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NOVEMBER 1

1815 Crawford W. Long (Georgia-born Physician/Pioneer of Anesthesia: Namesake of Crawford County, Georgia) Georgia Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research University of Georgia
1828 Balfour Stewart (Scottish Physicist) Scottish Scientists & Mathematicians Meteorology Physics
1848 Israel Charles White (West Virginia-born Geologist) West Virginia Scientists & Mathematicians Geology West Virginia State Archives
1880 Alfred Wegener (German Meteorologist and Geophysicist) German Scientists & Mathematicians Meteorology Physics
1885 Anton Flettner (German Inventor) German Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors and Invention
1899 Gavin de Beer (English Zoologist, Author) English Scientists & Mathematicians Biology English Authors
1946 Brian Heinz (New York City-born Children's Science Author) New York City Authors Primary Children's Authors Science
1950 Robert B. Laughlin (California-born 1951 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Robert B. Laughlin Physics 1951 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1755 8.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 50,000+ in Lisbon, Portugal Portugal Earthquake Death USGS
1870 U.S. Army Division of Telegrams Begins Operations as U.S. Weather Service Weather & Meteorology The Telegraph National Weather Service Wisconsin Historical Society
1883 Thomas Edison Applies for a Patent for the Art of Generating Electricity Thomas Edison Electricity Patents & Trademarks Rutgers University (pdf)
1884 International Meridian Conference Adopts Greenwich, England as Prime Meridian Greenwich, England Geography The Prime Meridian Standards of Measurement Lick Observatory (pdf)
1935 6.2 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Timiskaming, Canada Canada Earthquake USGS
1946 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Alaska's Andreanof Islands Alaska Earthquake USGS
1947 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 233 in Central Peru Peru Earthquake Death USGS
1952 U.S. Explodes First Hydrogen Bomb at Elugelab Atoll in Pacific Nuclear Weapons Cold War World  History Historic First History Channel New York Times
1957 The Mackinac Bridge Opens Connecting Michigan's Two Peninsulas Michigan Bridges Mackinac Bridge Authority
1986 Catastrophic Toxic Chemical Fire Near Basle, Switzerland Turns the Rhine River Red Switzerland Fire Safety Chemistry Earth and Environmental Science BBC

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