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NOVEMBER 18

1787 Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (French Inventor of the Daguerreotype) Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre Inventors & Inventions Photography Artists
1810 Asa Gray (New York-born Botanist) New York Scientists & Mathematicians Botany
1901 George Gallup (Iowa-born Statistician; Founder of the Gallup Public Opinion Polls) Iowa Scientists & Mathematicians Statistics Gallup Writer's Almanac
1906 George Wald (Massachusetts-born Biochemist; 1967 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Massachusetts Scientists & Mathematicians Biochemistry Medical Research 1967 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
1923 Alan Shepard (New Hampshire-born Astronaut; First American in Space) Alan Shepard Astronauts The Moon
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1949 Frank Jewett (California Engineer, Pioneer in Communications Technology) Frank Jewett Inventor & Inventions The Telelphone
1962 Niels Bohr (Danish Physicist; 1922 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Niels Bohr Quantum Theory 1922 Nobel Laureate for Physics
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1727 Earthquake Centered on Tabriz, Iraq Kills 77,000 Iraq Earthquake Death USGS
1755 Largest Earthquake in Massachusetts Recorded History Damages Many Buildings Massachusetts Earthquake USGS
1837 The First Steamship Line in Texas Completes Its First Voyage Texas Steamships Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1883 Railroads Force Creation of Four North American Time Zones Canada U.S. History Time Zones Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1905 Five Lepers Arrive on Penikese Island in Buzzard's Bay, Site of the First and Only Leprosarium in Massachusetts Massachusetts Leprosy Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1928 Mickey Mouse Stars in 1st Sound-synchronized Cartoon, Steamboat Willy Walt Disney Cartoons & Comics Sound History of Technology Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
1929 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake and Tsunami Kill 27 in Newfoundland Canada Earthquake Tsuanmi Death USGS
1952 Trademark is Registered for Elmer's Glue Trademarks & Patents Elmer's Glue USPTO
1959 The First Pulp Is Produced by the Alaska Lumber & Pulp Company at Sitka Sitka, Alaska Trees Business Alaska Historical Society
1961 NASA Launches Ranger 2 Spacecraft As Test for Lunar and Interplanetary Missions Space Exploration Lunar Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1967 British Place Ban on Movement of Farm Animals to Curb Foot and Mouth Disease Great Britain Animals Foot and Mouth Disease bbc
1973 NASA Launches NATO 3-C Communications Satellite for NATO Space Exploration Telecommunications NATO NASA
1985 University of Washington Surgeons Perform the First Successful Heart Transplant in the Pacific Northwest Washington Health Care Heart Transplants Historic Firsts University of Washington HistoryLink
1991 NASA Launches Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) to Seek Evidence of the Big Bang Space Exploration NASA

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