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JANUARY 19

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National Penguin Awareness Day Penguins
Ethiopia: Timket (Epiphany)
(Jan 18-20 three-day celebration of the Epiphany in accordance with the Julian calendar)
Ethiopia Religion Ethiopian River Valley of Safaris
1736 James Watt (Scottish Engineer, Pioneering Inventor of the Steam Engine) James Watt Physics The Steam Engine Electricity and Magnetism
1813 Henry Bessemer (English Engineer Who Invented an Iron Purification Process for Steel Production) Henry Bessemer Inventors & Inventions Iron
1837 William Keen (Pennsylvania-born Surgeon Who Performed the First Successful Operation on a Brain Tumor in the U.S.) Pennsylvania Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research The Brain
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1866 Smallpox Epidemic Causes Atlanta, Georgia to Built a Temporary Hospital Atlanta, Georgia Smallpox University of Georgia
1904 Thomas Edison Receives Patent #750,102 for an Electric Automobile Thomas Edison Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Inventors & Inventions The Automobile Electricity & Magnetism Rutgers University (pdf)
1909 Thomas Edison Receives Patent #909,877 for an Improvement to the Telegraph Thomas Edison Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Inventors & Inventions The Telegraph Rutgers University (pdf)
1915 Parisian Georges Claude Receives U.S. Patent #1,125,476 for Process to Make Neon Signs Claude Georges Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Neon American Sign Museum
1926 Radio Station WIOD Begins Broadcasting from Florida's Collins Island Near Miami Beach Florida's Jupiter Inlet District Radio WIOD Florida Historical Society
1937 Texas Millionaire Howard Hughes Breaks All Aviation Speed Distance Records Howard Hughes New York California Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1954 Patent 2,666,298 Is Issued to African-American Inventor, F.M. Jones, for a Defroster Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Inventors & Inventions Noted African Americans St. Louis Public Library
1961 NASA Selects Hughes Aircraft Co. to Build Seven Surveyor Spacecraft for Soft Lunar Landings Lunar Exploration Business NASA
1965 NASA Launches Unmanned Gemini 2 Test Spacecraft Space Exploration NASA
1975 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 42 in Tibet's Kashmir Border Region Tibet Earthquakes Death USGS
1978 The First of Three Storms Hits the Midwest U.S. in the Blizzard of '78 Illinois Indiana Kentucky Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin Snow Wind Ohio Historical Society
1981 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 305 in Indonesia Indonesia Earthquakes Death USGS
1994 Indianapolis, Indiana Experiences Its Lowest Temperature in Recorded History (-27 F) Indianapolis, Indiana Temperature Historic Firsts NOAA
1995 6.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 5 in Colombia Colombia Earthquakes Death USGS

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