Return Today in the History of Pioneers, Explorers, Aviators and Historic Firsts Return

DECEMBER 1

Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1783 First Manned Hydrogen Balloon Climbs to 600m above Paris, Travels 43 km Paris Balloons Hydrogen Historic Firsts NASA
1794 The First Half-Dollar Coins Were Placed Into Circulation Currency Historic Firsts U.S. Treasury
1826 The Barnet Is the First Steamboat to Pass through Massachusetts' South Hadley Canal Massachusetts Rivers and Canals Steamboats Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1832 Felix Mendelssohn's Overture, "Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage," Is First Performed in Berlin, Germany Felix Mendelssohn Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1845 Florida's First Two Senators Are Seated in the U.S. Senate Florida U.S. Senate Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1850 The U.S. Congress Passes the Donation Land Claim Act Granting Tracts of Public Land to Settlers of the Oregon Territory Oregon U.S. Congress Westward Expansion Historic U.S. Documents SalemOregon.com
1886 Richard Wagner's Opera "Tristan und Isolde" Receives Its American Premiere at the Metropolitan Opera in New York Richard Wagner Metropolitan Opera Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1887 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's First Story about Sherlock Holmes Is Published Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Authors Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
1913 Gulf Oil Opens the World's First Gas Station in Pittsburgh, PA Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Automobiles Historic Firsts Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
1919 Lady Astor Is Sworn in As the First Female Member of the British Parliament Great Britain Women Historic Firsts New York Times
1924 George Gershwin's Musical, "Lady, Be Good," Is First Performed at the Liberty Theater in New York City George Gershwin Composers American Musicals Historic Firsts American Public Media
1928 Pitcairn (Eastern) Airlines Initiate 15-hour Service Between Miami and New York Florida New York City Aviation History Smithsonian Florida Historical Society
1934 Maurice Ravel's Last Work, "Don Quichotte ŕ Dulcinée," Is First Performed in Paris, France Maurice Ravel Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1937 Vaughan Williams' One-act Opera, "Riders to the Sea," Is First Performed in London, England Vaughan Williams Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1944 Bela Bartók's "Concerto for Orchestra" Is First Performed by the Boston Symphony Boston Symphony Bela Bartók Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1956 Leonard Bernstein's Musical, "Candide," Is First Performed at the Martin Beck Theater in New York City New York City Leonard Bernstein Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1960 Soviets Launch Sputnik 6 with Two Dogs and Television System Aboard Russian Space Program Space Exploration Dogs NASA
1965 Airlift Begins to Bring Thousands of Cuban Refugees to the U.S. Cuba Aviation History The Cold War Latin-American Studies New York Times
1989 Mikhail Gorbachev First Soviet Leader to Visit the Pope in the Vatican Mikhail Gorbachev Catholicism Religion Historic Firsts Concordia
1997 All Planets of the Solar System and Crescent Moon Visible from Earth The Solar System The Moon CNN
1999 Scientists Announce the Mapping of Virtually an Entire Human Chromosome Human Genome Project Historic Firsts CNN

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