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JANUARY 8

1587 Johannes Fabricius (German Astronomer: First to Report Observations of Sunspots) Dutch Scientists & Mathematicians Astronomy The Sun Connexions
1823 Alfred Russel Wallace (English Naturalist Who Developed the Concept of Evolution Independently of Darwin) English Scientists & Mathematicians Evolution
1868 Frank Dyson (English Astronomer) English Scientists & Mathematicians Astronomy Light Albert Einstein Greenwich Guide
1881 William Piper (New York-born Founder of Piper Aircraft) New York-born Business Leaders Aviation Piper Aircraft
1891 Walter Bothe (German-born 1954 Nobel Laureate for Physics) German Scientists & Mathematicians Physics 1954 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1902 Carl Rogers (Illinois-born Psychotherapist Who Originated Person-centered, non-Directive Counseling.) Illinois Scientists & Mathematicians Psychology
1923 Joseph Weizenbaum (German-born American Computer Scientist Who Developed ELIZA - First Program Capable of Simple Conversations in English) German Scientists & Mathematicians Computer Technology Technology and Society
1942 Stephen Hawking (English Theoretical Physicist) Stephen Hawking Physics Space and Cosmology Special Needs Education
1949 Stephen Manes (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors Young-adult Authors Computers Bill Gates
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1642 Galileo Galilei (Italian Scientist Among the First to Use Empirical Investigations to Test Scientific Theories) Galileo Galilei Astronomy Concordia
1825 Eli Whitney (Massachusetts-born Inventor of the Cotton Gin) Eli Whitney Inventors and Inventions
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1851 Jean Foucault Proves the Earth Rotates on Its Axis Jean Foucault Earth Science Physics
1863 In Sacramento, California, a Groundbreaking Ceremony Is Held for the First Transcontinental Railroad Sacramento, California Railroads PBS
1889 Herman Hollerith Patents the First Electronic Tabulating Machine New York Mathemaiticans and Scientists Inventors and Inventions History of Technology Patents and Trademarks
1914 Mrs. L. A. Whitney Is the First Woman to Fly Aboard a Scheduled Airline (St. Petersburg to Tampa) Florida Aviation History Women Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1935 A.C. Hardy Patents the Spectrophotometer Massachusetts Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Spectroscopy History of Technology Patents and Trademarks
1937 3 Die When Seattle Streetcar Falls from Trestle Seattle, Washington Transportation Death History Link
1984 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Two in Indonesia Indonesia Earthquakes Death USGS
2001 Federal Government Imposes New Sanctions to Protect the Chinook Salmon in Washington's Puget Sound Washington U.S. Government Law and Legal Resources Chinook Salmon History Link

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