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1813 James McCune Smith (New York City-born Doctor; First African American to Practice Medicine with a Medical Degree) New York City Scientists and Mathematicians Medicine African-American Scientists and Mathematicians African-American Registry
1817 George Henry Lewes (English Philosopher, Critic, Actor, Scientist and Editor) English Political and Social Leaders Philosopher English Authors English Performing Artists English Scientists and Mathematicians
1905 George Herbert Hitchings (Washington-born 1988 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) George Herbert Hitchings Medical Research 1988 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1955 Albert Einstein (German-American Physicist: Cited by TIME Magazine as the Most Important Person of the 20th Century) Albert Einstein Physics Space and Cosmology 1921 Nobel Laureate in Physics
1820 Soldiers at Fort St. Anthony View Minnesota's First Officially Recorded Tornado, Which Damages the Barracks Roof Minnesota Forts Tornado Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1880 Tornadoes Kill 151 People in Missouri, 99 in the Town of Marshfield Marshfield, Missouri Tornadoes Death History Channel
1906 7.8 Magnitude Earthquake Levels San Francisco: 3,000+ Die 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Earthquake Death The History Channel Writer's Almanac USGS
1916 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Fox Islands Alaska Earthquake USGS
1922 Jack Johnson, the First African-American World Heavyweight Boxing Champion, Patents a Wrench Texas Sports Figures Boxing Hall of Fame Inventors & Inventions African-American Scientists and Inventors Technology and Society African-American Registry
1942 General Electric Tests the First Jet Engine Built in the United States Aviation Military History Historic Firsts General Electric Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1960 Thousands Protest Nuclear Weapons in London's Trafalgar Square London, England Nuclear Weapons BBC
1975 State of Georgia Declares the Honeybee to Be Its Official Insect Georgia's Official Insect Honeybee University of Georgia
1985 5.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 23, Injures 300 in China's Yunnan Province China Earthquake Death USGS
1993 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 6 in Peru Peru Earthquake Death USGS

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