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Sep 15 Great Britain: Battle of Britain Day
(Commemorates Britain's decisive defense against Luftwaffe attacks on London: 09/15/1940)
Great Britain NAZI Germany Aviation History Battle of Britain Battle of Britain Historical Society
Oct 28 Greece: Ochi Day
(Commemorates Greece's refusal "ochi" to support fascist Italy: 10/28/1940)
Greece Italy World War II Ask for Greece
Oct 11 Macedonia: People's Uprising Against Fascism
(Commemoration of the initial Macedonian resistance in World War II: 10/11/1941)
Macedonia Nazi Germany Italy Bulgaria Albania U.S. Department of State
Dec 7 United States: Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
(Remembrance of the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor: 12/7/1941)
Japan Hawaii The Attack on Pearl Harbor Presidential Proclamation
Nov 29 Albania: Liberation Day
(Commemorates the withdrawal of Nazi troops from Albania: 11/29/1944)
Albania Nazi Germany World War II U.S. Department of State
Sep 8 Federated States of Micronesia: Kosrae Liberation Day)
(Commemoration of the 1945 liberation of the island of Kosrae from Japanese)
Federated States of Micronesia World War II Association of Pacific Island Legislatures
Sep 11 Federated States of Micronesia: Pohnpei Liberation Day
(Commemoration of the 1945 liberation of the island of Pohnpei from Japanese)
Federated States of Micronesia World War II Association of Pacific Island Legislatures
Oct 25 Austria: National Day
(Commemorates treaty restoring national sovereignty following WWII: 10/26/1955)
Austria World War II U.S. Department of State Virtual Vienna Community Net
Nov 17 Czech Republic, Slovakia: Struggle for Freedom Day
(Commemorates student freedom demonstrations of 1939 and 1989)
Czech Republic Slovakia NAZI Germany Soviet Union U.S. Department of State Radio Prague
Jan 21
1867
Maxime Weygand (Belgian-born French General) Belgian Military Leaders French Military Leaders World War I World War II History Channel
Sep 21
1867
Henry Stimson (New York City-born Statesman Who Served Five U.S. Presidents) New York City Political & Social Leaders President Franklin Roosevelt World War II New York Times
Jan 18
1874
Myron Taylor (New York-born Financier, Diplomat) New York Business Leaders President Franklin Roosevelt World War II
Sep 2
1878
Werner Blomberg (German General, Nazi Minister of War)  Nazi Military Leaders World War II
Dec 21
1879
Josef Stalin (Georgian-born Dictator of the Soviet Union) Josef Stalin Soviet Union World War II Cold War
Dec 31
1880
George C. Marshall (Pennsylvania-born General, Diplomat; 1953 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Marshall Plan World War I World War II 1953 Nobel Laureate for Peace
Oct 30
1882
William F. "Bull" Halsey, Jr (New Jersey-born U.S. World War II Naval Commander) Admiral Bill Halsey World War II Naval Military History
Jan 1
1883
William J. Donovan (Buffalo Attorney Who Directed the OSS; Precursor to the CIA) New York Political and Social Leaders The CIA World War II
Aug 23
1883
Jonathan Wainwright (Washington-born Military Leader) Washington Military Leaders World War II Biography.com
Dec 30
1884
Hideki Tojo (Prime Minister of Japan During the World War II) Japanese Political and Social Leaders World War II Asian History History Channel
Nov 20
1885
Albert Kesselring (German Field Marshal - World War II) German Military Figures Nazi Germany World War II
Aug 24
1886
William Gibbs (Pennsylvania-born Naval Architect; Designer of the World War ll Liberty Ships) Pennsylvania Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors Naval Military History World War II
Dec 6
1886
Joyce Kilmer (New Jersey Poet) Joyce Kilmer Poetry Trees World War I
Nov 17
1887
Bernard Law Montgomery (World War II British Commander) Bernard Law Montgomery World War II History Channel
Sep 20
1888
Sue Sophia Dauser (California-born Chief Nurse of the Navy Nurse Corps in World War II) California Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Professionals World War II U.S. Navy
