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DECEMBER 18

1856 J.J. Thomson (English-born 1906 Nobel Prize for Physics) J.J. Thomson The Electron 1906 Nobel Prize for Physics
1890 Edwin Howard Armstrong (New York City-born Electrical Engineer and Inventor) Edwin Howard Armstrong Inventors and Inventions Radio Sound
1939 Harold Varmus (New York-born 1989 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) New York Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research 1989 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1995 Konrad Zuse (German Inventor, Computing Pioneer) German Scientists and Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Computer Technology Society and Technology
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1890 First Electrified Underground Railway System Officially Opens in London Great Britain Railroads Electricity & Magnetism History of Technology Historic Firsts London Underground
1898 France's Count Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat Sets First Official World's Land-Speed Record: 39.245 mph France Automobiles Historic Firsts History Channel
1900 Elijah McCoy Receives Patent for a Lubricator Elijah McCoy Inventors and Inventions African-American Inventors and Mathematicians Patent #663976 USPO
1901 5.9 Magnitude Earthquake Damages Hundreds of Houses in Turkey Turkey Earthquake USGS
1912 Piltdown Man Is Discovered in a Sussex, England Gravel Pit Sussex, England Evolution History Channel
1936 The First Giant Panda in the U.S. Arrives in San Francisco San Francisco Giant Pandas Historic Firsts Female Explorer Learn California
1957 First Public U.S. Nuclear Power Plant Opens in Shippingport, Pennsylvania Shippingport, Pennsylvania Nuclear Power Historic Firsts New York Times
1958 U.S. Department of Defense Broadcasts the First Voice Message from Space Space Exploration Sound Historic Firsts NASA
1965 Gemini 7 Completes 14-day Mission with Frank Borman and Jim Lovell Aboard Frank Borman Jim Lovell Space Exploration NASA
1985 In Minneapolis, Mary Lund Is the First Woman to Receive a Jarvik-7 Artificial Heart Minneapolis, Minnesota Women Medical Research Artificial Hearts Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1999 NASA Launches Terra Earth Observation System Satellite Space Exploration Earth Science NASA

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