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Nov 9 United States: World Freedom Day
(Observed annually by presidential proclamation to celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall: 11/9/1989)
Berlin The Fall of the Soviet Union The Cold War Presidential Proclamation Stanford University
Dec 26
1893
Mao Zedong (Leader of the Chinese Communist Revolution) Mao Tse-tung Cold War
Nov 5
1900
Martin Dies (Colorado-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Texas Who First Chaired the House Committee on Un-American Activities) Colorado Political and Social Leaders Texas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress McCarthyism
Nov 11
1904
Alger Hiss (Maryland-born Attorney Accused of Being a Communist by Vice-President Richard Nixon) Notorious People from Maryland Alger Hiss The Cold War
Sep 4
1908
Edward Dmytryk (Canadian-American Greylisted Film Director) Canadian Performing Artists Filmmakers McCarthyism
Nov 14
1909
Joseph McCarthy (Wisconsin-born U.S. Senator: Namesake of the Cold War Term "McCarthyism") Joseph McCarthy U.S. Congress The Cold War
Dec 18
1913
Willy Brandt (West German Chancellor) Willy Brandt The Cold War
Jan 12
1915
Paul Jarrico (Los Angeles-born Screenwriter Blacklisted During the McCarthy Era) Paul Jarrico Film McCarthyism
Aug 19
1915
Ring Lardner, Jr. (Chicago-born Screenwriter) Ring Lardner, Jr. Film McCarthyism: Red Scare
Sep 28
1915
Ethel Rosenberg (New York City-born Convicted Spy of American Atomic Secrets) Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Cold War Nuclear Weapons
Dec 11
1918
Alexander Solzhenitsyn (Russian-born 1970 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Alexander Solzhenitsyn Cold War 1970 Nobel Laureate for Literature
Aug 20
1919
Walter Bernstein (New York City-born Screenwriter) Walter Bernstein McCarthyism Film Television
Nov 23
1925
José Napoleón Duarte (President of El Salvador) José Napoleón Duarte President Ronald Reagan Cold War

Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
Sep 18
1961
Dag Hammarskjold (Swedish-born Secretary-General of the United Nations) Swedish Political and Social Leaders United Nations Air Disasters Cold War South African History History Channel BBC
Jan 24
1965
Winston Churchill (Prime Minister of England: 1940-45; 1953 Nobel Laureate for Literature) English Political and Social Leaders Winston Churchill World War II The Cold War Authors 1953 Nobel Laureate for Literature
Dec 26
1972
Harry Truman (Missouri-born 33rd President of the United States) Missouri Political and Social Leaders President Harry Truman American Presidents Nuclear Weapons World War II Cold War
Dec 27
1979
Hafizullah Amin (President of Afghanistan; Executed) Afghanistan Political and Social Leaders Soviet Union Cold War History Channel New York Times
Dec 29
1986
Harold Macmillan (Prime Minister of England) Harold Macmillan Cold War
Dec 14
1989
Andrei D. Sakharov (Russian-born 1975 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Andrei D. Sakharov Soviet Union Physics Cold War 1975 Nobel Laureate for Peace
Dec 25
1989
Nicolae Ceausescu (Ousted Romanian President Executed with His Wife) Romanian Political and Social Leaders The Cold War Capital Punishment BBC

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Dec 30
1911
Sun Yat-sen Is Elected the First President of the Republic of China. Sun Yat-sen The Cold War New York Times
Dec 30
1922
Vladimir Lenin Proclaims the Establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Vladimir Lenin The Cold War History Channel
Dec 4
1945
U.S. Senate Approves U.S. Participation in the United Nations United Nations U.S. Senate The Cold War History Channel The New York Times
Sep 12
1947
Screen Actors Guild Adopts Voluntary "Loyalty Oath" Actors McCarthyism History Channel
Oct 20
1947
U.S. Congress Investigates Communists in the American Film Industry House of Representatives Film McCarthyism The Cold War History Channel
Nov 24
1947
"Hollywood 10" Cited for Contempt of Congress U.S. Congress McCarthyism Film History Channel
Nov 25
1947
Foreign Minister from France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union and the U.S. Convene in London to Discuss the Future of Post-War Europe France Great Britain Soviet Union United States The Cold War European History History Channel