Sep 6
1890
Claire Chennault (Texas-born U.S. Air Force General, Aviator) Texas Military Leaders Aviation Military History World War II
Oct 14
1890
Dwight Eisenhower (Texas-born Supreme Allied Commander in World War II; 34th President of the United States) Texas Political and Social Leaders Dwight Eisenhower The American Presidency World War II
Nov 22
1890
Charles de Gaulle (French World War II General; President of France) Charles de Gaulle World War II
Oct 12
1891
Edith Stein (German Scholar and Carmelite Nun; Executed by Nazis Because of Jewish Background) German Political and Social Leaders Nazi Germany Catholic Saints
Nov 15
1891
Erwin Rommel (Nazi World War II Tank Commander) Erwin Rommel World War II
Jan 12
1893
Herman Goring (German Commander of the Nazi Air Force) Herman Goring Aviation Military History
Alfred Rosenberg (Estonian-born Nazi Ideologue and Propagandist Alfred Rosenberg Nazi Germany War Crimes Propaganda
Jan 2
1895
Folke Bernadotte (Member of the Swedish Royal Family, Diplomat, Humanitarian) Swedish Political and Social Leaders World War II The Holocaust
Sep 6
1895
Walter Robert Dornberger (German Engineer; Directed Construction of V-2 Rocket) German Scientists and Mathematicians World War II
Oct 5
1895
Walter Bedell Smith (Indiana-born U.S. Army Chief of Staff World War II) Indiana Military Leaders U.S. Military World War II
Dec 14
1896
Jimmy Doolittle (California-born World War I Flying Ace) Jimmy Doolittle Aviation World War II
Oct 29
1897
Joseph Goebbels (Minister of Propaganda for Nazi Germany) Germany World War II Propaganda The Holocaust
Jan 13
1898
Kaj Munk (Danish Playwright) Kaj Munk Plays Catholicism World War II
Aug 28
1899
Lyman Lemnitzer (Pennsylvania-born U.S. Army General, Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff: 1960-62) Pennsylvania Military Leaders World War II NATO
Oct 7
1900
Heinrich Himmler (Head of Nazi SS) Heinrich Himmler World War II The Holocaust
Aug 26
1901
Maxwell Taylor (Missouri-born General in the U.S. Army) Missouri Military Figures World War II
Aug 22
1902
Leni Riefenstahl (Nazi-Era German Photographer, Actor, Dancer) Leni Riefenstahl Nazi Germany Actors Dance Photography
Oct 4
1903
Cyril Stanley Smith (English Nuclear Chemist) Cyril Stanley Smith Plutonium Uranium Nuclear Weapons World War II
Oct 14
1906
Hannah Arendt (German Author) Hannah Arendt Judaism World War II
Dec 31
1908
Simon Wiesenthal (Ukrainian-Austrian Jewish Holocaust Survivor Dedicated His Life to Bringing Nazi War Criminals to Justice) Ukrainian Political and Social Leaders Judaism The Holocaust Nazi Germany War Crimes World War II Biography
Oct 23
1910
Emily Van Sickle (Mississippi-born Author) Mississippi Authors World War II
Nov 24
1911
Bessie Blout Griffin (Virginia-born African-American Physical Therapist, Inventor, Forensic Scientist) Virginia Scientists & Mathematicians Health Care Special Education Inventors and Inventions World War II African-Ameerican Scientists & Mathematicians African American Heritage
Dec 29
1911
Klaus Fuchs (German-American Physicist, Spy) German Scientists & Mathematicians Physics World War II
Dec 29
1912
Lewis Jackson (Indiana-born African-American Member of the Tuskegee Airmen; President of Central State University) Indiana Military Figures Aviation Military History Education Tuskegee Airmen Central State University African-American Military Figures African-American Registry Indiana Weslyn University Timothy R. Gaffney
Dec 21
1918
Kurt Waldheim (Austrian-born Secretary General of the United Nations, 1972-82) United Nations Kurt Waldheim Nazi Germany
Jan 24
1920
Keith Douglas (English Poet Killed in the Invasion of Normandy) English Authors & Illustrators Poetry World War II Writer's Almanac
Sep 12
1920
Milton Dank (Pennsylvania-born Children's Historical Author) Pennsylvania Authors Young-adult Non-fiction World War II U.S. History
