Return Today in the History of Pioneers, Explorers, Aviators and Historic Firsts Return

DECEMBER 15

Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1612 Simon Marius Provides First Telescope Description of Andromeda Galaxy German Scientists & Mathematicians Space & Astronomy Historic Firsts Students for the Exploration and Development of Space
1849 The First California Legislature Convenes in San Josť San Jose, California Historic First LearnCalifornia
1851 The First YMCA in the United States Is Founded in Boston, Massachusetts Boston, Massachusetts Greater Boston YMCA Historic First Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1886 New York Stock Exchange Sets Trading Volume Record of 1.2M Shares Markets and Investments Historic First New York Stock Exchange History Channel
1887 In Minnesota, the First Issue of the Northfield Independent Appears Northfield, Minnesota Journalism Historic First Minnesota Historical Society
1893 Anton Dvorak's "New World Symphony" Is First Performed at a Public Rehearsal in New York City's Carnegie Hall Anton Dvorak Composers Historic First PBS American Public Radio
1901 Sergei Rachmaninoff's Cello Sonata, Op. 19, Is First Performed in Moscow by Cellist Anatoly Brandukov Sergei Rachmaninoff Composers Historic First American Public Radio
1960 U.S. Pioneer P-31 Lunar Probe Mission Fails Shortly After Launch Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1965 U.S. Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 Orbit to Within 10' of Each Other Space Exploration Historic First NASA
1968 NASA Launches ESSA-8 Cloud Photography Spacecraft to Replace ESSA-6 Space Exploration Clouds Photography NASA
1970 Soviet's Venera 7 Is First Lander to Reach Venus Surface & Continue Transmitting Russian Space Program Space Exploration Venus Historic First NASA
1971 The First Five Women Are Appointed as Special Agents of the United States Secret Service U.S. Secret Service Women Historic First U.S. Treasury
1973 NASA Launches Atmosphere Explorer-C to Investigate the Thermosphere Space Exploration Earth Science NASA
1978 NASA Launches ANIK-B1 to Test Viability of Satellite Telecommunications Systems Space Exploration Communications Technology Television NASA
1984 Soviets Launch Vega for Flyby of Halley's Comet Russian Space Program Space Exploration Halley's Comet NASA
1986 Leonard Bernstein's "Opening Prayer" for Baritone and Orchestra Is First Performed at Carnegie Hall by the New York Philharmonic Carnegie Hall Leonard Bernstein Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1996 Boeing Co. Announces Plan to Acquire McDonnell Douglas Corp. for $13.3B Business & Economics Aviation New York Times
2009 In Washington, Boeing Conducts the First Test Flight of the 787 Dreamliner Aircraft Washington Aviation Historic Firsts Boeing

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