Return Today in the History of Pioneers, Explorers, Aviators and Historic Firsts Return


1935 Robert Lawrence (Chicago-born Test Pilot: First African-American Selected for Astronaut Training) Chicago Explorers and Astronauts Astronauts African-American Explorers and Astronauts African-American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1535 Jacques Cartier Climbs and Names Canada's Mount Réal (Mount Royal) Which Will Become Montreal Canada Jacques Cartier North American Explorers New York Times
1811 At Oregon's Port of Astoria, the 25-Ton Schooner Dolly Is Launched as the First Vessel Built on the Columbia River Astoria, Oregon Naval History The Columbia River Historic Firsts Port of Astoria
1821 Indiana's First State Prison Opens in Jeffersonville Jeffersonville, Indiana Prisons Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1861 The First Train of the Wisconsin Central Railroad Runs Between Menasha and Waupaca Wisconsin Railroad Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1867 Oct 1-4, African-American Men Vote for First Time in an Alabama Statewide Election Alabama Voting African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Alabama State Archive
Storer College in Harpers Ferry Opens as West Virginia's First African-American College West Virginia Education Education African-American Heritage Historic Firsts National Park Service West Virginia State Archives
1897 George Washington Bright Is Hired as First African-American Member of the Los Angeles Fire Department Los Angeles City Government Labor Fire Safety African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Los Angeles Fire Department African-American Registry
1900 Florida's First Law School, Stetson University College of Law, Opens in Deland Deland, Florida Education Law Historic Firsts Stetson College of Law Florida Historical Society
1920 Reds & Pirates Play 0nly Triple-Header in Major League History Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts Society for American Baseball Research
1948 New York's Watkins Glen International Hosts Its First Grand Prix Races New York Auto Racing Historic Firsts Watkins Glen International History Channel
1959 The First of 154 Episodes of Twilight Zone Airs Television Historic Firsts The Internet Movie Database
1962 NASA Launches Explorer 14 to Measure Cosmic-ray Particles and Interplanetary Magnetic Fields Space Exploration The Solar System NASA
1966 NASA Launches ESSA 3 Meteorological Satellite to Record Daytime Earth Cloud Cover Space Exploration Earth Science Meteorology Clouds NASA
1967 Thurgood Marshall Is Sworn in as the First African-American Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Thurgood Marshall President Lyndon Johnson U.S. Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources African-American History Historic Firsts History Channel Library of Congress New York Times Oyez African-American Registry
1972 First Day of Classes at the University of North Florida Florida Education Education Historic Firsts Universtiy of North Florida Florida Historical Society
1995 South Africa's Human Rights Commission Meets for the First Time South African Government Huiman Rights Historic Firsts South African History

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