Oct 29
1921
Bill Mauldin (New Mexico-born War Cartoonist) Bill Mauldin Comics & Cartoons World War II
Nov 24
1921
Yoshiko Uchida (California-born Asian-American Children's Author) California Authors & Illustrators Asian Americans World War II Clarion University Web English Teacher
Jan 3
1922
Morten Nielsen (Danish Poet) Morten Nielsen Poetry World War II
Oct 1
1923
John H. Bradley (Wisconsin-born Marine Who Helped Raise the American Flag on Iwo Jima) Wisconsin Military Figures Battle for Iwo Jima Wisconsin Historical Society

Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
Nov 07
1942
Carl Frederick Zeidler (Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Killed While on Duty with the U.S. Navy) Milwaukee, Wisconsin Naval Military History World War II Wisconsin Historical Society
Dec 24
1942
Jean Darlan (French Admiral Assassinated in Algiers) French Military Leaders Algeria World War II History Channel
Jan 5
1944
Kaj Munk (Danish Patriot, Author, Religious Leader Murdered by the Nazis: some sources say Jan 4) Kaj Munk Plays Religious Leaders World War II Nazi Germany
Oct 14
1944
Erwin Rommel (Nazi German General: Suicide) Erwin Rommel World War II History Channel
Jan 31
1945
Pvt. Eddie Slovik (Detroit-born World War II Soldier Executed for Desertion) Detroit World War II
Oct 15
1945
Pierre Laval (Premier of Vichy France Executed for German Collaboration) France Nazi Germany War Crimes World War II History Channel
Oct 24
1945
Vidkun Quisling (WWII Fascist Norwegian President: Executed as Nazi Collaborator) Norway NAZI Gemany War Crimes World War II Indiana University
Dec 21
1945
George S. Patton (California-born U.S. Army General) George S. Patton U.S. Military Leaders World War II
Jan 3
1946
William Joyce (New York City-born Nazi Propagandist Hanged by the British for Treason) William Joyce Propaganda World War  II World Crimes
Oct 12
1946
Joseph Stilwell (Florida-born General, U.S. Army) Joseph Stilwell U.S. Military Leaders World War I World War II History Channel
Oct 15
1946
Herman Goering (Nazi Commander-in-Chief of the German Luftwaffe: Suicide) Herman Goering World War II War Crimes Death
Oct 16
1946
Alfred Rosenberg (Estonia-born Nazi Propagandist: Executed) Alfred Rsoenberg Nazi Germany Propaganda Capital Punishment History Channel
Nov 28
1954
Enrico Fermi (Italian Physicist; 1938 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Enrico Fermi Atomic Bomb World War II 1938 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Jan 24
1965
Winston Churchill (Prime Minister of England: 1940-45; 1953 Nobel Laureate for Literature) English Political and Social Leaders Winston Churchill World War II The Cold War Authors 1953 Nobel Laureate for Literature
Oct 9
1974
Oskar Schindler (Czech-born German Businessman Who Save Jewish Lives During World War II) Czech Political & Social Leaders Nazi Germany World War II The Holocaust History Channel
Oct 13
2002
Stephen Ambrose (Illinois-born Military History Author) Illinois Authors American Authors World War II
Nov 13
2002
Stephen Ambrose (Illinois-born Military History Author) Illinois Authors American Authors World War II
Sep 20
2005
Simon Wiesenthal (Ukrainian-born Nazi Hunter) Ukrainian Political and Social Leaders Nazi Germany Judaism The Holocaust War Crimes
Sep 26
2006
Iva Toguri D'Aquino (California-born Asian-American Known as "Tokyo Rose" During World War II) Iva Toguri Radio Propaganda World War II Notorious Asian Americans

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Nov 5
1914
A British-Supported Invasion of German East Africa by Members of the Indian Expeditionary Force B Fails Africa Nazi Germany India England World War I History Channel
Jan 1
1915
British Battleship Formidable Is Torpedoed by the German Submarine U-24 and Sinks in the English Channel, Killing 547 Men Great Britain Germany Naval Military History World War II History Channel
Jan 5
1919
