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MAY 5

1574 William Oughtred (British Mathematician; Inventor of the Slide Rule) British Scientists and Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Mathematics Technology and Society
1861 Peter Cooper Hewitt (New York City Electrical Engineer; Inventor of the Mercury-vapor Lamp) New York City Scientists and Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Light Mercury
1892 Dorothy Garrod (British Archaeologist) British Scientists and Mathematicians Archaeology
1921 Arthur L. Schawlow (New York-born Inventor of the Laser; 1981 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Arthur L. Schawlow Physics Laser Inventors and Inventions 1981 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1809 Connecticut's Mary Kies Is the First Woman to Receive a U.S. Patent: "Weaving Straw with Silk or Thread" Connecticut Scientists & Inventors American Women of Science Patents and Trademarks Inventors and Inventions Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1832 U.S. Law Includes First Smallpox Vaccinations for Native Americans U.S. Government Native-American Heritage Smallpox Law Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
1848 The Arrival of the Steamboat Zephyr Links Philadelphia with Dona Landing 6 Miles East of Dover on the Delaware Bay Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Dover, Delaware Steamboats Rivers State of Delaware
1880 Lightning Strikes the Faribault Gasworks, Destroying 1,000 Gallons of Naphtha Used to Power the City's Gaslights Faribault, Minnesota Storms Organic Chemistry Minnesota Historical Society
1939 University of Texas Telescope Is Dedicated at the McDonald Observatory Texas Education Telescopes and Observatories McDonald Observatory Texas State Historical Association
1945 A Japanese Balloon Bomb Explodes on Gearhart Mountain, Oregon, Killing Six Japan Oregon Hot Air Balloons World War II Death New York Times
1961 Astronaut Alan Shepard Is the First American in Space (15-Minute Suborbital Flight) Alan Shepard Space Exploration Historic Firsts NASA BBC Florida Historical Society
1967 NASA Launches Ariel 3, the Ever all-British Satellite Great Britain Space Exploration Historic Firsts NASA BBC
1986 5.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 15, Injures 100 and Damages 4,000 Houses in Turkey Turkey Earthquake Death USGS

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