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JANUARY 31

1920 Stewart Udall (Arizona-born U.S. Congressman, Secretary of the Interior) Stewart Udall President Kennedy President Lyndon Johnson U.S. House of Representatives U.S. Department of Interior Earth & Environmental Science
1929 Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer (German Physicist: 1961 Nobel Laureate for Physics) German Scientists and Mathematicians Physics 1961 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1605 Earthquake and Tsunami Cause 5,000 Deaths in Tokaido, Japan Japan Earthquake Tsunami Death USGS
1779 Charles Messier Adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to His Catalog French Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy SEDS
1862 Lincoln Approves Act Authorizing Him to Take Possession of Railroad and Telegraph Lines President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Railroads Telegraph Lincoln Logs
1893 Coca-Cola Trademark Is Registered for "Nutrient or Tonic Beverages" Patents and Trademarks Foods and Nutrition Coca-Cola USPTO
During a Blizzard, the Temperature Drops 40 Degrees in Five Hours at Park Rapids, Minnesota Park Rapids Snow Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1906 8.8 Earthquake Hits Ecuador Ecuador Earthquake USGS
1912 7.0 Earthquake Hits Prince William Sound, Alaska Prince William Sound, Alaska Earthquake USGS
1922 7.3 Earthquake Hits West of Eureka, California California Earthquake USGS
1950 President Truman Announces Order to Build the Hydrogen Bomb President Harry Truman Nuclear Weapons World History Truman Library History Channel
1951 F-51 Sets New London to New York Speed Record of 8 Hours and 55 Minutes London New York City Aviation History Historic Firsts Explorer I
1953 Hurricane-force Winds Burst Dikes and Flood the Netherlands: 1,800 Die The Netherlands Huirricanes Floods Death BBC
1955 RCA Demonstrates the First Music Synthesizer Music Sound RCA History of Technology
1958 The U.S. Launches Its First Satellite: Explorer I Space Exploration Historic Firsts Explorer I
1961 Chimpanzee Survives 16 minute 39 second Mercury 2 Suborbital Mission Unmanned Space Exploration Primates Mercury 2 Mission
1966 USSR Launches Luna 9 for Successful Unmanned Lunar Landing Soviet Space Program Space Exploration Lunar Space Exploration Zarya NASA
1968 U.S. Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Source Information from Geoscience Australia
1971 Apollo 14 Is Launched for Manned Lunar Landing Space Exploration Lunar Exploration Apollo 14 Mission Summary History Channel
1972 HEOS 2 Launched for International Study of Interplanetary Cosmic Particles. Space Exploration The Solar System NASA Satellite Mission Summaries
1984 U.S. Conducts 20 to 150 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Source Information from Geoscience Australia
1986 5.0 Earthquake Injures 17 People in Ohio Ohio Earthquake USGS
1991 6.6 Earthquake Kills 200-400 People in Afghanistan Afghanistan Earthquake Death USGS
1998 Space Shuttle STS-89 (Endeavour 12) Returns from 9-day MIR Docking Mission The Space Shuttle Soviet Space Program NASA STS-89 Mission Chronology

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