German Workers Party, Later to Be Called the Nazi Party, Is Formed in Munich Germany Nazi Germany Humanitas International
Nov 9
1923
Police and Troops in Munich Crush the Nazi Beer Hall Putsch Germany Nazi Germany The History Channel
Sep 14
1930
Stunning Election Triumph Makes Nazis Germany's Second Largest Party Germany Nazi Germany Elections History Place
Dec 5
1932
Albert Einstein Is Granted a Visa Allowing Him to Travel to the United States Nazi Germany Albert Einstein Physics Writer's Almanac
Jan 30
1933
President Hindenburg Names Adolph Hitler German Chancellor German History Adolph Hitler World History History Channel
Oct 14
1933
Nazi Germany Announces It Is Withdrawing from the League of Nations Germany The League of Nations New York Times
Aug 19
1934
Plebiscite Approves Adolf Hitler's Sole Executive Power as Fuhrer Germany Adolph Hitler Nazi Germany History Channel New York Times
Oct 22
1934
Ferdinand Porsche Begins Tests of the Volkswagen, Being Built as the ""People's Car" for Nazi Leader Adolph Hitler Ferdinand Porsche Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler Volkswagen Historic Firsts History Channel
Dec 29
1934
Japan Renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930 Japan Great Britain Naval Military History World War II New York Times
Oct 5
1937
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Calls for a ''Quarantine'' of Aggressor Nations President Franklin D. Roosevelt World War II NY Times
Sep 12
1938
Adolf Hitler Demands Self-determination for the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia Czech Republic Slovakia Adolph Hitler Nazi Germany New York Times
Sep 29
1938
England, France, Italy Sign Munich Pact Ceding Sudetenland to Germany Nazi Germany Great Britain France Italy Yale University
Sep 30
1938
British, French and Germans Sign the Munich Pact Allowing Nazis to Occupy the Sudetenland Czech Republic Slovakia Nazi Germany Great Britain France The Munich Pact
Oct 1
1938
German Troops Move Into the Sudetenland Nazi Germany Czech Republic Slovakia World War II European History Spartacus
Oct 10
1938
Nazi Germany Completes Its Annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland Czech Republic Slovakia Nazi Germany Munich Pact New York Times
Nov 2
1938
Germany and Italy Cede to Hungary 1/5th of Slovakia's Territory Slovakia Germany Italy Hungary Slovakian Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Dec 6
1938
France & Germany Sign Treaty of Friendship France Nazi Germany European History World War II Indiana University
Nov 9
1938
Kristallnacht - Nazis Burn and Loot Jewish Temples, Stores and Homes Kristallnacht Judaism The History Channel Death
Aug 23
1939
Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union Sign Non-aggression Pact Nazi Germany The Soviet Union Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact Yale University
Sep 1
1939
World War II Begins As Nazi Germany Invades Poland Poland Nazi Germany Nazi Invasion of Poland BBC Writer's Almanac
Sep 3
1939
Great Britain and France Declare War on Germany Great Britain France Germany World War II Writer's Almanac Historic UK History Channel BBC Greenwich Guide
Sep 5
1939
The United States Proclaims Neutrality in World War II World War II U.S. History New York Times
South Africa's Prime Minister, J.B.M Hertzog, Is Forced to Resign Because of His Neutrality Stance South African Poitical and Social Leaders World War II South African History
Sep 6
1939
South Africa Declares War on Germany South Africa Germany World War  II New York Times
Sep 10
1939
Canada Declares War on Germany Canada Germany World War II Canadian Broadcasting  Corporation
Sep 16
1939
British Aircraft Carrier HMS Courageous Is Sunk Off the Irish Coast by U-boat U29 Great Britain Nazi Germany World War II Naval Military History Ohio State University
The Soviet Union Invades Poland Soviet Union Poland World War II History Channel
Sep 17
1939
British Aircraft Carrier HMS Courageous Is Sunk Off the Irish Coast by U-boat U29 Great Britain Nazi Germany World War II Naval Military History Ohio State University
