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FEBRUARY 16

1822 Francis Galton (English Scientist, Explorer, Biometrician) English Scientists & Mathematicians Evolution Hurricanes & Cyclones
1908 Elizabeth Cooper (Pennsylvania-born Children's Science Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Science
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
2001 William H. Masters (Ohio-born Medical Researcher: Masters and Johnson) Ohio Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research
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1880 American Society of Mechanical Engineers Holds First Meeting in New York City American Scientists & Mathematicians American Society of Mechanical Engineers
1892 Thomas Edison Is Issued a Patent for a Commutator Brush in Electric Motors Thomas Edison Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Electricity Rutgers University (pdf)
1897 P. Walker Receives Patent 577,153 for a Cotton Machine for Cleaning Seed Farming & Agriculture Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights African-American Scientists & Inventors St. Louis Public Library
1903 The California Golden Poppy, Eschsholtzia Californica, Is Declared the State's Official Flower California California Golden Poppy LearnCalifornia
1906 Astronomer August Kopff Discovers Asteroid 585 Bilkis German Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Asteroids NASA
Astronomer Joel Metcalf Discovers Asteroids 602 Marianna, 603 Timandra and 604 Tekmessa Pennsylvania Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Asteroids NASA
1917 West Virginia's Colored Tuberculosis Sanitarium Is Established at Denmar in Pocahontas County Pocahontas County, West Virginia Tuberculosis Racism African-American Heritage WEst Virginia Archives
1923 Archaeologist Howard Carter Opens Doorway to King Tut's Burial Chamber Howard Carter Tomb of King Tutankamun Archaeology New York Times
1932 James Markham Receives First Fruit Tree Patent for a Peach Tree Trees Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Historic Firsts U.S. Patent Office
1937 Du Pont Research Chemist, Wallace H. Carothers, Receives Patent for Nylon Trademarks and Patents Synthetic Polymers DuPont Technology and Society
1946 Inaugural Flight Is Made of the First Commercial Helicopter, the Sikorsky S51 Aviation History Historic Firsts Royal Australian Air Force Museum
1948 Astronomer Gerard Kuiper Discovers the Uranian Moon Miranda Gerard Kuiper Space and Astronomy Uranus NASA
1955 General Electric Laboratories Announce Production of Synthetic Diamond General Electric Diamonds Historic Firsts LeMoyne University
1960 U.S. Nuclear Submarine Triton Begins Underwater Round-the-world Trip Submarines Cold War U.S. Navy
1965 NASA Launches the First Pegasus Satellite to Study Potential Hazards to the Apollo Moon Missions Space Exploration NASA Florida Historical Society
1968 Nation's First 911 Emergency Telephone System Inaugurated in Haleyville, AL Alabama Telephone Health Care Crime Historic Firsts Court TV
1972 British Miners' Strike Turns off the Lights Great Britain Labor Energy BBC Greenwich Guide
1979 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 14 in Peru Peru Earthquake Death USGS
1994 First Successful Fetal Surgery Performed without Opening the Mother's Body Medical Research Historic Firsts Vanderbilt
2005 Provisions of the Kyoto Environmental Protocol Are Placed into Effect Kyoto Protocol National Public Radio

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