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India: Bhogi Pongal (north)/Makar Sankranti (south)
(Day 2 of 3-day festival celebrating the harvest and the Julian new year)
Makar Sankranti/Pongal
1842 Josef Breuer (Austrian Physician, Physiologist) Austrian Scientists and Mathematicians Medical Research
1877 Lewis M. Terman (Indiana-born Psychologist: Pioneer in the Identification of Children of High Intelligence) Lewis M. Terman Psychology Educational Testing
1895 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen (Finnish Biochemist: 1945 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Finnish Scientists & Mathematicians Biochemistry 1945 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1908 Edward Teller (Hungarian Physicist: "Father of the Hydrogen Bomb") Edward Teller Physics Nuclear Weapons
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1852 New York City's Mt Sinai Hospital Is Incorporated as the First Jewish Hospital in the United States New York City Medicine Historic Firsts Mt. Sinai Hospital Concordia
1861 Elisha Otis Is Issued a Patent for an Elevator Elisha Otis Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks Technology and Society
1909 A Motorized Hearse First Used in a Funeral Procession Automobile Death Historic Firsts The History Channel
1927 The First Automobile Traffic Crosses San Francisco Bay's Dumbarton Bridge San Francisco Bridges Automobile Historic Firsts Dumbarton Bridge The History Channel
1932 2" of Snow Fall in Los Angeles Los Angeles Snow Learn California
1934 8.4 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 10,700 in Bihar-Nepal, India India Earthquakes Death USGS
1943 Snowstorm Paralyzes Puget Sound War Industries Washington Snow Economics World War II History Link
1944 7.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 5,000 in Argentina Argentina Earthquakes Death USGS
1958 Anti-Nuclear Testing Petition Signed by 9,235 Scientists Is Presented to U.N. Linus Pauling United Nations Nuclear Weapons Nobel Foundation
1959 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Is Incorporated in Daytona Beach, Florida Daytona Beach, Florida Education Aviation History Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Florida Historical Society
1968 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 216 and Destroys Several Villages in Western Sicily Sicily Earthquakes Death USGS
1969 The First Pulsar Is Identified by University of Arizona Astronomers Arizona Pulsars Historic Firsts American Institute of Physics
Soviets Launch Soyuz 5 to Dock with Soyuz 4 Launched the Previous Day Soviet Space Program Space Exploration NASA
1972 The Temperature Near International Falls, Minnesota Is -53 F International Falls, Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1976 NASA Launches US-German Helios-B Deep Space Probe Germany Space Exploration Solar System NASA
1993 7.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 2 and Injures 614 in Japan's Hokkaido Region Japan Earthquakes Death USGS
1997 Space Shuttle Atlantis Completes Docking Procedure with Mir Space Station Russia Space Shuttle NASA

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