The Soviet Union Invades Poland Soviet Union Poland World War II History Channel
Sep 27
1939
Warsaw, Poland Is Surrendered to the Nazis after Weeks of Resistance Poland Nazi Germany World War II European History History Channel
Sep 28
1939
Soviet Union and Germany Agree to Partition Plan for Poland Poland Soviet Union Nazi Germany New York Times
Sep 29
1939
Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union Divide Control of Occupied Poland Poland Nazi Germany Soviet Union World War II History Channel
Oct 6
1939
At the Reichstag, Adolf Hitler Denies War Intentions Against France and Britain Adolph Hitler Great Britain France World War II
Oct 11
1939
American Federation of Labor (AFL) Opposes U.S. Entry into WWII Labor Unions World War II AFL-CIO History Channel
Nov 17
1939
Czech Student Funeral Spawns Spontaneous Anti-NAZI Demonstration Czech Republic NAZI Germany Radio Prague
Dec 17
1939
German Battleship Graf Spee Is Scuttled Off Uruguay Uruguay Nazi Germany Naval History World War II U.S. Navy
Aug 20
1940
Referring to Britain's RAF Pilots, Winston Churchill Says " Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few." British Military Figures Winston Churchill Aviation Military History World War II Historic UK
Jan 8
1940
Mussolini Questions Hitler's Plans to Wage War with Great Britain Benito Mussolini Great Britain Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
Sep 4
1940
USS Greer Is the First U.S. Vessel Fired Upon in WWII World War II Naval Military History History Channel
Sep 7
1940
Nazi Germany Began Its Initial Blitz on London during World War II London Blitz Nazi Germany Aviation History World War II BBC
Sep 10
1940
British Retaliate for the London "Blitz" by Bombing Berlin The London Blitz Berlin, Germany Aviation Military History World War II History Channel
Sep 11
1940
Hitler Sends Reinforcements into Romania Romania Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
Sep 12
1940
The SS Quanza, a Portuguese Vessel Carrying 80 Jewish Refugees Fleeing Nazi-occupied Europe, Docks at Norfolk, Virginia Nazi Germany Portugal Norfolk, Virginia Judaism Immigration Virginia Historical Society
Sep 13
1940
Italy Invades Egypt Italy Egypt World War II History Channel
Sep 14
1940
Congress Passes Selective Service Act: First Peacetime Draft in U.S. History U.S. Congress Selective Service New York Times
Sep 15
1940
British Defense Decisively Repels German Luftwaffe Attacks on London Great Britain NAZI Germany Aviation History Battle of Britain BBC
Sep 16
1940
FDR Signs into Law the First U.S. Peacetime Military Draft Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
Sep 27
1940
Germany, Italy, Japan Form the Axis Powers Signing Tripartite Pact in Berlin Nazi Germany Italy Japan World War II History Channel
Oct 4
1940
Adolph Hitler Meets Benito Mussolini Aboard Armored Train at the Brenner Pass Adolph Hitler Benito Mussolini World War II WorldHistory.com
Oct 7
1940
German Troops Enter Romania NAZI Germany Romania World War II History Channel
Oct 9
1940
London's St. Paul's Cathedral Is Bombed During the Battle of Britain London, England St. Paul's Cathedral Aviation Military History World War II History Channel
Oct 16
1940
The First Peace Time Draft in U.S. History Is Initiated World War II Historic Firsts History Link
Ernest Lynch of Lewes Is the First Man from Delaware Drafted into Service for World War II Lewes, Delaware World War II Historic Firsts State of Delaware
Oct 28
1940
Italy Invades Greece Greece Italy World War II The History Channel
British Ocean Liner Empress Is Sunk by German U-Boat: 45 of 623 Aboard Die Britain Nazi Germany World War II Naval Military History Death U-boat.net
Oct 29
1940
The First U.S. Peace-time Draft Begins World War II Historic Firsts New York Times
Nov 11
1940
British Aircraft Carry Out Torpedo Attack Against the Italian Fleet at Taranto Britain Italy Naval History Aviation History World War II University of San Diego
