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DECEMBER 15

1852 Henri Becquerel (French-born 1903 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Henri Becquerel Physics Radiation 1903 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1860 Niels Ryberg Finsen (Danish-born 1903 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Danish Scientists & Mathematicians Medicine 1903 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
1861 Charles Duryea (Illinois-born Automobile Pioneer) Charles Duryea Automobiles Inventors and Inventions
1883 William A. Hinton (Chicago-born Doctor, Professor, and First African-American to Publish an Academic Textbook) Chicago Mathematicians and Scientists Medical Research Famous African Americans African American Registry
1916 Maurice Wilkins (New Zealand-born 1962 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Maurice Wilkins DNA 1962 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
1923 Freeman Dyson (English Quantum Physicist) Freeman Dyson Physics Quantum Mechanics
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1958 Wolfgang Pauli (Austrian-born 1945 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Wolfgang Pauli Physics Sub-atomic Particle 1945 Nobel Laureate for Physics
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1612 Simon Marius Provides First Telescope Description of Andromeda Galaxy German Scientists & Mathematicians Space & Astronomy Historic Firsts Students for the Exploration and Development of Space
1861 Lincoln Reviews Proposal for Cable Linking Washington with Atlantic Coast Forts to Florida Abraham Lincoln Telegraph American Civil War Forts Lincoln Logs
1872 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Near Lake Chelan Is Largest in Washington's Recorded History Washington Earthquake USGS
1887 In Texas, the Fort Worth and Denver City Railway Runs an Excursion Train to the New Community of Cheyenne in Oldham County Oldham County, Texas Railroad Texas State Historical Asosciation
1903 Italian Italo Marchiony Is Issued U.S. Patent #746,971 for an Ice Cream Cone Mold Italian Scientists and Inventors Inventors and Inventions Foods & Nutrition Patents & Trademarks Ice Screamers
1960 U.S. Pioneer P-31 Lunar Probe Mission Fails Shortly After Launch Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1965 U.S. Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 Orbit to Within 10' of Each Other Space Exploration Historic First NASA
1968 NASA Launches ESSA-8 Cloud Photography Spacecraft to Replace ESSA-6 Space Exploration Clouds Photography NASA
1970 Soviet's Venera 7 Is First Lander to Reach Venus Surface & Continue Transmitting Russian Space Program Space Exploration Venus Historic First NASA
1973 NASA Launches Atmosphere Explorer-C to Investigate the Thermosphere Space Exploration Earth Science NASA
1978 NASA Launches ANIK-B1 to Test Viability of Satellite Telecommunications Systems Space Exploration Communications Technology Television NASA
1996 Boeing Co. Announces Plan to Acquire McDonnell Douglas Corp. for $13.3B Business & Economics Aviation New York Times
2000 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant is Permanently Shut Down Ukraine Chernobyl Nucelar Power Disaster CNN

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