Return Today in the History of Pioneers, Explorers, Aviators and Historic Firsts Return

APRIL 20

Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1534 Jacques Cartier Sets Sail from St. Malo to Explore North America Jacques Cartier Canada North American Explorers Naval History Catholic Enyclopedia
1836 An Act of Congress Creates the Wisconsin State Library Wisconsin Libraries U.S. Congress Libraries Historic Firsts Wisconsin State law Library Wisconsin Historical Society
1841 Edgar Allen Poe Publishes the First Detective Story, "Murders in the Rue Morgue" Edgar Allen Poe Literature Historic Firsts History Channel
1842 The Adelsverein Is Established in Germany for the Purpose of Establishing a New Germany in Texas Germany Texas Immigration State Historical Association
1884 Trains Begin Crossing the First Northern Pacific Railroad Bridge over the Snake River Washington Railroad Bridges Historic Firsts History Link
1891 In Minnesota, Itasca State Park Is Established as a 32,000 Acre Preserve of More Than 300 Lakes and the Headwaters of the Mississippi River Minnesota Parks and Landmarks Historic Firsts  Itasca State Park Minnesota Historical Society
1896 First Projected Movie Is Shown as a Commercial Attraction in New York City New York City Film Historic Firsts History Channel
1899 Minnesota Passes the Nation's First Direct Primary Election Law for Candidates in Counties with a Population of 200,000 Minnesota Government Elections Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1909 The Nation's First Mile of Concrete Road Is Laid in Wayne County, Michigan Michigan Automotives Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1926 Western Electric & Warner Bros. Announce Vitaphone Movie Sound Process Film Sound Historic Firsts History Channel
1967 NASA's Unmanned Surveyor 3 Lands on the Moon Space Exploration The Moon NASA Center of Technology and Society
NASA Launches ESSA-5 Weather Satellite Space Exploration Weather NASA
1972 The Manned Lunar Module from Apollo 16 Lands on the Moon NASA Manned Space Exploration Lunar Exploration  Smithsonian BBC
1977 NASA ESA-GEOS 1 Is First Satellite Placed in the Equatorial Geostationary Orbit Space Exploration NASA
2003 NASA and Stanford Launch Gravity Probe B To Test Aspects of Einstein's Theory of Relativity Space Exploration Albert Einstein Gravity  Satnford NASA

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