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1845 Wilhelm Konrad Röntgen (German Physicist: 1901 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Wilhelm Konrad Röntgen Physics X-Rays and Radiation 1901 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1847 Otto Wallach (German Chemist: 1910 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) German Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry 1910 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1910 John Pierce (Iowa-born "Father of Communications Satellites") Iowa Space Exploration Radio Television
1944 Nancy Goor (Washington, D.C.-born Health Expert, Children's Author) Washington, D.C. Authors American Artists Medicine and Health Care
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1968 Yuri Gagarin (Russian Cosmonaut: First Man in Space) Soviet Space Program Space Exploration
1972 Maurits C Escher (Dutch Artist) M.C. Escher Puzzles Mathematics Art
1841 New York City's First Steam-Powered Fire Engine Is Demonstrated at City Hall Park New York City Fire Steam Engines Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1850 The Hildreth Brothers Strike Gold and Establish What Will Become Columbia, California Columbia, California Gold California Gold Rush Columbia, California Chamber of Commerce
1884 First Long Distance Call Is Made between Boston and New York City Long Distance Telephone Service Historic Firsts New York Times
1914 World's First Blood Transfusion Is Performed at the Hôpital Saint-Jean in Brussels, Belgium Belgium Medical Research Blood Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
1933 Polythene (Polyethylene) Is Discovered by English Researchers, Reginald Gibson & Eric Fawcett English Scientists & Mathematicians Polymers British Science Museum
1941 State of Georgia Makes It a Felony to Endanger Another Person with a Poisonous Snake Georgia Government Law Snakes University of Georgia
1945 Germans Launch Last V-2's into England & Belgium: 200 Die England Belgium Germany War World War II History Channel
1958 The U.S. Air Force White Alice Communications System (WACS) Begins Operation in Alaska Alaska Cold War History of Technology U.S. Air Force Alaska Historical Society
1960 U.S. Navy Test-fires a Polaris Submarine-launched Missile off the coast of Cocoa Beach, Florida Cocoa Beach, Florida Submarines Nuclear Weapons Florida Historical Association
1964 9.2 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Alaska (largest ever in the U.S.): 15 Die Prince William Sound Earthquake Earthquakes Death Writer's Almanac USGS
A Tsunami Destroys the Alaskan Towns of Seward and Valdez Alaska Tsunamis Death National Public Radio Learn California
1969 NASA Launches the Mariner 7 Spacecraft to Study the Surface and Atmosphere of Mars Space Exploration Mars Exploration NASA
1970 Georgia Passes Its First Legislation to Protect the State's Coastal Wetlands Georgia Government Law Wetlands University of Georgia
USSR Conducts 20 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Geoscience Australia
1977 Two Boeing 747s Collide on Canary Island Runway: 542 Die Spain Aviation Disasters Death History Channel BBC Technology and Society
1980 After 123 Years of Inactivity, Steam Explosions Blast a Crater through Mt. St. Helen's Summit Washington Mt. St. Helens Volcanoes USGS
123 Die When a North Sea Oil Platform Collapses Oceans Business Death BBC
1984 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered Near the North Coast of Papua New Guinea New Guinea Earthquakes USGS
1994 Piedmont, Alabama Church Collapses in Tornado: 20 Die Tornados Alabama Death NOAA

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