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1870 Ross Granville Harrison (Connecticut-born Embryologist) Ross Granville Harrison Medical Research Organ Transplants
1912 Horace Rains (Georgia-born African-American Physician) Horace Rains Health Care Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1879 Earthquake Strikes St. Augustine, Florida St. Augustine, Florida Earthquakes USGS
1880 A Fire at the St. Peter State Hospital in Minnesota, Kills 10-15 of the Resident Patients Minnesota Health Care Mental Health Fire Death Minnesota Historical Society
1903 Granville T. Woods Is Issued U.S. Patent #718,183 for an Electric Railway Switch Granville T. Woods The Railroad Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks African-American History St. Louis Public Library
1910 Enrico Caruso Is Broadcast Live from the New York Metropolitan Opera Enrico Caruso New York Metropolitan Opera Opera Radio History of Technology History Channel
1915 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Avezzano, Italy: 29,980 Die Italy Earthquakes Death USGS
1928 The First Experimental Television Program Is Broadcast to Schenectady, New York New York Television History of Technology Historic Firsts WGRB Albany
1937 The First Shipment of Gold Bullion Is Made to the Fort Knox Bullion Depository Kentucky Fort Knox Gold Historic Firsts U.S. Treasury
1942 Sikorsky XR-4, Single-Rotary Wing, Two-man Helicopter, Makes Its First Successful Flight Aviation History Historic Firsts NASA
Henry Ford Patents the Plastic Automobile Body Henry Ford Automobiles Plastics Patents and Trademarks History Channel
1953 Pravda Reports Arrest of Doctors for Intentionally Providing Harmful Treatments to Soviet Leaders Soviet Political and Social Leaders Medicine Journalism Cold War CNN
1960 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 57 in Southern Peru Peru Earthquakes Death USGS
1961 Convair B-58 Hustler Jet Bomber Breaks Six World Speed Records Aviation History Historic Firsts NASA
1976 First Computer Capable of Translating Printed Text into Speech Is Demonstrated History of Computer Technology Blindness Kurzweil Technologies
6.5 Magnitude Earthquake Leaves 150 Homeless in Iceland Iceland Earthquakes USGS
1978 NASA Selects Its First Women Astronauts Astronauts Women Historic Firsts NASA
1986 NASA Researchers Discover Uranus Moons Desdemona, Rosalind & Belinda Uranus NASA
1990 2.5 Magnitude Earthquake Is Largest in Maryland's Recorded History Maryland Earthquakes USGS
1993 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-54) on 6-Day Mission Space Exploration NASA
2001 Earthquake of 7.6 Magnitude Devastates El Salvador: 840 Die El Salvador Earthquakes Death USGS BBC

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