Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

APRIL 19

1914 Cora Brown (Alabama-born First African-American Woman Elected to a State Senate: Michigan) Alabama Political and Social Leaders Michigan Political and Social Leaders Female American Political Leaders African-American Political Leaders African American Registry
1916 Mary Lancaster Carnegie (Maryland-born African-American International Leader in the Nursing Profession) Maryland Scientists & Mathematicians Medicine American Women in Math and Science African-Americans in Matheamtics and Science African American Registry
1920 Arnita Young Boswell (Detroit-born African-American Educator, Social Leader) Detroit Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Female American Political Leaders African-American Political Leaders African American Registry
1931 Etheridge Knight (Mississippi-born African-American Poet) Etheridge Knight Poetry African-American Authors & Illustrators
1971 Javaka Steptoe (New York City-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Javaka Steptoe Primary Children's Author American Artists African-American Authors & Illustrators
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1809 Former President Thomas Jefferson Sells an Indentured Servant to New President James Madison Thomas Jefferson James Madison Business The History Channel
1852 The Wisconsin State Legislature Passes a Bill for the Establishment and Maintenance of a School for Deaf Children in Walworth County Walworth County, Wisconsin Education Deafness Wisconsin School for the Deaf Wisconsin Historical Society
1858 The Yankton Dakota Cede to the United States the Area Around Their Quarry in Pipestone County, Minnesota but Retain Free Access to the Quarry Grounds Pipestone County, Minnesota Dakota Human Rights/Civil Rights Minnesota Historical Society
1862 President Lincoln Announces Ratification of Treaty with Potawatomi Indians of Kansas Kansas President Abraham Lincoln Potawatomi Indians Historic U.S. Documents Lincoln Papers
1875 Kiowa Chief, White Horse (Tsen-tainte), and His Followers Surrender at Fort Sill Oklahoma Kiowa Indians Texas State Historical Association
1887 Massachusetts' Perkins Institution Dedicates the First Kindergarten for the Blind Massachusetts Education Early Childhood Education Blindness Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
1967 Civil Rights Activist, Stokely Carmichael, Speaks to 4,000 at Seattle's Garfield High School Seattle, Washington U.S. Civil Rights Movements African-American Heritage Garfield High School History Link
1969 African-American Students Forcibly Occupy Cornell's Willard Straight Hall to Protest Racism Civil/Human Rights Education African-American History Cornell University African-American Registry
1971 Vietnam Veterans Begin 5-day Antiwar Protest in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Vietnam War Human Rights/Civil Rights The History Channel
1972 Gen. Frederic Davidson First African-American Commander of an Army Division Notable U.S. Military Leaders African-American History Historic Firsts Historymakers

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