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FEBRUARY 9

1820 Peter M. Gideon (Ohio-born Horticulturist Who Specialized in Developing Hardy Varieties of Apples) Ohio Scientists and Mathematicians Trees Apples
1883 Garnet Carter (Tennessee-born Inventor of Miniature Golf) Tennessee Business Leaders Inventors & Inventions Golf
1910 Jacques Monod (French 1965 Nobel Laureate for Medicine and Physiology) Jacques Monod Medical Research The Cell 1965 Nobel Laureate for Medicine and Physiology
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1811 Nevil Maskelyne (England's Astronomer Royal for 46 Years) English Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Technology & Society Greenwich Guide
1865 James Melville Gilliss (Washington, D.C.-born Founder of the U.S. Naval Observatory) Washington, D.C. Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy U.S. Naval Observatory Technology & Society
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1720 Edmund Halley Is Appointed 2nd Astronomer Royal of England Edmund Halley Astronomy Cambridge University
1811 Robert Fulton Is Granted a Patent for the Practical Steamboat Robert Fulton Patents and Trademarks Inventors & Inventions Steamboat USPTO
1870 President Grant Signs Legislation Creating a U.S. Weather Bureau U.S. Congress Ulysses S. Grant Weather & Meteorology National Weather Service New York Times Wisconsin Historical Society
1899 Leech Lake, Minnesota Records a Temperature of -59 F Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1926 Atlanta Board of Education Votes to Prohibit Teaching Evolution in City Public Schools Atlanta, Georgia Education Evolution Atlanta Board of Education University of Georgia
1942 U.S. Clocks First Go Forward One Hour for Daylight-savings ''War Time'' World War II Time Historic Firsts History Channel
1950 Element #98, Californium (Cf), Discovered by Research Team at UC Berkeley Californium Glenn T. Seaborg University of Californium
1963 The First Boeing 727 Trijet Lifts Off from Seattle Seattle, Washington Aviation History Historic Firsts History Link
1967 6.75 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 98 in Colombia Colombia Earthquake Death USGS
Florida Begins a Record 768 Consecutive Days of Sunshine Florida Weather Florida Historical Society
1971 Apollo 14 Returns to Earth After Third Manned Moon Landing Apollo 14 Lunar Exploration New York Times
6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 65 in San Fernando, California San Fernando, California Earthquake Death San Fernando, California USGS
1973 Florida Receives Its First Measurable Snowfall in 15 Years Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1978 NASA Launches FLTSATCOM-1 Naval Communications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technology Naval History NASA
1991 Worst Nuclear Accident in Japanese History Occurs at Mihama: No Deaths Japan Nuclear Power Nuclear Files
1995 Two Astronauts Are First African-American and First Briton to Walk in Space Michael Foale Bernard Harris Astronauts African-American History BBC

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