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OCTOBER 12

1858 Isaac Newton Lewis (Pennsylvania-born Military Officer and Inventor) Pennsylvania Scientists & Inventors U.S. Military Inventors & Inventions
1860 Elmer Sperry (New York-born Engineer, Inventor of the Gyro Compass) Elmer Sperry Inventors & Inventions
1865 Arthur Harden (English-born 1929 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Arthur Harden Enzymes 1929 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1885 William Samuel Quinland (Antigua-born African-American Pathologist) Antiguan Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research Anatomy African-American Scientists & Mathematicians Intellihealth
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1914 Margaret Knight (Maine-born Inventor and Owner of 27 patents) Maine Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks California State University Pamona
1915 Edith Cavell (English Nurse Executed by the German Army - Some Sources Indicate Oct 11) Germany Great Britain Edith Cavell World War I
1965 Paul Hermann Müller (Swiss-born 1948 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Swiss Scientists & Inventors Medical Research 1948 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
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1773 The First American Hospital Devoted Exclusively to the Care of the Mentally Ill Opens in Williamsburg, Virginia Williamsburg, Virginia Health Care Mental Health Historic Firsts Eastern State Hospital Virginia Historical Society
1850 Female Medical College of Pennsylvania Opens to 40 Students and 6 Faculty Pennsylvania Medicine Women Historic Firsts Homéopathe International
1892 The First Car of Iron Ore from Mountain Iron, Minnesota Arrives at the Assay Office in Duluth Mountain Iron, Minnesota Iron Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1915 Germans Execute Edith Cavell, an English Nurse Germany Great Britain Edith Cavell World War I Death
1920 Construction Begins on Holland Tunnel Connecting New York City & New Jersey New Jersey New York City Automobiles Lower Manhattan Construction Control Center
1928 First Iron Lung Is Used with Polio Victim at Boston's Children's Hospital Massachusetts Polio The Standard Times Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1962 Hurricane-Type Storm with 150 mph Winds Kills 45 People from San Francisco to Vancouver, British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia San Francisco Oregon Washington Storms Winds Death HistoryLink
1964 Soviets Launch Voskhod I, First Space Capsule to Carry Three People Voskhod I Space Exploration Historic Firsts
1967 English Zoologist Desmond Morris' The Naked Ape Goes on Sale English Authors Evolution Literature BBC
1984 President Reagan's Executive Order Creates National Commission on Space President Ronald Reagan Space Exploration National Archives
1992 5.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 541, Injures Thousands in Cairo, Egypt Egypt Earthquake Death USGS
2001 NBC News Staff Exposed to Anthrax from Letter Addressed to Anchor, Tom Brokaw NBC Anthrax Terrorism CNN

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