Return Today in the History of Pioneers, Explorers, Aviators and Historic Firsts Return

NOVEMBER 18

1923 Alan Shepard (New Hampshire-born Astronaut; First American in Space) Alan Shepard Astronauts The Moon
1945 Wilma Mankiller (Oklahoma-born First Female Chief of Cherokee Nation) Wilma Mankiller Cherokee Nation American Women Political and Social Leaders
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1477 William Claxton's Translation of The Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres First Book Printed in England Great Britain Books Historic Firsts State Library of Victoria
1820 Connecticut Whaler, Nathaniel Palmer, Discovers the Continent of Antarctica. Connecticut Explorers Antarctica World History Historic Firsts New York Times
1837 The First Steamship Line in Texas Completes Its First Voyage Texas Steamships Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1847 In Jacksonville, Episcopal Bishop Henry I. Louttit Is Elected the First President of the Florida Council of Churches Jacksonville, Florida Religion Historic Firsts Florida Council of Churches Florida Historical Society
1880 Hans N. Amble Is the First Postmaster in Cable, Wisconsin Cable, Wisconsin U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1883 Railroads Force Creation of Four North American Time Zones Canada U.S. History Time Zones Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1928 Mickey Mouse Stars in 1st Sound-synchronized Cartoon, Steamboat Willy Walt Disney Cartoons & Comics Sound History of Technology Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
1961 NASA Launches Ranger 2 Spacecraft As Test for Lunar and Interplanetary Missions Space Exploration Lunar Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1973 NASA Launches NATO 3-C Communications Satellite for NATO Space Exploration Telecommunications NATO NASA
1985 University of Washington Surgeons Perform the First Successful Heart Transplant in the Pacific Northwest Washington Health Care Heart Transplants Historic Firsts University of Washington HistoryLink
1991 NASA Launches Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) to Seek Evidence of the Big Bang Space Exploration NASA

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