Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

APRIL 18

1813 James McCune Smith (New York City-born Doctor; First African American to Practice Medicine with a Medical Degree) New York City Scientists and Mathematicians Medicine African-American Scientists and Mathematicians African-American Registry
1853 Ana Cristina Roqué Géigel de Duprey (Puerto Rican Writer) Puerto Rican Authors & Illustrators Latin-American Authors & Illustrators
1864 Richard Harding Davis (Pennsylvania-born Journalist: First Famous American War Correspondent) Richard Harding Davis Journalism Sapnish-American War
1881 Noble Johnson (Missouri-born African-American Movie Actor, Producer) Missouri Performing Artists Film African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African-American Registry
1904 Dewey 'Pigmeat' Markham (North Carolina-born African-American Performing Artist, Comedian) North Carolina Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African-American Registry
1906 Eurreal "Lil Brother" Montgomery (Louisiana-born African-American Jazz Pianist and Vocalist ) Louisiana Performing Artists Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists African-American Registry
1907 Evelyn Sibley Lampman (Oregon-born Children's Author of Historical Fiction) Oregon Authors Primary Children's Authors Native American Studies
1924 Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown (Louisiana-born African-American Jazz Musician) Clarence Gatemouth Brown Jazz Musician Famous African Americans
1925 Bob Kaufman (New Orleans-born African American Beat Generation Poet) New Orleans Authors Poetry African-American Poets African-American Registry
1934 George Shirley (Indianapolis-born Tenor: First African-American Tenor Placed under Contract by the Metropolitan Opera) Indianapolis Performing Artists Opera African-American Performing Artists African-American Registry
1948 Nate Archibald (New York City-born African-American Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) New York City Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame Famous African Americans
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1842 Juan Seguín Resigns as Mayor of San Antonio Juan Seguín San Antonio, Texas Hispanic Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1861 Baltimore Mobs Assault Union Troops Arriving with African-American Soldiers Baltimore, Maryland American Civil War African-American History Baltimore City Paper
1864 President Lincoln Meets with Chippewa Indian Chiefs and Provides Them a Tour of the White House The White House President Lincoln Chippewa Indians Lincoln Papers
1922 Jack Johnson, the First African-American World Heavyweight Boxing Champion, Patents a Wrench Texas Sports Figures Boxing Hall of Fame Inventors & Inventions African-American Scientists and Inventors Technology and Society African-American Registry
1947 Jackie Robinson Hits His First Major League Home Run Off New York Giants' Dave Koslo Jackie Robinson Major League Baseball Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures University of Georgia
1955 The Northern Iowa Woman Suffrage Association Is Founded in Dubuque Dubuque, Iowa Women Women's Suffrage State Historical Society of Iowa
1965 Marian Anderson Ends Career with Easter Sunday Recital at Carnegie Hall Marian Anderson Opera Famous African Americans PBS
1966 Bill Russell Named as the First African-American Coach in the NBA Bill Russell Basketball Hallf of Fame African American Sports Figures Historic Firsts African-American Registry
1983 Alice Walker Is Awarded a Pulitzer Prize for Her Novel The Color Purple Alice Walker American Authors African-American Authors 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Color Purple University of Georgia

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