Return Today in the History of Health & Physical Education Return

APRIL 12

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United States: National Licorice Day Foods and Nutrition Merriam-Webster
1831 James Mackenzie (Scottish Cardiologist; Pioneer in the Study of Cardiac Arrhythmia) Scottish Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research The Heart
1884 Otto Meyerhof (English 1922 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) German Scientists & Mathematicians Anatomy & Physiology 1922 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
1924 Peter Safar (Austrian Inventor of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)) Peter Safar CPR
Sports Figures
1880 Adrian "Addie" Joss (Wisconsin-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Wisconsin Sports Figures Baseball  Hall of Fame Wisconsin Historical Society
1882 Jimmy Winkfield (Kentucky-born African-American Jockey: Winner of the 1901 and 1902 Kentucky Derbies) Kentucky Sports Figures Horse Racing Hall of Fame Kentucky Derby African American Registry
1907 Pete Desjardins (Canadian-American Diver: Two Gold Medals, 1928 Olympics) Canadian Sports Figures Swiming and Diving Hall of Fame 1928 Summer Olympics
1941 Bobby Moore (English Soccer Player, Captain of England's 1966 World Cup Championship Team) English Sports Figures Soccer
1965 Elaine Zayak (New Jersey-born Figure Skater) New Jersey Sports Figures Figure Skating
1969 Lucas Radebe (South African Soccer Player) South African Sports Figures Soccer South African History
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1912 Clara Barton (Massachusetts-born Founder of the American Red Cross) Clara Barton American Red Cross
1981 Joe Louis (Alabama-born African-American Member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame) Joe Louis International Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
1989 Sugar Ray Robinson (Michigan-born African-American Member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame) Sugar Ray Robinson International Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
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1822 Due to Sickness Spreading Across the State, Hoosiers Observe a Day of Fasting and Prayer as Directed by Governor Jonathan Jennings Indiana Health Care Religion Indiana Historical Society
1858 Detroit Hosts the First International Billiards Tournament Detroit, Michigan Sports Historic Firsts Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1877 Harvard's Alexander Tyng Wears First Catcher's Mask in a Baseball Game Baseball Historic Firsts Havard University New York Times
1930 Oshkosh, Wisconsin All-Stars Independent Professional Basketball Team Beats the Chicago Majestic, 30-23 for the Midwest Championship Oshkosh, Wisconsin Basketball Wisconsin Historical Society
1938 New York Is First State to Require Medical Tests for Marriage Licenses New York Health Care Historic Firsts Court TV
1954 Sam Snead Defeats Ben Hogan in a Playoff to Win His Third Masters Championship Virginia Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame The Masters New York Times
1955 It Is Announced That Dr. Jonas Salk Has Developed a Polio Vaccine Jonas Salk Polio Eisenhower Presidential Library Technology and Society
1964 Arnold Palmer Wins His Fourth Masters Championship Arnold Palmer World Golf Hall of Fame The Masters Sports Illustrated
1981 U.S. Olympic Committee Endorses Boycott of Moscow Games Soviet Union Moscow Olympic Games The Cold War
Tom Watson Wins His Second Masters Championship Missouri Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame The Masters Sports Illustrated
1987 Augusta's Own Larry Mize Wins Three-hole Playoff for the Masters Championship Georgia Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame The Masters Sports Illustrated
1992 Seattle, Washington's Fred Couples Wins the Masters Championship Washington Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame The Masters Sports Illustrated
1998 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Causes One Death by Heart Attack in Austria Austria Earthquake Death USGS
Goldsboro, North Carolina's Mark O'Meara Wins the Masters Championship North Carolina Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame The Masters Sports Illustrated

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