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MARCH 12

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Taiwan: Arbor Day
(Commemorates the death of Sun Yat-sen: 3/12/1925)
Taiwan Sun Yat-sen Arbor Day Taiwan Headlines
1790 John Frederic Daniell (English Meteorologist, Inventor) English Scientists Meteorology Inventors and Inventions Center of the Study of Technlogy and Society
1824 Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (Russian Physical Chemist, Spectroscoper) Gustav Robert Kirchhoff Physics Spectroscopy Cesium Rubidium
1838 William Henry Perkin (English Chemist Who Discovered the First Artificial Dye) English Scientists Chemistry Center of the Study of Technlogy and Society
1925 Leo Esaki (Japanese Physicist: 1973 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Japanese Scientists Physics 1973 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1898 Johann Jakob Balmer (Swiss Physical Chemist, Spectroscoper) Johann Jakob Balmer Physics Spectroscopy
1914 George Westinghouse (New York-born Inventor, Manufacturer, Founder of the Westinghouse Corporation) New York Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors Businesses & Corporations
1935 Michael Pupin (Austrian-American Inventor, Pioneer in Telephony and Telegraphy) Austrian Scientists and Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Telegraph Telephone
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1610 Galileo Publishes Sidereus Nuncius Announcing Discovery of 4 Moons of Jupiter Italian Scientists and Mathematicians Galileo Galilei Jupiter Space & Astronomy University of Cambridge
1737 Galileo's Body Is Moved to the Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy Italian Scientists and Mathematicians Galileo Galilei NASA
1862 Arrival of the Steamship Brother Jonathan in Victoria, British Columbia Triggers Smallpox Epidemic That Kills 14,000 Native Americans Victoria, British Columbia Naval History Smallpox Native American Heritage Death History Link
1864 Residents of Portland, Oregon Celebrate the Arrival of Telegraph Service to the City Portland, Oregon The Telegraph SalemOregon.com
1888 A 36-Hour Blizzard Dumps 40" of Snow on New York City, Causing the Deaths of 400+ People NYC Snow Death Writer's Almanac History Channel
1908 Frederick Walker "Casey" Baldwin Is the First Canadian to Fly an Airplane Taking Off From Frozen Lake Keuka Canadian Explorers and Aviators Aviation History Historic Firsts Center of the Study of Technlogy and Society
1923 Phonofilm Is Demonstrated as the First Film Capable of Taping Sound Film Sound Historic Firsts History Channel
1928 The Los Angles St. Francis Dam Gives Way, Killing 500+ Los Angeles Dams Water Death University of Southern California
1934 The Largest Earthquake in Utah History (6.54) Occurs in Hansel Valley Utah Earthquakes USGS
1953 James Watson Writes a Letter to Max Delbruck Describing the Structure of DNA James Watson DNA Oregon State University
1954 Southwestern Minnesota Experiences a Yellow Snowstorm Caused by Dust From Texas Minnesota Texas Snow Wind Earth Science Minnestoa Historical Society
1957 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Occurs Off Alaska's Andreanof Islands Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1963 Seattle Voters Reject Proposal to Fluoridate the City's Drinking Water Seattle, Washington Voting Water Fluorine History Link
1965 U.S. Air Force Launches Photo-Surveillance Satellite from California's Vandenberg AFB California Space Exploration The Cold War NASA
1966 U.S. Conducts 20 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Geoscience Australia
1968 U.S. Conducts 1.1 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Geoscience Australia
1974 Due to Concerns About the Safety of School Children, Michigan Exempts Itself from Federal Daylight Savings Time Michigan State Government Time Zones Education State of Michigan
1988 Sudden Hail Storm Creates Stampede at Katmandu Soccer Match: 70 Die, Hundreds Are Injured Nepal Soccer Storms Death History Channel
1993 Three-Day Superstorm Begins That Will Paralyze the Eastern Half of the U.S.: 270 Die Storms Snow Death Weather Channel (pdf) University of Illinois
2002 Shuttle Columbia (STS-109) Lands Completing 11-day Hubble Service Mission Space Shuttle Hubble Telescope NASA

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