Nov 14
1940
German Bombers Begin 10-Hour Raid That Decimates Coventry, England British History World War II History Channel
Nov 15
1940
German Bombers Complete 10-Hour Raid That Decimates Coventry, England British History World War II BBC
Nov 18
1940
Hitler Meets Italy's Foreign Minister About Mussolini's Disastrous Invasion of Greece Greece Italy Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
Nov 19
1940
Adolf Hitler Urges Spain to Attack British-Controlled Gibraltar and Trap British Troops in North Africa Africa Spain Great Britain Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
Nov 23
1940
Romania Joins the Axis Powers: Nazi Germany, Italy and Japan Romania Nazi Germany Italy Japan World War II History Channel
Nov 26
1940
Nazis Force 500,000 Jews into the Warsaw Ghetto Poland Nazi Germany Judaism The Holocaust New York Times
Dec 9
1940
Two British/Indian Divisions Overwhelm Seven Italian Divisions in Egypt Great Britain India Italy Egypt World War II The History Channel
Dec 18
1940
Adolf Hitler Signs Secret Directive Ordering Preparations for a Nazi Invasion of the Soviet Union The Soviet Union Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II New York Times
Dec 29
1940
German Aircraft Set London Ablaze with Incendiary Bombs, Killing Almost 3,600 Civilians London, England Nazi Germany Aviation Military History Fire Death World War II History Channel New York Times Greenwich Guide
Jan 2
1941
Andrews Sisters Record "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" Minneapolis Performing Artists Popular Music World War II History Channel
Jan 5
1941
President Roosevelt Relieves James Otto Richardson As Commander of U.S. Naval Fleet Texas Military Figures President Franklin Roosevelt World War II Naval History Texas State Historical Association
Jan 6
1941
Franklin Roosevelt Delivers His "Four Freedoms" Speech to Congress Four Freedoms Speech U.S. Congress World War II
Jan 10
1941
FDR Proposes Lend-Lease Program to Congress Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
Jan 19
1941
British Forces Invade Italian-occupied Eritrea Great Britain Italy Eritrea World War II History Channel
Jan 22
1941
British & Australians Take Tobruk, Libya Libya Great Britain Australia World War II History Channel
Jan 23
1941
Lindbergh Urges U.S. to Negotiate Neutrality Agreement with Hitler Charles Lindbergh World War II History Channel
Aug 19
1941
The New Mexico National Guard's 200th Coast Artillery Ships Out for an Ill-Fated Assignment in the Philippines Philippines New Mexico Military figures World War II New Mexico National Guard New Mexico Magazine
Aug 22
1941
Hitler Suspends Euthanasia of Mentally Ill and Handicapped Adolph Hitler Mental Health Special Education Death History Channel
Aug 27
1941
Prince Fumimaro Konoye, Prime Minister of Japan, Requests Summit with FDR Japan President Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
Aug 28
1941
NAZI Gestapo Slaughters 23,000 Hungarian Jews in Ukraine Ukraine Hungary Judaism The Holocaust World War II Death History Channel
President Roosevelt Issues Executive Order Creating the Office of Price Administration U.S. Government President Franklin Roosevelt World War II Economics History Channel
Aug 30
1941
Nazis Cut Off Last Railroad into Leningrad Soviet Union Nazi Germany Railroads World War II New York Times
Sep 3
1941
The U.S. Army Activates a Post at Nome, Alaska with 9 Officers and 221 Enlisted Men Nome, Alaska World War II Alaska Historical Society
Sep 6
1941
The Light Cruiser U.S.S. Atlanta Is Launched at Kearny, New Jersey Atlanta, Georgia Kearny, New Jersey Naval Military History World War  II University of Georgia
Sep 19
1941
Germans Bomb Leningrad Soviet Union Nazi Germany Aviation World War II History Channel
Sep 21
1941
Congress Passes Revenue Act to Support Costs of World War II U.S. Congress World War II Taxes History Channel
Sep 24
1941