Film Industry Executives Announce the "Hollywood 10" Will Be Fired or Suspended U.S. Congress McCarthyism Film History Channel
Dec 30
1947
King Michael of Romania Agrees to Abdicate Under pressure from the Communists Romania Soviet Union The Cold War New York Times
Nov 20
1948
Chinese Communists Place American Consul Under Siege China The Cold War History Channel
Dec 2
1948
Whittaker Chambers Leads Investigators to the Pumpkin Papers McCarthyism/Red Scare Alger Hiss The Cold War University of Missouri, Kansas City
Dec 3
1948
Former Communist Spy, Whittaker Chambers, Produces Microfilm of Secret Documents Hidden Inside a Pumpkin on His Maryland Farm Maryland The Cold War New York Times
Jan 20
1949
Truman's Inaugural Speech Calls for Technical & Scientific Foreign Aid President Harry Truman Science Farming and Agriculture Cold War History Channel
Aug 24
1949
The North Atlantic Treaty Is Put Into Effect NATO The Cold War The New York Times
Sep 21
1949
First Session of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Opens First Plenum of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Cold War History Channel
Sep 23
1949
President Truman Announces Soviets Have Exploded a Nuclear Bomb Soviet Union Harry Truman The Cold War Nuclear Weapons PBS
Sep 30
1949
The Berlin Airlift Ends as Soviets Withdraw Blockade Berlin Soviet Union Aviation The Cold War The History Channel
Oct 7
1949
The Republic of East Germany Is Formed Germany The Cold War New York Times
Dec 8
1949
Chinese Nationalists Move Government to Formosa as Communists Attack China The Cold War History Channel
Dec 16
1949
Mao Zedong, Leader of the Chinese Communist Party, Meets in Moscow with Josef Stalin, Leader of the Soviet Union Mao Zedong Josef  Stalin Cold War Asian History
Jan 13
1950
Soviets Protest United Nations' Refusal to Recognize Communist China The Soviet Union China United Nations The Cold War History Channel
Jan 18
1950
Soviet Union & China Recognize the Democratic Republic of Vietnam Vietnam China Soviet Union Cold War The History Channel
Jan 19
1950
Communist China Recognizes North Vietnam China Vietnam The Cold War History Channel
Jan 21
1950
Alger Hiss Is Convicted of Perjury Alger Hiss Richard Nixon Law & Legal Resources McCarthyism History Channel
Sep 16
1950
United Nations Essay Contest on "The Veto" Angers Soviets United Nations Soviet Union The Cold War History Channel
Dec 30
1950
Secretary of State Dean Acheson Declares the U.S. Will Increase Its Efforts to Contain Communist Aggression U.S. Government The Cold War History Channel
Jan 10
1951
Edward G. Robinson Cleared of Communist Ties Edward G. Robinson Actors McCarthyism/Red Scare History Channel
Jan 27
1951
U.S. Air Force Plane Explodes a One-kiloton Nuclear Bomb in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Historic Firsts History Channel
Aug 31
1951
Supreme Court Justice Douglas Calls for Recognition of Communist China China William O. Douglas U.S. Supreme Court The Cold War The History Channel
Dec 13
1951
Senator McCarthy's Accusations Lead to State Department Dismissals Senator Joe McCarthy U.S. Congress McCarthyism/Red Scare History Channel
Dec 31
1951
Prime Minister Winston Churchill Sets Sail on the Queen Mary for Talks in America with President Truman Winston Churchill President Harry Truman Naval History Cold War BBC
Sep 19
1952
U.S. Immigration Refuses to Allow Charlie Chaplin to Return to Hollywood. Charlie Chaplin Immigration McCarthyism/Red Scare BBC
Oct 3
1952
Britain Detonates an Atomic Bomb - Becomes Third Nuclear Power Great Britain Nuclear Weapons The Cold War World History U.S. Department of Energy
Nov 1
1952
U.S. Explodes First Hydrogen Bomb at Elugelab Atoll in Pacific Nuclear Weapons Cold War World  History Historic First History Channel New York Times
Dec 24
1952
The McCarren-Walter Act Revises U.S. Immigration Laws to Restrict Immigration of Communist Sympathizers U.S. Government Immigration Laws and Legal Resources Cold War History Channel
Jan 13
1953
Pravda Reports Arrest of Doctors for Intentionally Providing Harmful Treatments to Soviet Leaders Soviet Political and Social Leaders Medicine Journalism Cold War CNN
