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DECEMBER 16

1850 Hans Buchner (German Bacteriologist) German Scientists and Mathematicians Bacteria
1857 Edward Emerson Barnard (Tennessee-born Astronomer) Edward Emerson Barnard Astronomy Jupiter
1901 Margaret Mead (Pennsylvania-born Anthropologist) Margaret Mead Anthropology & Archaeology
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1811 The Greatest Series of Earthquakes in U.S. History Begins with an 8.6 Magnitude Earthquake Near New Madrid, Missouri New Madrid, Missouri Earthquakes History Channel USGS Arkansas History Commission
1857 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Leaves 11,000 Dead in Naples, Italy Naples, Italy Earthquakes Death USGS
1884 Minnesota Machinist William H. Fruen Is Issued the First U.S. Patent for a Coin-Operated Liquid-Dispensing Vending Machine Massachusetts Scientists and Inventors Inventors and Inventions Patents and Trademarks Minnesota Historical Society
1920 8.6 Magnitude Earthquake Hits China's Gansu Province: 200,000 Die China Earthquake Death History Channel Asian History USGS
1934 Construction Begins on the All-American Canal That Will Carry Water From the Colorado River to Southern California California Rivers and Canals Learn California
1949 Swedish Automaker SAAB Produces Its First Motorcar Swedish Business Automotives SAAB Historic Firsts History Channel
1954 The First Synthetic Diamond Is Produced at General Electric Research Laboratories Diamonds General Electric Historic Firsts Tracy Hall Foundation
Remote Dixie Valley, Nevada Is the Epicenter of a 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Nevada Earthquake USGS
1962 Explorer 16 Is Launched From Cape Canaveral, Florida for the Study of Meteors and Other Space Debris Cape Canaveral, Florida Space Exploration Meteors Florida Historical Society
1965 NASA Launches the Pioneer 6 Satellite into Orbit Around the Sun Space Exploration The Sun NASA
1982 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 450 People in Afghanistan Afghanistan Earthquake Death USGS
1997 President Clinton Awards 14 Scientists the National Medal of Science President Clinton The American Presidency American Scientists & Mathematicians National Science Foundation
2002 Canada Ratifies the 1997 Kyoto Protocol on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Canada Global Warming Kyoto Protocol New York Times

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