Return Today in the History of Pioneers, Explorers, Aviators and Historic Firsts Return

MARCH 1

1924 Donald "Deke" Slayton (Wisconsin-born Astronaut, NASA Administrator) Wisconsin Explorers and Astronauts Astronauts NASA Wisconsin Historical Society
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1859 Manuel Johnson (English Astronomer) English Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Chambers Book of Days
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1638 The First Swedish Settlers in North America Arrive at Delaware Sweden Delaware Colonial Delaware Historic Firsts Concordia
1711 The First Edition of The Spectator Is Printed Great Britain Journalism Historic Firsts Chambers Book of Days
1780 Pennsylvania Is First State to Abolish Slavery (newborns only) Pennsylvania Abolition Historic Firsts African American Heritage
1803 The Ohio State Government is First Organized in Chillicothe Chillicothe, Ohio Historic Firsts Chillicothe, Ohio
1838 The First School Opens in Madison, Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin Education Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1847 Michigan Is First English-speaking Government to Abolish the Death Penalty Except for Treason Michigan Human Rights Capital Punishment Historic Firsts Human Rights Education Association
1861 Construction Is Completed on Florida's First Cross-Peninsula Railroad from Fernandina to Cedar Key Florida Railroads Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1872 First U.S. National Park Is Created at Yellowstone, Wyoming Yellowstone National Park Historic Firsts Yellowstone National Park History Channel
1875 Congress Passes First U.S. Civil Rights Act to Provide Equal Access to Public Places and Transportation U.S. Congress Civil Rights Law Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1891 Willa Cather Publishes Her First Essay, "Concerning Thomas Carlyle," in the Nebraska Journal Willa Cather American Authors Journalism Historic Firsts American Collection
1894 Jenette Hubbard Bolles Receives Her Degree as the First Female Doctor of Osteopathy Medical Profession American Women in Science and Medicine Historic Firsts DR. Dom IntelliHealth
1902 Edith Wharton's First Novel, The Valley of Decision, Is Published Edith Wharton American Authors Historic Firsts American Collection
1909 University of Minnesota Establishes First University School of Nursing Minnesota Education Medicine Historic Firsts University of Minnesota
1912 Albert Berry Makes the First Parachute Descent from a Powered Airplane in America Aviation History Historic Firsts U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission
In New York City, Isabella Goodwin Becomes the Nation's First Female Police Detective New York City Women Law Enforcement Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1921 Washington Residents Begin Paying Their First Gas Tax, One Cent/Gallon Washington Business Automotives Law and Legal Resources Taxes Historic Firsts History Link
1928 Seattle's Paramount Theatre Opens Its Doors Seattle, Washington Stage and Theater Historic Firsts National Park Service History Link
1961 Uganda Holds Its First Election as a Self-Governing Country Uganda Elections Historic Firsts U.S. Department of State
1966 Soviet Union's Venera 3 Crash Lands on Venus as First Man-made Object to Reach Another Planet Russian Space Program Space Exploration Venus Historic Firsts History Channel NASA
1984 NASA Launches Landsat-D Prime (Landsat 5) Mapping Satellite Space Exploration Maps NASA
2002 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-109) to Service Hubble Telescope Space Shuttle Hubble Telescope NASA
Data from NASA Probe Suggests Significant Presence of Frozen Water on Mars Space Exploration Mars Water NASA

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