Aug 20
1953
Soviet Union Publicly Acknowledges Testing a Hydrogen Bomb Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons The Cold War New York Times
Oct 30
1953
President Eisenhower Approves Development of a U.S. Nuclear Arsenal President Eisenhower Nuclear Weapons The Cold War History Channel
Jan 12
1954
U.S. Announces It Will Protect Its Allies through the "Deterrent of Massive Retaliatory Power" Cold War Nuclear Weapons History Channel
Aug 24
1954
Congress Passes Communist Control Act U.S. Congress Soviet Union McCarthyism/Red Scare History Channel
Sep 16
1954
FBI Interviews Richard Wright in Paris About Relationship to the Communist Party Richard Wright McCarthyism/Red Scare FBI American Authors American Collection
Nov 27
1954
Alger Hiss Is Released from Prison The Alger Hiss Affair McCarthyism/Red Scare History Channel
Dec 2
1954
The U.S. Senate Censures Wisconsin's Joseph McCarthy for Dishonor and Disrepute Joe McCarthy U.S. Senate McCarthyism History Channel New York Times Wisconsin Historical Society
President Eisenhower Announces Pact of Mutual Security with the Nationalist Chinese Taiwan President Eisenhower Cold War BBC
Dec 7
1954
Wisconsin U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy Publicly Condemns President Eisenhower for Being "Weak on Chinese Communists" China Joe McCarthy U.S. Senate President Eisenhower McCarthyism Wisconsin Historical Society
Dec 10
1954
University of Washington's President Casts Doubt on J. Robert Oppenheimer's Loyalty to the U.S. Washington Education J. Robert Oppenheimer Manhattan Project McCarthyism University of Washington HistoryLink
Dec 7
1955
The Dallas Museum of Fine Arts Responds to Charges of Exhibiting the Work of Artists with Communist Affiliations Dallas, Texas Museums Art McCarthyism Dallas Museum of Fine Arts Texas State Historical Association
Dec 26
1955
Porgy and Bess Opens in Leningrad Soviet Union Porgy and Bess Cold War History Channel
Jan 25
1956
Khrushchev Declares That Eisenhower Is "Striving For Peace" Nikita Khrushchev Dwight Eisenhower Cold War History Channel
Sep 27
1956
U.S. Bell X-2, World's Fastest Highest-flying Plane Crashes Aviation The Cold War NASA
Oct 29
1956
Israeli Troops Invade the Sinai after Egypt Nationalizes the Suez Canal Israel The Suez Canal The Cold War World History History Channel
Oct 31
1956
British & French Troops Land at the Suez Canal Great Britain France The Suez Canal The Cold War History Channel
Nov 4
1956
Soviet Tanks and Troops Crush the Hungarian Revolt Hungarian Revolt Soviet Union The Cold War History Channel BBC
Nov 9
1956
Jean-Paul Sartre Condemns the Soviet Invasion of Hungary Hungarian Revolution of 1956 Soviet Union Jean-Paul Sartre The Cold War The History Channel
Dec 23
1956
French and British Troops Withdraw from the Suez Canal Suez Canal France Great Britain The Cold War BBC
Jan 5
1957
Eisenhower Declares Middle East a Cold War Battlefield in Speech to Congress President Dwight Eisenhower The American Presidency U.S. Congress The Cold War History Channel
Jan 6
1957
In His State of the Union Speech, President Eisenhower Notes the Importance of Missile Systems President Eisnehower Nuclear Weapons The Cold War NASA
Jan 10
1957
President Eisenhower Declares U.S. Interest in Agreements for Missile & Satellite Development President Eisenhower Space Exploration Nuclear Weapons Cold War NASA
Jan 12
1957
President Eisenhower Proposes U.S. & Soviets Limit Use of Space to Peaceful Purposes Only Soviet Union President Eisenhower Cold War Space Exploration NASA
Aug 26
1957
Soviet Union Successfully Tests an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Soviet The Cold War History Channel
Oct 4
1957
Soviet Union Launches Sputnik I, the First Artificial Satellite Sputnik I Space Exploration The Cold War Historic Firsts
Nov 7
1957
U.S. Government Report Calls for More Missiles & Shelters Cold War Nuclear Weapons History Channel
Nov 15
1957
Khrushchev Challenges U.S. to Missile "Shooting Match" Nikita Khrushchev The Cold War History Channel
Dec 6
1957
First U.S. Satellite Blows Up on Launch Pad Space Exploration Cold War NASA
Jan 4
1958
