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MAY 19

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Turkmenistan: Holiday of Poetry of Magtymuguly
(Observed annually on May 19 in honor of Magtymuguly, the national poet of Turkmenistan)
Turkmenistan U.S. Department of State Turkmenistan Embassy, Washington, D.C.
1762 Johann Gottlieb Fichte (German Philosopher and Patriot) German Political and Social Leaders Philosophy
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1921 Pauline Clarke (British Children's Author) British Authors Young-adult Authors
1933 Tom Feelings (New York City-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Tom Feelings Primary Childrens Authors American Artists Notable African Americans Coretta Scott King Illustrator Awards 1979, 1994, 1996
1936 Peter J. Lippman (New York City-born Children's Author) New York Authors and Illustrators Primary Childrens Authors
1950 Arthur Dorros (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Washington, D.C. Authors and Illustrator Primary Childrens Authors American Artists
1952 Sarah Ellis (Canadian Children's Author) Canadian Authors and Illustrator Primary Childrens Authors
1954 Elise Primavera (New Jersey-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New Jersey Authors and Illustrator Primary Childrens Authors American Artists
1957 Kimberly Bulcken Root (American Children's Author, Illustrator) American Authors and Illustrator Primary Childrens Authors American Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1930 Lorraine Hansberry (Chicago-born African-American Playwright: "A Raisin in the Sun") Lorraine Hansberry Plays Notable African Americans
1933 Edward de Bono (Malta-born Philosopher on Creativity and Lateral Thinking) Maltese Authors Philosophy Education Official Website
1934 Jim Lehrer (Kansas-born PBS Broadcast Journalist) Jim Lehrer Journalism Television
1941 Nora Ephron (New York City-born Journalist and Screenwriter) Nora Ephron Filmmakers Journalism
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1777 Button Gwinnett (British-born American Patriot; Signer of the Declaration of Independence) British Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence University of Georgia
1795 Josiah Bartlett (Massachusetts-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence: New Hampshire Governor) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence History Channel
1895 José Martí (Cuban Poet, Revolutionary) José Martí Poetry
1946 Booth Tarkington (Indiana-born Pulitzer Prize-winning Novelist) Indiana Authors American Authors Pulitzer Prize
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1804 Georgia Ratifies the 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Georgia Government 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution The American Presidency University of Georgia
1835 New England Magazine Publishes "Wakefield" by Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel Hawthorne American Authors Journalism American Collection
1884 Ringling Brothers Open Their First Circus Traveling by Wagon with a Rented Horse The Circus Ringling Theatre History
1897 Oscar Wilde Is Released From Prison After Two Years Hard Labor Oscar Wilde Authors Prison History Channel
1934 Zelda Fitzgerald Enters Sheppard-Pratt Hospital F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors American Collection
1959 Maynard Jackson Is the First African-American to Receive a Library Card From the Atlanta Public Library Atlanta, Georgia Library Resources African-American Heritage Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1963 Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail" Is Issued to the Public in a Press Release Dr. Martin Luther King Jr Letter from Birmingham Jail Alabama Archives
1967 Soviet Union Signs U.S./Britain Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons in Space Soviet Union Great Britain Historic Documents Nuclear Weapons The Cold War The History Channel
1971 Godspell Opens at the Cherry Lane Theater in New York City New York City Stage and Theater Religion Cherry Lane Theater Concordia
1992 27th Amendment Goes Into Effect Prohibiting Congress From Giving Itself Midterm Pay Raises U.S. Congress 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Economics New York Times

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