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FEBRUARY 13

1766 Thomas Malthus (English Economist) Thomas Malthus Economics
1910 William Shockley (California-born co-Inventor of the Transistor; 1956 Nobel Laureate for Physics) William Shockley Inventors and Inventions The Transistor 1956 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1633 Galileo Galilei Arrives in Rome for His Trial Before the Inquisition Italy Galileo Galilei Astronomy Catholicism Law and Legal Resources Concordia
1713 Smallpox Epidemic Sweeps through the Indigenous People of Southern Africa's Cape Peninsula Africa Smallpox Death South African History
1837 The Delaware Academy of Natural Sciences Is Founded in Wilmington Wilmington, Delaware Science State of Delaware
1895 Lumiere Brothers Granted French Patent for First Movie Projectors France Film Patents and Trademarks History of Technology Historic Firsts Institut Lumière
1899 A Record Low Temperature for Louisiana Is Set in Minden (-16 F) Minden, Louisiana Temperature Minden, Louisiana Historic Firsts Historic Louisiana
1909 President Theodore Roosevelt Establishes Superior National Forest Minnesota Parks President Theodore Roosevelt Trees Superior National Forest Minnesota Historical Society
1918 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills at 10,000 in China China Earthquakes Death USGS
1948 The Articles of Incorporation for the Potato Growers of Wisconsin Are Recognized by the Secretary of State Wisconsin Business Farming & Agriculture Business Wisconsin Potato and Vegetable Growers Association Wisconsin Historical Society
1951 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Hits the Alaskan Peninsula Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1958 Tallahassee, Florida Receives a Record 2.8 Inches of Snow Tallahassee, Florida Tallahassee, Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1960 France Conducts First Nuclear Test in Algeria (20 - 200kT atmospheric) France Algeria Nuclear Weapons Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1966 Soviets Conduct 125kT Underground Nuclear Test in Kazakhstan Nuclear Weapons The Soviet Union Kazakhstan Geoscience Australia
1973 President Nixon Raises the Official U.S. Gold Price from $38.00/ounce to $42.22/ounce President Richard Nixon Gold Economics U.S. Treasury
1978 U.S. Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nuclear Weapons Nevada Geoscience Australia
1979 West Half of Washington's Hood Canal Bridge Collapses in 85-120 mph Winds Washington Bridges Washington Department of Transportation History Link
1997 Space Shuttle (STS-82: Discovery) Astronauts "Fine Tune" Hubble Telescope The Space Shuttle Hubble Telescope NASA
2001 6.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills at Least 315 in El Salvador El Salvador Earthquakes Death USGS

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