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MAY 15

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Japan: Festival of Aoi Matsuri (Hollyhock Festival)
Japan Botany Ajinomoto
1821 Johann Josef Loschmidt (German Organic Chemist) German Scientists and Mathematicians Organic Chemistry
1845 Elie Metchnikoff (Russian Zoologist, Microbiologist; 1908 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Russian Scientists Biology 1908 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1859 Pierre Curie (French Chemist; Husband of Marie Curie; 1903 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Pierre Curie Polonium Curium 1903 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1899 William Hume-Rothery (English-born Founder of Metallurgy) English Scientists Metals
1915 Paul Samuelson (Indiana-born 1970 Nobel Laureate for Economics) Paul Samuelson Economists 1970 Nobel Laureate for Economics
1934 Alvin Francis Poussaint (New York City-born African-American Psychiatrist, Educator, Author) Alvin Francis Poussaint Bill Cosby Mental Health Psychology Child Advocacy African-American Studies
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1618 Johannes Kepler Proves His Third Law Relating the Periods of Planetary Orbits to Their Radii Johannes Kepler The Solar System Physics University of St. Andrews
1879 Atlanta's First Telephone Exchange Opens with Ten Telephones Connected to the Kimball House Hotel Switchboard Atlanta, Georgia Telephone Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1880 West Virginia's First Telephone Exchange Opens in Wheeling Wheeling, West Virginia Telephone Historic Firsts West Virginia
1896 Tornado Kills 78 in Sherman, Texas Sherman, Texas Tornados Death Sherman, Texas History Channel
1908 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered in the Gulf of Alaska Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1918 Experimental U.S. Airmail Service Begins between Washington, D.C., Philadelphia and New York City Washington, D.C. Philadelphia New York City U.S. Postal Service Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times New York Historical Society
1922 WDAE Radio in Tampa Is Licensed As Florida's First Commercial Radio Station Florida Media Radio WDAE Florida Historical Society
Tusco the Elephant Escapes From His Circus Keepers, Creating Mayhem in Sedro-Woolley, Washington Seattle, Washington Elephants Circus History Link
1923 Trademark Is Registered for Listerine Patents & Trademarks Business and Economics USPTO
1926 The Dirgible Norge with Roald Amundsen on Board Arrives at Teller, Alaska, After Flying over the North Pole From Norway Arctic Roald Amundsen Teller, Alaska Dirgible Alaska Historical Society
1929 Elba and Other Alabama Towns Under as Much as 15 Feet of Flood Water Elba, Alabama Floods Elba, Alabama Alabama Archives
1930 Ellen Church Is the First Flight Attendant/Nurse Aviation History Medical Professionals Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1940 Du Pont Launches the First Sale of Nylon Stockings in the U.S. and Sells Nearly 4M Pairs in 4 Days Du Pont Polymers Women Consumer Economics New York Times State of Delaware
1957 Great Britain Tests Its First Hydrogen Bomb over Christmas Island Great Britain Nuclear Weapons Historic Firsts BBC
1963 NASA Launches Astronaut Gordon Cooper Aboard Last Project Mercury Flight Gordon Cooper Space Exploration NASA
1966 NASA Launches Nimbus 2 Meteorological Research-and-Development Satellite Space Exploration Meteorology NASA
1968 Tornado Strikes Jonesboro Arkansas: 34 Die Arkansas Tornados Death NOAA
1969 The Nuclear Submarine Guitarro Sinks While Docked at the San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard San Francisco Submarines Nuclear Weapons U.S. Navy
Synnes Township in Stevens County, Minnesota Receives 8" of Rain in 3 Hours Stevens County, Minnesota Storms Minnesota Historical Society
1992 6.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 3 and Destroys 5,500 Homes in Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Earthquakes Death USGS
1997 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-84) to Dock with Soviet Space Station MIR Space Shuttle Soviet Space Program NASA
2001 Runaway 3,000 Hp Locomotive with 47 Cars Travels 66 Miles through Ohio Before Being Stopped Ohio Railroads Technology and Society

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