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DECEMBER 4

1821 Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel (German Astronomer) German Scientists and Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Students for the Exploration and Development of Space
1867 Charles Herty (Georgia-born Chemist, Pioneer in the Paper Industry) (German Astronomer) Georgia Scientists and Mathematicians Chemistry University of Georgia
1908 Alfred Day Hershey (Michigan-born Microbiologist: 1969 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Alfred Day Hershey Genetics Viruses 1969 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1798 Luigi Galvani (Italian Pioneer in Electricity) Luigi Galvani Electricity
1832 William Sturgeon (English Inventor of the First Electromagnet) English Scientists & Mathematicians Electromagnetism Technology and Society
1893 John Tyndall (Irish Physicist: Namesake of the Tyndall Effect Explaining the Atmospheric Scattering of Light) Irish Scientists & Mathematicians Physics Light
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1639 British Amateur Astronomer, Jeremiah Horrocks, Is the First Person to Observe a Venus Transit Across the Sun English Scientists & Mathematicians Venus The Sun Space & Astonomy Historic Firsts NASA
1860 A Telegraph Office Opens in St. Anthony (Now Southeast Minneapolis), Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota Telegraph Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1867 The National Grange Is Founded in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Farming & Agriculture The National Grange History Channel
1917 English Psychiatrist W.H. Rivers Presents First Report on the Phenomenon of "Shell Shock" English Scientists and Mathematicians Mental Health Psychology World War I Historic Firsts History Channel
1928 The Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District Is Formed to Design, Construct and Finance the Golden Gate Bridge Califorrnia Business The Golden Gate Bridge Bridges Business LearnCalifornia
In Reagan County, Texas, Carl Cromwell Drills the World's Deepest Oil Well: 8,525 Feet Reagan County, Texas Economics Texas State Historical Association
1959 "Sam", a Monkey, Reaches Weightlessness for over 3 Minutes in a U.S. Space Capsule Space Exploration Monkeys Florida Historical Society
1965 NASA Launches Gemini 7 with Astronauts Borman & Lovell Aboard for 14-day Mission Frank Borman Gene Lovell Space Exploration NASA
1972 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Triggers Landslides and Disrupts Electricity on Japan's Island of Hachijojima Japan Earthquake USGS
1978 Pioneer Venus Orbiter Enters into an Elliptical Orbit Around Venus Space Exploration Venus NASA
1995 Netscape and Sun Jointly Announced Javascript as a New Language to Complement HTML History of the Internet History of Technology O'Reilly Network
1996 NASA Launches Its Mar Pathfinder Mission Mars Space Exploration NASA
1998 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-108) on First ISS Assembly Mission Space Shuttle International Space Station Historic Firsts NASA

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