Sputnik I Disintegrates in Fall to Earth After 92 Days in Space Soviet Union Russian Space Program Cold War NASA
Jan 28
1958
The United States Air Force Successfully Tests Its Thor Missile Cape Canaveral, Florida Cape Canaveral, Florida Space Exploration Cold War Florida Historical Society
Sep 2
1958
President Eisenhower Signs the National Defense Education Act into Law President Dwight Eisenhower Education The National Defense Education Act Eisenhower Library
Oct 19
1958
The World's Fair in Brussels, Belgium Closes Belgium The Cold War The History Channel
Dec 9
1958
Anti-Communist John Birch Society Is Formed in Indianapolis, IN Indianapolis, Indiana The Cold War John Birch Society The History Channel
Dec 30
1958
Fidel Castro's Rebels Combat the Cuban Army in Fierce Fighting Around the Las Villas Provincial Capital of Santa Clara Fidel Castro The Cold War BBC
Jan 1
1959
Fidel Castro's Popular Revolution Forces Cuban Dictator, Fulgencio Batista, From Power Fidel Castro Cold War History Channel BBC New York Times
Jan 7
1959
The U.S. Recognizes the New Castro Government in Cuba Cuba The Cold War History Channel
Aug 26
1959
Eisenhower Speech in Bonn Affirms U.S. Support for West Germany Germany Presdient Dwight Eisenhower Cold War BBC
Aug 31
1959
Prime Minister Macmillan & President Eisenhower Broadcast Live Harold Mcmillan Dwight Eisenhower Television Cold War BBC
Sep 14
1959
Soviet Probe Luna 2 Crash Lands as First Man-made Object on the Moon Soviet Space Program Cold War Lunar Exploration Historic Firsts Luna 2
Sep 15
1959
Nikita Khrushchev Arrives in Washington, D.C.: First Soviet Leader to Visit U.S. Soviet Union President Dwight Eisenhower Washington, D.C. The Cold War History Channel
Sep 19
1959
Nikita Khrushchev Erupts When Not Allowed to Visit Disneyland Nikita Khrushchev California Cold War Disneyland History Channel
Sep 25
1959
Eisenhower and Khrushchev Begin Two-day Summit Nikita Khrushchev Dwight Eisenhower The Cold War History Channel
Sep 27
1959
Khrushchev's Ends Visit to the U.S. Nikita Khrushchev The Cold War History Channel
Sep 28
1959
Khrushchev and Eisenhower Offer Views on Summit Meeting Nikita Khrushchev Dwight Eisenhower Cold War History Channel
Aug 19
1960
Moscow Tribunal Convicts American U-2 Pilot Gary Powers of Espionage Francis Gary Powers Soviet Union The U-2 Spy Plane Incident BBC
Sep 10
1960
U.S. & Canada Ground All Civilian Air Traffic to Test North America's Air Defenses Canada Aviation History Cold War Center for the Study of Technology and Society
Oct 19
1960
The United States Imposes a Partial Embargo on Goods Exported to Cuba Cuba International Economics and Business The Cold War The History Channel
Nov 10
1960
Governor Davis Calls Upon the People of Louisiana to Build Fall-Out Shelters Louisiana Cold War Nuclear Weapons Louisiana Secretary of State
Nov 15
1960
USS George Washington Is First Submarine Deployed with Nuclear Missiles Naval History Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Historic Firsts National Resources Defense Council
Dec 27
1960
France Explodes Its Third Atomic Bomb in Africa's Sahara Desert Africa France Atomic Weapons Cold War BBC
Jan 3
1961
United States Severs Diplomatic Relations with Cuba Fidel Castro President Eisenhower Cold War History Channel
Jan 10
1961
U.S. Conducts Successful Test of Its Polaris Missile System Nuclear Weapons Cold War NASA
Sep 1
1961
Soviets End Moratorium on Nuclear Testing with 16 KTon Blast in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons Cold War Commonwealth of Australia
Sep 18
1961
UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold Is Killed in Plane Crash Swedish Political and Social Leaders United Nations Air Disasters Cold War Death South African History History Channel BBC
Oct 30
1961
The Soviet Union Tests 58-megaton Hydrogen Bomb Russia Nuclear Weapons The Cold War BBC
Dec 30
1961
President John Kennedy Addresses 40,000 Spectators and 1,100 Cuban Survivors of the Ill-Fated Bay of Pigs Invasion at Miami's Orange Bowl The Orange Bowl President John Kennedy Bay of Pigs Invasion Florida Historical Society
Dec 31
1961
President John Kennedy Issues Public Seasons Greetings to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and the People of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev President John Kennedy Cold War History Channel
