Return Today in the History of Literature, Journalism, Stage & Media Return

APRIL 18

1817 George Henry Lewes (English Philosopher, Critic, Actor, Scientist and Editor) English Political and Social Leaders Philosopher English Authors English Performing Artists English Scientists and Mathematicians
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1907 Evelyn Sibley Lampman (Oregon-born Children's Author of Historical Fiction) Oregon Authors Primary Children's Authors Native American Studies
1927 Mitchell Sharmat (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors Primary Children's Authors
1957 Barbara Reid (Canadian Children's Author, Illustrator) Barbara Reid Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1580 Thomas Middleton (English Author) English Writers
1853 Ana Cristina Roqué Géigel de Duprey (Puerto Rican Writer) Puerto Rican Authors & Illustrators Latin-American Authors & Illustrators
1864 Richard Harding Davis (Pennsylvania-born Journalist: First Famous American War Correspondent) Richard Harding Davis Journalism Sapnish-American War
1918 Clifton Keith Hillegass (Nebraska-born Publisher, Founder of CliffsNotes) Clifton Keith Hillegass Literature
1923 Leif Panduro (Danish Dramatist, Novelist) Danish Authors
1925 Bob Kaufman (New Orleans-born African American Beat Generation Poet) New Orleans Authors Poetry African-American Poets African-American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1905 Enoch Sontonga (South African Writer, Composer of the National Anthem Nkosi Sikelel I Africa) South African Writers Authors Composers South African History
1945 Ernie Pyle (Indiana-born Journalist, War Correspondent Killed in Combat) Ernie Pyle Journalism World War II
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1835 New England Magazine Publishes "Young Goodman Brown," by Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel Hawthorne American Authors Journalism American Collection
1842 Graham's Magazine Publishes Edgar Allen Poe's "The Oval Portrait" Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Edgar Allen Poe American Authors Journalism American Collection
1843 The Dial Publishes Ralph Waldo Emerson's Short Poem, "Smoke." Ralph Waldo Emerson American Authors Poetry American Collection
1846 Abraham Lincoln Shares a Poem He Has Written About His Boyhood Home, Spencer County, Indiana Spencer County, Indiana Abraham Lincoln Poetry Lincoln Papers
1861 Florida Convention Unanimously Approves a Constitution of the Confederate States of America Florida American Civil War Historic U.S. Documents Florida Historical Society
1865 Union General Sherman and Confederate General Joseph Johnston Sign an Armistice in North Carolina North Carolina American Civil War Historic U.S. Documents University of Georgia
1894 Mark Twain's Company, Charles L. Webster & Co., Declares Bankruptcy Missouri Authors & Illustrators Mark Twain American Authors Business American Collection
1905 Author Henry James Visits Seattle, Washington Seattlew, Washington Henry James American Authors History Link
1913 John F. A. Strong, Owner of the Alaska Daily Empire, a Juneau Newspaper, Is Appointed Governor of Alaska Alaskan Political and Social Leaders Journalism Alaska Historical Society
1932 William Faulkner Is Hired to Write Scripts for MGM William Faulkner Film The History Channel
1942 U.S. Military Newspaper, Stars & Stripes, Resumes Publication Journalism World War II Stars and Stripes
1945 Journalist Ernie Pyle Killed by Japanese Machine Gun Fire Japan Ernie Pyle Journalism World War II Death
1958 Court Releases Ezra Pound from Hospital for Criminally Insane Ezra Pound Poetry The History Channel
1970 The Musical Hair Is First Performed in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Plays Popular Music History Link
1976 In New York City, A Chorus Line Sweeps the Tony Awards for Best Musical and 7 More Categories New York City Stage & Theater American Musicals Tony Awards Theatre History
1983 Alice Walker Is Awarded a Pulitzer Prize for Her Novel The Color Purple Alice Walker American Authors African-American Authors 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Color Purple University of Georgia
1994 Beauty and the Beast Premieres at the Palace Theatre, New York New York City Stage & Theater American Musicals Internet Broadway Database Theatre History

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