Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

DECEMBER 18

1897 Fletcher Henderson (Georgia-born African-American Jazz Bandleader, Arranger, Pianist) Fletcher Henderson Jazz African-American Performing Artists
1912 Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. (Washington, D.C.-born African-American 4-Star General in the U.S. Military) Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. African American Military Figures
1917 Ossie Davis (Georgia-born African-American Actor, Civil Rights Activist) Ossie Davis Actors Film U.S. Civil Rights Movement Famous African Americans
Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson (Texas-born African-American Blues Musician) Texas Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1946 Steve Biko (South African Civil Rights Leader) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid U.S. Civil Rights/Human Rights African American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1984 Santiago Jimenez Sr. (Texas-born Popular Conjunto Musician) Texas Performing Artists Latin-American Performing Artists Popular Musicians Texas State Historical Association
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1620 Landing Party from The Mayflower Goes Ashore Seeking a Good Site for Settlement Plymouth Colony Voyage of the Mayflower Colonial Massachusetts Historic Firsts MayflowerHistory.com (pdf) History Channel
1860 U.S. Senator John Crittenden (Kentucky) Proposes to Protect Slavery South of the Missouri Compromise Line John Crittenden U.S. Senate Slavery Writer's Almanac
Texas Rangers "Rescue" Cynthia Ann Parker in Raid on a Comanche Camp Notorious Texans Cynthia Ann Parker Commanche Indians Texas State Historical Association
1865 13th Amendment to the Constitution Abolishing Slavery Is Officially Adopted 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Slavery African-American Heritage History Channel
1888 The Ancient Mesa Verde Indian Ruins Are Discovered in Southwest Colorado Colorado Native American Heritage Westward Expansion Mesa Verde National Park History Channel
1900 Elijah McCoy Receives Patent for a Lubricator Elijah McCoy Inventors and Inventions African-American Inventors and Mathematicians Patent #663976 USPO
1944 U.S. Supreme Court Upholds the Wartime Relocation of Japanese-Americans U.S. Supreme Court Japanese-American Detainment Human Rights/Civil Rights World War II New York Times
1961 Martin Luther King Is Released from the Albany, Georgia Jail, Agreeing to End Local Bus Boycott Albany, Georgia Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. U.S. Civil Rights Movement University of Georgia
1971 U.S. Congress Enacts the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act Conveying over 40 Million Acres to Settle Alaska Native Land Claims Alaska U.S. Congress Native-American Heritage Historic U.S. Documents Economics Alaska Historical Society
1997 In Albany, Georgia, Ground Is Broken for the Mount Zion Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum Albany, Georgia Georgia Museums U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Heritage Mount Zion Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum University of Georgia

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