The Marshall Plan Expires After Distributing More Than $12 Billion in Foreign Aid The Marshall Plan World War II Cold War New York Times
Aug 29
1962
Robert Frost Goes to the Soviet Union on Goodwill Tour Robert Frost Poetry The Soviet Union The Cold War History Channel
Sep 2
1962
Cuba and Soviet Union Sign Military and Industrial Assistance Agreement Cuba Soviet Union The Cold War Rutgers University
Oct 14
1962
Cuban Missile Crisis Begins: Photos Taken of Russian Missiles in Cuba Cuba Soviet Union John F. Kennedy Photography The Cuban Missile Crisis History Channel
Oct 16
1962
President Kennedy First Learns of Missiles in Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis President John Kennedy Cold War New York Times
Oct 22
1962
President Kennedy Places Cuba under Air and Naval "Quarantine" Cuban Missile Crisis President Kennedy The Cold War New York Times History Channel
Oct 25
1962
U.S. Presents Photos of Soviet Missiles in Cuba to the U.N. United Nations Cuba Soviet Union Cuban Missile Crisis Photography Cold War New York Times
Oct 26
1962
At the U.N., U.S. Publicly Accuses Soviets of Placing Missiles in Cuba United Nations Soviet Union Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis New York Times
Oct 27
1962
Negotiations Produce Plan to End the Cuban Missile Crisis Cuba Soviet Union Cuban Missile Crisis The Cold War History Channel
Oct 28
1962
Khrushchev Agrees to Remove Russian Missiles from Cuba: Crisis Ends Cuba Nikita Khrushchev Cuban Missile Crisis The Cold War The History Channel BBC
Nov 8
1962
United States Announces All Soviet Missiles in Cuba Have Been Dismantled Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis Yale University
Nov 15
1962
Cuba Rejects Demand for Inspections and Threatens to Down U.S. Reconnaissance Flights Cuba The Cold War Yale
Dec 21
1962
U.S. Agrees to Sell Nuclear Missiles to Great Britain Great Britain Nuclear Weapons Cold War BBC
Dec 24
1962
Cuba Returns to the United States the Last of More Than 1,000 Prisoners Taken at the Bay of Pigs Invasion Cuba Bay of Pigs Invasion Prisoners of War The Cold War BBC
Aug 30
1963
U.S.-Soviet Telephone "Hot Line" Placed into Service Soviet Union The Cold War TheTelephone New York Times
Oct 16
1963
From Cape Canaveral, Florida, Twin "Vela Hotel" Satellites Are Launched to Detect Nuclear Explosions in Space Cape Canaveral, Florida Space Exploration Nuclear Weapons Cold War Florida Historical Society
Nov 16
1963
President Kennedy Observes Submarine Launch of a Polaris Missile Off Coast of Cape Canaveral Florida President John Kennedy Naval History Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Florida Historical Society
Dec 20
1963
The Berlin Wall Is Opened for Family Visits Berlin The Cold War History Channel
Jan 28
1964
A U.S. Military Jet Is Shot Down over East German Airspace Germany Aviation History Cold War History Channel
Sep 27
1964
Warren Commission Report Concludes Lee Harvey Oswald Acted Alone Assassinating JFK Assassination of President Kennedy Cold War New York Times
Oct 14
1964
Nikita Khrushchev Ousted as Soviet Leader after 10 Years in Power Nikita Khrushchev The Cold War History Channel
Oct 16
1964
China Detonates a Nuclear Device to Become the Fifth Nuclear Power China Nuclear Weapons Cold War World History History Channel New York Times Asian History
Dec 1
1965
Airlift Begins to Bring Thousands of Cuban Refugees to the U.S. Cuba Aviation History The Cold War Latin-American Studies New York Times
Jan 17
1966
U.S. B-52 Accidentally Drops Three Hydrogen Bombs on Spain's Mediterranean Coast Spain Aviation History Cold War Nuclear Weapons History Channel
Oct 22
1966
Soviet Double-Agent Escapes From a British Prison Soviet Union Great Britain Prison Cold War BBC
Dec 26
1966
China's People's Daily Editorial Calls for the Extension of the Cultural Revolution to Rid China of Capitalists Cultural Revolution Economics Human Rights/Civil Rights Cold War Asian History
Jan 23
1968
North Korea Seizes the USS Pueblo Korea The Cold War Naval History History Channel
Aug 20
1968
650,000 Warsaw Pact Troops Crush Czechoslovakian Protests Soviet Union Czech Republic Slovakia European History Cold War History Channel New York Times
