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FEBRUARY 12

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Darwin Day
(Commemoration of the birth date of Charles Darwin: 02/12/1809)
Charles Darwin Evolution Darwin Day Web Site
1585 Caspar Bartholin (Danish Physician; Pioneer in Human Anatomy) Danish Scientists & Mathematicians Human Anatomy
1809 Charles Darwin (English Founder of the Modern Theory of Evolution) Charles Darwin Evolution
1888 James Field Smathers (Texas-born Inventor of the Electric Typewriter) Texas Scientists and Inventors Inventors and Inventions Texas State  Historical Association
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1875 Meteor Strikes the Ground Near Amana, Iowa Leaving 800 Pounds of Meteorites Amana, Iowa Meteors Iowa Historical Society
1877 The Telephone Is First Used to Transmit a News Dispatch from Salem, Massachusetts to the Boston Globe Newspaper Office Massachusetts Telephone The Boston Globe History of Technology Historic Firsts IEEE Communications  Society
1899 In Florida, Temperature Reaches -2 F in Tallahassee and 4" of Snow Fall in Lake Butler Florida Temperature Snow Florida Historical Society
-23 F in Tulia, Texas Sets State Record Low Temperature; 40,000 Cattle Die Overnight Across the State Texas Temperature Cattle Death Texas State  Historical Association
1900 J.W. Packard Receives His First Automotive Patent James Ward Packard Automobiles Inventors and Inventions Patents & Trademarks The History Channel
1908 The First Around-the-World Auto Race (New York to Paris) Auto Race Begins New York City Paris Auto Racing Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1914 Port Angeles, Washington Receives Its First Electrical Power Port Angeles, Washington Electricity Historic Firsts History Link
1929 Colorado, Texas and New Mexico Sign the Rio Grande Compact, Placing a 5-year Moratorium on Water Projects Colorado Texas New Mexico Historic U.S. Documents Water Earth & Environmental Science New Mexico Magazine
1935 Two Die When the US Navy Dirigible, USS Macon Crashes Off the Coast of Southern California California Dirigible Death Learn California
1939 3,000 People Safely Evacuate the Amphitheatre in Duluth, Minnesota Seconds Before Heavy Snow Collapses the Roof Duluth, Minnesota Architecture Snow Minnesota Historical Society
1950 Georgetown, Delaware's Mayor Makes the First Telephone Call over the Town's New Dial System Georgetown, Delaware Telephone Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1954 Atomic Energy Authority Is Established to Control British Production and Development of Atomic Energy British Government Atomic Energy BCC
1957 General Electric Announces Borazon, a Diamond-Tough Synthetic Material General Electric Organic Chemistry Diamonds Technology and Society
1976 U.S. Conducts 200 to 1000 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nuclear Weapons NV Geoscience Australia
1982 U.S. Conducts Two : 20 to 150 kT Underground Nuclear Tests in Nevada Nuclear Weapons NV Geoscience Australia
1997 State of Texas Launches Antitrust Investigation of Microsoft's Internet Software Business Practices Texas Bill Gates Internet Anti-trust Law MIT
2001 NASA Space Probe NEAR Lands on the Asteroid Eros NASA Asteroids Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (pdf)
Federal Court Rules That Internet Music Service Napster Must Halt Free Exchange of Copyrighted Materials on Its Web site The Internet Copyright Law and Legal Resources Court TV
2006 27" Snowfall Most in New York City's Recorded History New York City Snow Historic Firsts CNN

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