Return Today in the History of Pioneers, Explorers, Aviators and Historic Firsts Return

APRIL 14

1842 Gerhard Rohlfs (German Explorer; Deserts of North Africa) German Explorers Africa Deserts
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1528 Spanish Explorer, Panfilo de Narvaez, Lands at Florida's Tampa Bay Panfilo de Narvaez Tampa, Florida North American Explorers Hispanic Heritage Florida Historical Society
1642 The Massachusetts Bay Colony Passes the First Law in the New World Requiring That Children Be Taught to Read and Write. Massachusetts Massachusetts Bay Colony Education Child Advocacy Law Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1689 Alonso De León, Spanish Governor of Coahuila, Discovers and Names the Guadalupe River Texas Landmarks Rivers Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1775 Benjamin Franklin Helps Organize First American Society for Abolition of Slavery Slavery and Abolition Benjamin Franklin Historic Firsts Anti-Slavery Society History Channel
1813 Religious Society of Friends Founds the First Private Psychiatric Hospital Near Philadelphia Philadelphia, Pennsylvanaia Mental Health Psychology Historic Firsts Intellihealth
1828 Noah Webster Publishes the First Dictionary of American English Language Noah Webster Dictionaries Historic Firsts Merriam-Webster
1846 The Donner Party Leaves Springfield, Illinois on Its Trip Ill-Fated Trip West Springfield, Illinois Westward Expansion The Donner Party Illinois Historical Society
1856 Calhoun County, West Virginia's First County Court Meets in a Private Home Near Bigbend West Virginia, Government Law Historic Firsts Calhoun County, West Virginia West Virginia Archives
The First Train Crosses the Mississippi River to Davenport, Iowa Davenport, Iowa Mississippi River Bridges Railroad Historic Firsts State Historical Society of Iowa
1861 Minnesota Is the First State to Offer Soldiers to the Union Army When Governor Alexander Ramsey Volunteers to Provide 1,000 Troops Minnesota American Civil War Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1890 First International Conference of American States Establishes Union of American Republics (OAS Forerunner) World Government Historic Firsts Organization of American States
1894 First Kinetoscope Parlor Opens in New York City New York City The Kinetoscope Rutgers University History Channel
1910 President Taft Begins a Tradition Throwing Out the First Ball At Washington Senators' Home Opener President William Howard Taft Baseball Historic Firsts Major League Baseball New York Times
1918 U.S. Fliers Engage in the First-Ever Dogfight over France France Aviation History World War I Historic Firsts History Channel
1933 The First Issue of the African-American Detroit Tribune Is Published Detroit, Michigan Media Journalism African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum Opens in Canyon as the First State Museum in Texas Texas Museums Museums Historic Firsts Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum Texas State Historical Association
1953 The Milwaukee Braves Defeat the St. Louis Cardinals, 3-2 in 10 Innings, Playing Their Official Debut in Milwaukee Milwaukee, Wisconsin Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1955 103 German-born Rocket Scientists and Technicians Become American Citizens in Huntsville, Alabama German Scientists & Mathematicians Hunstville, Alabama Space Exploration NASA Alabama Archives
1956 Ampex Corp. Demonstrates the First Commercial Videotape Recorder Television History of Technology Historic Firsts New York Times
1981 First Space Shuttle Flight, Columbia (STS-1), Ends with Landing in the California Desert California The Space Shuttle Historic Firsts U.S. Army NASA
1986 Desmond Tutu Is Selected as the First Black Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa Desmond Tutu Religion Historic Firsts South African History

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