Aug 21
1968
Dozens Are Killed in Massive Soviet Military Clampdown in Czechoslovakia Czech Republic Soviet Union Cold War Death BBC
Aug 22
1968
Thousands of Czechs Gather in Prague to Protest Soviet Invasion Czech Republic Soviet Union Cold War History Channel
Aug 24
1968
Hydrogen Bomb Explosion Makes France the World's Fifth Nuclear Power France Nuclear Weapons The Cold War CNN
Dec 23
1968
83-Man Crew of the U.S. Intelligence Ship Pueblo Is Released After 11 Months of Captivity in North Korea North Korea Naval Military History POW/MIA The Cold War History Channel Asian History
Nov 17
1969
Soviets and U.S. Begin SALT I Negotiations in Helsinki, Finland Soviet Union United States Nuclear Arms Control Cold War History Channel
Oct 8
1970
Alexander Solzhenitsyn Selected as the Nobel Laureate for Literature Alexander Solzhenitsyn The Cold War 1970 Nobel Laureate for Literature History Channel
Sep 1
1972
Bobby Fischer Defeats Boris Spassky for International Chess Championship Bobby Fischer Chess Cold War Courseworkbank
Sep 10
1972
Soviet Union Basketball Team Defeats the U.S. 51-50 for the Olympic Gold Medal Soviet Union Basketball 1972 Summer Olympic Games Historic Firsts The Cold War New York Times
Sep 28
1972
Japan and Communist China Agree to Re-establish Diplomatic Relations Japan China The Cold War New York Times
Jan 1
1973
The United Kingdom Joins the European Economic Community British Business Economics European History Cold War BBC
Nov 11
1973
Soviet Union Refuses to Play Chile in World Cup Soccer Soviet Union Chile Soccer The Cold War History Channel
Sep 6
1975
Martina Navratilova Requests Asylum at U.S. Open Tennis Tournament Martina Navratilova The Cold War International Tennis Hall of Fame New York Times
Nov 21
1975
Senate Report Implicates U.S. in Assassinations U.S. Senate The Cold War Crime Law & Legal Resources History Channel
Aug 18
1976
Two American Soldiers Killed by North Koreans in Skirmish at Panmunjom Korea The Cold War Death Stars and Stripes
Sep 6
1976
Soviet Pilot Lands MIG Fighter Jet in Japan Requesting Asylum in the U.S. Japan The Cold War History Channel
Oct 6
1976
In Presidential Debate Gerald Ford: 'Soviets Do Not Dominate Eastern Europe' Soviet Union Gerald Ford Jimmy Carter American Presidency The Cold War
Dec 5
1978
The Soviet Union & Afghanistan Sign "Friendship" Treaty Soviet Union Afghanistan Cold War History Channel
Dec 15
1978
President Carter Announces U.S. Will Recognize Communist China in Place of Taiwan China Taiwan President Jimmy Carter The Cold War History Channel
Dec 31
1978
United States Ends Official Relations with Nationalist China (Taiwan) to Establish Relations with the People's Republic of China in Beijing China Cold War History Channel
Jan 24
1979
U.S. Performs Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada The Cold War Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
Jan 29
1979
China's Deng Xiaoping and U.S. President Jimmy Carter Sign Accords Expanding Relations Between the Two Countries Deng Xiaoping President Jimmy Carter Cold War History Channel
Aug 23
1979
Russian Ballet Star Aleksandr Godunov Defects to the United States Russian Performing Artists Ballet The Cold War History Channel
Dec 27
1979
Afghanistan President Hafizullah Amin Is Executed the Soviet Union Sends 75,000 Troops into the Country Afghanistan Political and Social Leaders Soviet Union Cold War Death History Channel New York Times Asian History
Jan 2
1980
President Carter Seeks Sanctions Against Soviet Military Intervention into Afghanistan Afghanistan Soviet Union President Jimmy Carter Cold War History Channel
Jan 22
1980
Soviets Arrest Andrei Sakharov for Criticizing Military Intervention in Afghanistan Soviet Union Andrei Sakharov Cold War History Channel BBC
Jan 24
1980
U.S. Sells Military Equipment to China China Business and Economics The Cold War History Channel
Jan 26
1980
U.S. Olympic Committee Asks That Moscow Olympics Be Cancelled or Moved Soviet Union President Jimmy Carter The Olympic Games The Cold War History Channel
Oct 23
1980
Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin Resigns Soviet Union The Cold War Television News Archive
