Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

APRIL 17

1823 Mifflin W. Gibbs (Pennsylvania-born Jurist; First African American Appointed as a Municipal Judge) Pennsylvania  Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources African-American  Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1890 Johnny St. Cyr (New Orleans-born African-American Jazz Banjo, Guitar Player) Johnny St. Cyr Jazz Famous African Americans
1912 Jo Ann Gibson Robinson (Georgia-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Georgia  Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American  Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1990 Ralph Abernathy (Alabama-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Ralph Abernathy U.S. Civil Rights Movement Famous African Americans
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1869 Northern Iowa Women's Suffrage Association Is Founded in Dubuque Dubuque, Iowa Women Dubuque, Iowa State Historical Society of Iowa
1900 African-American Baptist Minister W. L. Dickson Founds the Dickson Colored Orphanage in Gilmer, Texas Gilmer, Texas Child Adoption and Orphanages African-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1930 Herberta Leonardy Is the First Florida Woman Admitted to Practice Before the U.S. Supreme Court Florida Women U.S. Supreme Court Historic Firsts Florida Historical Association
1944 Fifteen-year-old Martin Luther King Jr. Deliver His Oration "The Negro and the Constitution" Martin Luther King, Jr. Stage and Theater African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1947 Jackie Robinson's First Major League Hit Is a Bunt Jackie Robinson Major League Baseball National Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures University of Georgia
1964 Columbus, Ohio's Jerrie Mock Is First Woman to Fly Solo Around the World Columbus, Ohio Aviation American Women Explorers Historic Firsts New York Times
1972 Women Are Officially Included in the Boston Marathon for the First Time Boston, Massachusetts Distance Running Women Historic Firsts New York Times
1980 Formal Ceremony Makes Rhodesia Independent from Great Britain: Name Changed to Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Great Britain TV news Archive African American Registry

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