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1858 Rudolf Diesel (German Thermal Engineer Who Invented the Internal-Combustion Engine) Rudolf Diesel Automobiles Inventors and Invention
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1718 While in Belgrade, the Infant Son of Lady Mary Wortley Montague Is the First English Subject to be Inoculated Against Smallpox England Small Pox Historic Firsts Chambers Book of Days
1834 Construction of the First Railroad Tunnel in the U.S., the 901' Staple Bend Tunnel, Is Completed Near Johnstown, Pennsylvania Johnstown, Pennsylvania Railroad Historic Firsts National Railway Historical Society, Inc. (pdf)
1853 A Train From Toledo, Ohio Is the First to Reach Richmond, Indiana Toledo, Ohio Richmond, Indiana Railroad Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1870 California Legislature Establishes Lake Merritt as First US Wildlife Preserve California Animals Parks Historic Firsts Lake Merritt Institute
1909 Einar Dessau of Denmark Uses a Shortwave Transmitter to Converse with a Government Post 6 Miles Away, Initiating the First "Ham" Broadcast Denmark Radio Historic Firsts New York Times
1918 The Wilson & Sylvester Sawmill at Wrangell, the Largest Mill in Alaska, Burns Wrangell, Alaska Trees Fire Alaska Historical Society
1925 Over a 3-hour Period, a Tornado Hits Missouri, Indiana, Illinois: 689 Die, 13,000 Injured Missouri Indiana Illinois Tornados Death Writer's Almanac History Chanel
1931 Schick Inc. Markets the First Electric Razor Business Electricity Historic Firsts Schick Technologies New York Times
1953 A 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1070 People in West Turkey Turkey Earthquake Death USGS
1963 France Conducts 20 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Algeria France Algeria Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
1965 Russian Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov Takes the First Space Walk Space Exploration Soviet Space Program Historic Firsts NASA New York TimesA
Near Pretoria, South Africa's First Nuclear Reactor Goes Critical Pretoria, South Africa Nuclear Energy Historic Firsts South African History
1967 Tanker Wrecks off England's Coast, Spilling 919,000 Barrels of Oil Great Britain Earth & Environmental Science Oceans Naval History BBC
1976 Georgia Adopts As State Symbols: Staurolite (Mineral), Shark Tooth (Fossil), Quartz (Gem) Georgia Government Geology Fossils University of Georgia
1977 A 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered About 300 Kilometers Northeast of Manila in the Philippines Philippines Earthquake USGS
1987 U.S. Conducts 20 KT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
1989 Space Shuttle Discovery Returns from Six-day Satellite Deployment Mission Space Shuttle NASA
1994 Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-62) Lands from 14-day Scientific Mission Space Shuttle NASA
1995 Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS 67) Lands after 16-day Astro Observatory Mission Space Shuttle Astronomy NASA

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