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1743 Martin Heinrich Klaproth (German Chemist Who First Isolated Six Different Chemical Elements) Martin Heinrich Klaproth
Titanium Chromium Strontium Zirconium Tellurium Cerium
1925 Martin Rodbell (Maryland-born Biochemist: 1994 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Martin Rodbell Protein Cells 1994 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1866 George Everest (Welsh Geographer, Surveyor: Namesake of Mt. Everest) Wales Mount Everest
1783 First Manned Hydrogen Balloon Climbs to 600m above Paris, Travels 43 km Paris Balloons Hydrogen Historic Firsts NASA
1826 The Barnet Is the First Steamboat to Pass through Massachusetts' South Hadley Canal Massachusetts Rivers and Canals Steamboats Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1866 Construction Is Completed on the 1,619' Suspension Bridge Across the Ohio River Between Cincinnati, Ohio & Covington, Kentucky Cincinnati, Ohio Covington, Kentucky Ohio River Bridges Ohio Historical Society
1874 T.J. Byrd Receives Patent# 157,370 for Railroad Car Couplings Patents and Copyrights Railroads African-American History Inventors Assistance League
1884 Fire Destroys Science Hall on the Campus of the University of Wisconsin at Madison Madison, Wisconsin Education Fire University of Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1913 Ford Motor Introduces the Assembly Line to Complete a Car Every 2.5 Minutes Ford Motor Company Automobiles Labor History Channel
Gulf Oil Opens the World's First Gas Station in Pittsburgh, PA Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Automobiles Historic Firsts Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
1928 8.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 225 in Talca, Chile Chile Earthquake Death USGS
Pitcairn (Eastern) Airlines Initiate 15-hour Service Between Miami and New York Florida New York City Aviation History Smithsonian Florida Historical Society
1942 Nationwide Gasoline Rationing Goes into Effect in the United States Automobiles World War II New York Times University of Georgia
1959 Twelve Nations Sign Treaty Making Antarctica a Military-free Continent Antarctica Historic World Documents War World History History Channel New York Times
1960 Soviets Launch Sputnik 6 with Two Dogs and Television System Aboard Russian Space Program Space Exploration Dogs NASA
1997 All Planets of the Solar System and Crescent Moon Visible from Earth The Solar System The Moon CNN
1999 Scientists Announce the Mapping of Virtually an Entire Human Chromosome Human Genome Project Historic Firsts CNN

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