Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

DECEMBER 5

1839 George Armstrong Custer (Ohio-born U.S. Cavalry Officer) George Armstrong Custer Native American Studies Westward Expansion
1895 Elbert Frank Cox (Indiana-born Mathematician, Educator: First African American to Earn a Ph.D. in Pure Mathematics) Indiana Mathematicians & Scientists Educators of Note Mathematics African-American Mathematicians and Scientists African American Registry
1896 Ann Nolan Clark (New Mexico-born Children's Author: 1953 Newbery Award Winner for Secret of the Andes) Ann Nolan Clark Young Adult Authors Native-American Studies Latin-American Studies 1953 Newbery Award Winner for Secret of the Andes
1899 Modjeska Simkins (South Carolina-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) South Carolina Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1902 Annie Greene Nelson (South Carolina-born African-American Author) South Carolina Authors & Illustrators African-American Authors & Illustrators South Carolina African-American History African American Registry
1915 Ernest Kaiser (Virginia-born African-American Author) Virginia Authors Famous African-Americans
1925 John A. Williams (Mississippi-born African-American Author) Mississippi Authors & Illustrators African-American Authors and Illustrators University of Mississippi
Geneva Handy Southall (New Orleans-born African-American Musician, Educator) New Orleans Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Music African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1931 James Cleveland (Chicago-born African-American Gospel Singer, Composer) Chicago Performing Artists Gospel Musicians African-American Performing Artists The Grammy Awards African American Registry
1932 Little Richard (Georgia-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Little Richard African-American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Biography African American Registry
1933 Adolph Caesar (New York City-born African-American Actor) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
Sports Figures
1870 Bill Pickett (Texas-born African-American Rodeo Cowboy) Bill Pickett Rodeo African-American Sports Figures
1879 John Shippen (Washington, D.C-born African-American Golfer: the First Golf Professional Born in the United States) Washington, D.C. Sports Figures Golf African-American Sports Figures African American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1784 Phyllis Wheatley (Senegalese-born African-American Poet) Phyllis Wheatley American Authors Poetry Famous African Americans
1925 Christopher H. Payne (First African-American Elected to the West Virginia State Legislature) West Virginia Political and Social Leaders Politics African American Political and Social Leaders West Virginia State Archives
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1864 Florida Establishes Special Courts for Trying Slaves, Free Negroes, and Mulattos for Capital Offenses Florida Law and Legal Resources Racism African-American Heritage Florida Historical Society
1918 Florida's House of Representatives Rejects Statewide Suffrage for Women: Vote of 31-37 Florida Women Women's Suffrage Florida Historical Society
1919 Director of Child Welfare, Loraine Bush, Is First Woman to Head an Alabama State Agency Alabama Political and Social Leaders Women Historic Firsts Alabama State Archive
1934 Constitutional Amendment Gives Turkish Women the Right to Vote and to Hold Office Turkey Voting Women's Suffrage Turkish Government
1935 Mary McLeod Bethune Establishes National Council of Negro Women Mary McLeod Bethune African-American History National Council of Negro Women African American Registry
1946 President Truman Issues Executive Order Creating Committee on Civil Rights President Truman Civil Rights Truman Library
1955 The Montgomery Bus Boycott Begins in Response to the Arrest of Rosa Parks Montgomery Bus Boycott Rosa Parks African American Registry
1957 New York Is the First City to Ban Housing Discrimination on the Basis of Race or Creed New York City Housing Human Rights/Civil Rights Historic Firsts New York Historical Society

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