Dec 14
1980
CIA Issues Warning About Soviet Arms Sales to Third World Nations The Soviet Union The CIA The Cold War International Trade History Channel
Jan 27
1981
President Reagan Greets the 52 Former American Hostages Released by Iran Iran Ronald Reagan The Iran Hostage Crisis New York Times
Nov 30
1981
U.S. and USSR Open Talks to Reduce Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Soviet Union Cold War Nuclear Weapons History Channel
Oct 8
1982
All Labor Organizations in Poland Are Banned Poland Labor Organizations The Cold War New York Times
Nov 12
1982
Yuri Andropov Assumes Power in the Soviet Union Yuri Andropov Cold War History Channel
After 11 Months of Internment, the Polish Government Frees Lech Walesa, the Leader of the Outlawed Solidarity Movement Lech Walesa Solidarity Cold War BBC
Sep 1
1983
Soviet Fighter Jet Shoots Down Korean Air Lines 747: All 269 Aboard Die 747 Disaster Soviet Union Cold War Air Disasters Death FBI
Dec 16
1984
Future Soviet Leaders, Mikhail Gorbachev, Talks for 5 Hours with the British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher Mikhail Gorbachev Margaret Thatcher Cold War BBC
Aug 23
1985
West German Spy Chief Defects to East Germany The Cold War BBC
Nov 21
1985
Reagan and Gorbachev Conclude Summit in Geneva, Switzerland Switzerland Mikhail Gorbachev President Reagan Cold War bbc
Oct 11
1986
Reagan and Gorbachev Meet in Reykjavik, Iceland Iceland Mikhail Gorbachev Ronald Reagan The Cold War History Channel
Oct 12
1986
Reagan-Gorbachev Iceland Summit Adjourns without Reaching Agreements Iceland Mikhail Gorbachev Ronald Reagan The Cold War BBC
Dec 19
1986
Mikhail Gorbachev Releases Andrei Sakharov from Internal Exile Andrei Sakharov The Cold War History Channel
Dec 23
1986
The Most Prominent Soviet Dissident, Andrei Sakharov, Returns to Moscow After Almost Seven Years of Internal Exile Andrei Sakharov The Cold War BBC
Nov 24
1987
U.S. & Soviet Union Agree to Eliminate Short & Medium-range Missiles United States Soviet Union Cold War Arms Control New York Times
Dec 7
1987
Mikhail Gorbachev Arrives in United States for Summit with Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev President Reagan The Cold War The History Channel
Oct 9
1988
Latvians Begin Mass Movement for Independence from the Soviet Union Latvia Soviet Union Cold War BBC
Nov 6
1988
Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov Visits United States Andrei Sakharov The Cold War History Channel
Jan 10
1989
Cuban Troops Begin Withdrawal from Angola Angola Cuba The Cold War History Channel
Sep 10
1989
Hungary Opens Borders for East Germans Hungary Germany Fall of Soviet Communism Cold War History Channel
Sep 26
1989
Soviet Legislature Approves Anti-Censorship Law Soviet Union Fall of Soviet Communism History Channel
Oct 18
1989
Hungarian Constitution Amended for Open and Free Elections Hungary Fall of Soviet Communism Cold War Elections History Channel
Erich Honecker Is Removed as Head of East Germany Germany Fall of Soviet Communism Cold War History Channel BBC
Oct 1
1989
Thousands of East Germans Are Allowed to Travel to West Germany Germany Soviet Union The Cold War New York Times
Oct 23
1989
Hungary Becomes a Republic Independent of Soviet Rule Hungary Soviet Union Fall of Soviet Communism Television News Archive
Nov 7
1989
Protests Force Out East German Rulers Germany Soviet Union Cold War BBC
Nov 9
1989
Borders Are Opened between East and West Germany Berlin The Fall of the Soviet Union The Cold War History Channel
Nov 10
1989
Todor Zhivkov Forced to Resign after 35 Yrs as Bulgaria's Communist Party Chief/Head of State Bulgaria Cold War Sofia Echo
Nov 18
1989
50,000 Protesters Demand Reform in Bulgaria Bulgaria Cold War Human Rights/Civil Rights bbc
Nov 28
1989
Czechoslovakia's Communist Party Gives Up Its Political Monopoly Czech Republic Slovak Republic Cold War History Channel
Dec 1
1989
The East German Congress Strikes Requirement of Communist Leadership from Its Constitution Germany Cold War Country Studies
Dec 3
1989
President George Bush & Mikhail Gorbachev Essentially End the Cold War with a Meeting Off the Coast of Malta Malta Mikhail Gorbachev George Bush The Cold War Historic UK History Channel BBC
