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JANUARY 17

1706 Benjamin Franklin (Massachusetts-born Scientist, Writer, Publisher, Statesman) Benjamin Franklin U.S. Colonial History Inventors and Inventions
1781 Robert Hare (Pennsylvania-born Chemist, Inventor of the First Blowtorch) Pennsylvania Scientists & Inventors Inventors and Inventions Chemistry Technology and Society
1886 Glenn "Cy" Martin (Iowa-born Inventor, Business Leader, Aviation Pioneer) Iowa Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Aviation Business
1899 Nevil Shute (English Author of On the Beach) English Authors and Illustrators Nuclear War
1927 Thomas Dooley (Missouri-born Medical Missionary in Southeast Asia) Missouri Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Professionals American Authors
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1773 Captain James Cook's Resolution First Ship to Cross the Antarctic Circle James Cook Naval History Antarctica NASA
1871 San Francisco's Andrew Smith Hallidie Patents the Cable Car San Francisco Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks Library of Congress
1882 Lewis Latimer Receives Patent for a Superior Light Bulb Carbon Filaments Lewis Lattimer The Light Bulb Patents and Trademarks African American Scientists & Mathematicians National Park Service
Leroy Firman Receives a Patent for the Telephone Switchboard Telephone Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks USPTO
1899 Gaston Chasseloup-Laubat Sets Land Speed Record in France (43.690 mph) France The Automobile University of  Miami
1901 In Alaska, a Post Office Is Established in Coppermount, Site of Alaska's Second Copper Smelter Alaska USPS Copper Alaska Historical Society
1903 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Hits the Andreanof Islands, Alaska Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1907 During a Prolonged Cold Spell, Residents of Adams, Oregon Hold Up an O.R. & N. Train and Seize a Carload of Coal Adams, Oregon Railroad Temperature Crime SalemOregon.com
1914 U.S. Prohibits Import & Export of Opium Except for Medicinal Purposes Illegal Drugs Legal Drugs and Medicines Laws and Legal Resources U.S. Treasury
1955 U.S.S. Nautilus Is Launched As the World's First Nuclear-Powered Submarine Submarines Nuclear Weapons Historic Firsts U.S. Navy Submarine Museum
1966 U.S. B-52 Accidentally Drops Three Hydrogen Bombs on Spain's Mediterranean Coast Spain Aviation History Cold War Nuclear Weapons History Channel
1976 NASA Launches Solar-Powered Communications Technology Satellite Space Exploration Technology Solar Energy NASA
1980 NASA Launches FLTSATCOM Communications Satellite for U.S. Air Force Space Exploration Technology NASA
1981 Snow Is Reported in Fort Lauderdale and Miami Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1982 The Temperature Falls to -52 F at Tower, Minnesota Tower, Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
The Temperature at Dover, Delaware Falls to a Record Low of -12 F Delaware Political and Social Leaders Temperature State of Delaware
1994 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills at Least 60 in the Los Angeles-Northridge Area Los Angeles Earthquakes Death BBC USGS
1995 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 5,502 in Kobe, Japan Japan Earthquakes Death BBC USGS
2000 British Firms Glaxo Wellcome & SmithKline Beecham Agree to Merge British Business Businesses & Corporations Medical Research GlaxoSmithKiline Marketplace

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