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JANUARY 23

1918 Gertrude Belle Elion (New York City-born 1988 Nobel Laureate for Medicine) Gertrude Belle Elion Medical Research 1988 Nobel Laureate for Medicine
Sports Figures
1936 Jerry Kramer (Montana-born Professional Football Player, Author of Instant Replay) Football American Authors
1944 Sergei Belov (Russian Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Russian Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1957 Edward Bulwar Cochems (Wisconsin-born Football Coach Who Pioneered the Forward Pass) Wisconsin Sports Figures Football Wisconsin Historical Society
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1556 Deadliest Earthquake in Recorded World History Kills 830,000 in China China Earthquake Death USGS
1849 Elizabeth Blackwell Receives Medical Degree to Become First U.S. Female Physician Elizabeth Blackwell Medicine Women Historic Firsts History Channel
1853 Abraham Lincoln Attends Temperance Lecture by Rev. James Smith Abraham Lincoln Illicit Drugs Lincoln Logs
1863 Louisa May Alcott Returns Home from Duty as a Civil War Nurse Louisa May Alcott American Authors American Civil War Medicine American Collection
1866 Walt Whitman Suffers a Stroke Walt Whitman American Authors Medicine American Collection
1879 National Archery Association Is Chartered at a Convention in Crawfordsville, Indiana Crawfordsville, Indiana Archery Official Website StickBow
1891 Chicago's Provident Hospital, America's First Integrated Hospital, Is Incorporated Chicago Health Care Racism Historic Firsts Athena
1896 Wilhelm Röntgen Gives First Public Demonstration of X-rays Wilhelm Röntgen Radiation 1901 Nobel Laureate for Physics Rad Journal
1909 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 5,500 in Iran Iran Earthquakes Death USGS
1922 Toronto General Hospital Administers First Insulin Injection as a Treatment for Diabetes Canada Diabetes Historic Firsts History Channel
1962 Jackie Robinson & Bob Feller Are Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame Jackie Robinson Baseball Hall of Fame Famous African Americans University of Georgia
1968 Joe Medwick Is Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame New Jersey Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Baseball Library
1975 Ralph Kiner Is Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame New Mexico Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Baseball Library
1979 Willie Mays Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame Alabama Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Famous African Americans New York Times
1981 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 150 in China's Sichuan Province China Earthquakes Death USGS
1983 Bjorn Borg Retires from Tennis Swedish Sports Figures Tennis Hall of Fame Television News Archive
1985 O.J. Simpson, Roger Staubach and Joe Namath Are Elected to Pro Football's Hall of Fame Pennsylvania Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame San Francisco Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
Ohio Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame New York Times
1989 Earthquake Kills 25,000 in Tajikistan Tajikistan Earthquake Death BBC

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