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FEBRUARY 11

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United States: National Inventors' Day
(Observed in honor of the birth date of Thomas Edison: 02/11/1847)
Inventors and Invention Reagan Library and Museum
1800 William Henry Fox Talbot (English Photography Pioneer Who Invented Flash Photography and Photographic Negatives) English Artists & Photographers Photography Inventors and Inventions Biography.com
1839 Josiah Willard Gibbs (Connecticut-born Theoretical Physicist, Chemist) Josiah Willard Gibbs Physics Chemistry
1847 Thomas Edison (Ohio-born Inventor, Entrepreneur) Thomas Edison Light Bulb Phonograph
1898 Leo Szilard (Hungarian-American Physicist) Leo Szilard Physics
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1976 Alexander Martin Lippisch (German Aviation Engineer) German Scientists & Mathematicians Aviation Center for the Study of Technology & Society
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1808 A Local Judge in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania First Shows That Anthracite Coal Can Be Burned As Fuel Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania Energy Historic Firsts Wilkes-Barre Township
1809 Robert Fulton Receives His First Patent for Improvements in Steam Navigation Robert Fulton Patents and Trademarks The Steamboat Virtualology
1854 San Francisco Gas Company Illuminates Its First 86 Coal Gas Lamps and the Metropolitan Theatre California San Francisco Light Virtual Museum of  San Francisco
1859 In Jacksonville, Illinois, Abraham Lincoln Delivers a Lectures on "Discoveries and Inventions" to Phi Alpha Society of Illinois College Jacksonville, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Inventors and Inventions Illinois College Lincoln Logs
1891 In Minnesota, the Duluth, Missabe and Northern Railroad Is Established to Carry Iron Ore from the Mesabi Range to Lake Superior Ports Minnesota Railroad Iron Business Minnesota Historical Society
1933 President Franklin Roosevelt Creates the Death Valley National Monument Death Valley National Monument President Franklin Roosevelt Creates the Death Valley National Monument National Park Service Learn California
1952 An Avalanche Kills 20 Sleeping Tourists, Injuring 10, at the Austrian Ski Resort of Melkoede Austria Skiing Avalanche Death History Channel
1970 Japan Is the Fourth Country to Put a Satellite into Orbit Japan Space History Channel
1973 The National Inventor's Hall of Fame Is Founded Inventors and Inventions National Inventor's Hall of Fame Is Founded USPS
1974 NASA Test Launch of the Titan 3E/Centaur (TC-1) Rocket Fails and Self Destructs 748 Seconds After Liftoff Space Exploration NASA
1984 Space Shuttle Challenger Lands at Cape Canaveral, Florida, After Completing the First Untethered Space Walks Cape Canaveral, Florida The Space Shuttle NASA Florida Historical Society
1987 U.S. Conducts an Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1994 Space Shuttle (STS-60: Discovery) Lands: First Crew with Russian Cosmonaut The Space Shuttle Russian Space Program NASA Historic Firsts
1995 Space Shuttle (STS-63: Discovery) Lands after Completing First MIR Fly-by The Space Shuttle Russian Space Program NASA
1997 Space Shuttle (STS-82: Discovery) Is Launched: Hubble Service Mission The Space Shuttle Hubble Telescope NASA
1999 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 70 People in Afghanistan, Injuring 500, Leaving 14,000 Homeless Afghanistan Earthquake Death USGS
2000 Space Shuttle Endeavor (STS-99) Is Launched on 11-day Mission to Complete Mapping the Earth's Surface with Radar Instruments The Space Shuttle Earth Science Maps NASA

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