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MAY 12

1820 Florence Nightingale (English Humanitarian, Medical Pioneer and Statistician) Florence Nightingale Medicine Statistics Crimean War
1874 Baron Clemens von Pirquet (Austrian Physician; Devised a Skin Test for Tuberculosis) Austrian Scientists and Mathematicians Tuberculosis
1906 William Maurice Ewing (Texas-born Geophysicist and Oceanographer) Texas Scientists and Mathematicians Oceanography Geology Earthquakes
1910 Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (English-born 1964 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin Crystallography 1964 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1936 Frank Stella (Massachusetts-born Author) Frank Stella Birds
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1848 In San Francisco, Owner of the General Store at Sutter's Mill Announces the Finding of Gold at the Mill San Francicso, California Gold California Gold Rush Learn California
1898 Dr. Charles C. Georgeson Arrives in Sitka to Begin the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Experiment Station Program in Alaska Sitka, Alaska Farming & Agriculture USDA Alaska Historical Society
1911 The Wolverine Transcontinental Autocar Completes a 6-day Trip From San Francisco, California to Portland, Oregon San Francisco, California Portland, Oregon Automotives SalemOregon.com
1913 Martin Block Coal Co. of Numa, Iowa Produces a 2,445 Pound Block of Coal Numa, Iowa Business State Historical Society of Iowa
1926 Roald Amundsen, Umberto Nobile, Lincoln Ellsworth Cross North Pole in Airship Roald Amundsen The Arctic Aviation History Century of  Flight
1930 Chicago's Adler Planetarium Opens as First Planetarium in Western Hemisphere Chicago Astronomy Historic Firsts Adler Planetarium
1955 New York City's Last Elevated Subway Train Is Shut Down New York City Transportation New York State Historical Society
1958 USSR Launches Sputnik III Soviet Space Program Space Exploration NASA
1959 75-mph Winds Block Out the Sun by Blowing Thick Clouds of Dust Across Northern Minnesota Minnesota Wind Minnesota Historical Society
1971 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Occurs 220 Miles Southwest of Ankara, Turkey Ankara, Turkey Earthquakes Death USGS
1978 U.S. Will No Longer Name Hurricanes Just for Women U.S. Government Hurricanes Women Writer's Almanac
1980 The First Successful Transcontinental Balloon Crossing Is Completed in Quebec The United States Canada Aviation History Historic Firsts TV News Archive
2008 7.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Thousands in Eastern Szechuan China China Earthquakes Death USGS CNN

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