Egon Krenz Resigns as Leader of the East German Communist Politburo and the Party's Central Committee Germany The Cold War New York Times
Dec 7
1989
Communist Ladislav Adamec Resigns as Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia Czech Republic Slovakia Fall of the Soviet Union Cold War Notre Dame University
Dec 11
1989
50,000 Protesters Take to the Streets in Sofia to Demand Political Reform in Bulgaria Bulgaria Human Rights Cold War Revolts and Reolutionaries BBC
Dec 15
1989
Romanians Protest Persecution of Priest by Communist Authorities Romania Catholicism The Cold War New York Times
Dec 22
1989
Berlin's Brandenburg Gate Re-opens for First Time in Nearly 30 Years Berlin Cold War BBC
Popular Uprising Topples Romanian Communist Ruler Nicolae Ceausescu From Power Romania Cold War New York Times
Dec 23
1989
Ousted Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu Is Captured Trying to Flee the Country with His Wife Romanian Political and Social Leaders The Cold War New York Times
In Berlin, Leonard Bernstein Conducts Beethoven's Ninth Symphony to Celebrate the Fall of the Berlin Wall Berlin, Germany Leonard Bernstein American Composers The Cold War American Public Media
Dec 25
1989
Ousted Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu and His Wife, Elena, Are Executed Romanian Political and Social Leaders The Cold War Capital Punishment BBC
Dec 28
1989
Alexander Dubcek Is Elected Chairman of the New Multiparty Czechoslovak Parliament Czech Political and Social Leaders Alexander Dubcek Voting Cold War History Channel
Jan 16
1990
11,000 Soviet Troops Are Sent to Azerbaijan Soviet Union Azerbaijan Cold War History Channel
Jan 22
1990
Soviet Troops Move into Azerbaijan Soviet Union Azerbaijan Cold war BBC
Jan 28
1990
In Romania, Thousands Demonstrate Against the Interim Government of Ion Iliescu. Romanian Political and Social Leaders Cold War BBC
Aug 19
1991
Soviet Government/Military Leaders Attempt Coup Against President Gorbachev Mikhail Gorbachev Fall of Soviet Communism History Channel
Aug 21
1991
Coup Against Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev Collapses After Three Days Mikhail Gorbachev 1991 Coup Attempt The History Channel
Aug 23
1991
Soviet Leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, Has Ministers Arrested for Failed Coup Mikhail Gorbachev 1990 Nobel Peace Laureate The Cold War BBC
Aug 24
1991
Mikhail Gorbachev Resigns as General Secretary of Soviet Communist Party Mikhail Gorbachev The Soviet Union The Cold War The Ukrainian Weekly
Aug 27
1991
Moldova Declares Independence from the Soviet Union Moldova The Soviet Union Cold War Country Studies
Sep 2
1991
United States Formally Recognizes Independence of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania Estonia Latvia Lithuania The Soviet Union The Cold War Human Rights Watch
Sep 11
1991
President Mikhail Gorbachev Announces the End of the Soviet Union's Military Presence in Cuba Cuba Fall of Soviet Communism Cold War TV News Archives
Dec 17
1991
The Announcement Is Made That the Soviet Union Will Cease to Exist on or Before January 1, 1992 The Soviet Union The Cold War History Channel
Dec 25
1991
Mikhail Gorbachev Announces He Is Resigning as President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev The Cold War History Channel New York Times BBC
Aug 31
1994
Last Russian Soldiers Begin Leaving Berlin Russia Germany Soviet Union The Cold War The Berlin Assignment
Sep 1
1994
Last Russian Soldiers Leave Berlin Russia Germany Soviet Union The Cold War International Herald Tribune
Sep 3
1994
China and Russia Pledge Not to Target Nuclear Missiles or Use Force Against Each Other China Russia Nuclear Weapons The Cold War New York Times
Dec 11
1994
Russian President Boris Yeltsin Orders Thousands of Troops into Breakaway Republic of Chechnya Boris Yeltsin Cold War History Channel
Sep 24
1996
President Clinton Signs Comprehensive Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons & Testing Bill Clinton Nuclear Weapons Control The Cold War World History New York Times

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This guide last edited 10/28/2008
This guide last revised 05/15/2008
This guide created 05/15/2008