The Japanese Government Instructs Its Consul in Hawaii to Identify the Locations of U.S Battleships at Pearl Harbor Japan Hawaii Naval Military History Pearl Harbor History Channel
Sep 29
1941
Nazis Complete 2-day Slaughter of 33,000 Russian Jews at Babi Yar Nazi Germany Ukraine Judaism The Babi Yar Massacre United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Oct 2
1941
Germans Launch Operation Typhoon Surge to Moscow Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
Oct 8
1941
Nazi Invasion of Russia Reaches the Sea of Azov with the Capture of Mariupol Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
Oct 15
1941
With Nazi Troops Only 60 Miles Away, Moscow's Elite Flee the City NAZI Germany Soviet Union World War II Center for the Study of Technology and Society
Oct 16
1941
The Ukrainian Seaport of Odessa Surrenders to Axis Forces Ukraine NAZI Germany World War II United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Oct 17
1941
Prince Fumimaro Konoye's Government Collapses in Japan Japan World War II History Channel
Oct 21
1941
Germans Soldiers Massacre Thousands of Yugoslavian Civilians Yugoslavia NAZI Germany World War II History Channel
Oct 23
1941
Chief of Staff Georgi K. Zhukov Takes Command of the Soviet Army The Soviet Union World War II History Channel
Oct 30
1941
German U-boat Sinks U.S. Destroyer Reuben James Germany United States Naval History World War II
President Roosevelt Approves Lend-Lease Aid for USSR Soviet Union Franklin Roosevelt World War II Business & Economics History Channel
Nov 3
1941
Japanese Give the Order to Bomb Pearl Harbor Japan Hawaii Bombing of Pearl Harbor History Channel
Nov 16
1941
Joseph Goebbels Blames Jews for World War II in NAZI Propaganda Magazine  Joseph Goebbels Propaganda The Holocaust History Channel
Nov 24
1941
U.S. Intelligence Message Sent Warning of Japanese "aggressive movement" Japan Attack on Pearl Harbor U.S. Navy
Nov 25
1941
Warnings Are Issued of Possible Japanese Attack of U.S. Ships at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Japan Hawaii Pearl Harbor History Channel
German U-boat Sinks the British Battleship Barham, Killing 848 Great Britain Germany Naval History World War II Death U.S. Navy
Nov 26
1941
Japanese Fleet Sets Sail for Pearl Harbor Japan Attack on Pearl Harbor History Channel
Dec 1
1941
Japan's Imperial Conference Decides to Go to War with the United States Japan World War II University of Virginia
Dec 5
1941
American Intelligence Expects Japanese Attack at Unknown Location Japan Pearl Harbor History Channel
Dec 6
1941
Japanese Reject U.S. Peace Proposal: FDR Awaits Attack Japan Franklin Roosevelt Attack on Pearl Harbor History Channel
Dec 7
1941
Japanese Bombers Attack Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, Killing 2,390 Americans Japan Hawaii The Attack on Pearl Harbor Death President Franklin Roosevelt Presidential Proclamation Florida Historical Society Texas State Historical Association Wisconsin Historical Society West Virginia State Archive
State of Georgia Orders All Japanese Nationals to Stay in Their Homes Georgia The Attack on Pearl Harbor Asian-American Heritage University of Georgia
Dec 8
1941
United States & Great Britain Declare War on Japan Japan Great Britain Delcaration of War U.S. Congress World War II in the Pacific History Channel
Senator Jeanette Rankin Casts Sole Vote Against U.S. Declaration of War Japan Jeanette Rankin U.S. Congress World War II in the Pacific History Channel
Light Towers Intended for Wrigley Field Donated to Great Lakes Naval Air Station Chicago Baseball World War II USA Today
Dec 10
1941
Japanese Land 4,000 Troops on the Philippine Islands, Sink Two British Warships and Seize the U.S. Possession of Guam Japan The Philippines Great Britain Guam Naval Military History World War II History Channel
Dec 11
1941
Germany and Italy Declare War on the United States Italy Germany Nazi Germany World War II History Channel New York Times
Dec 12
1941
The U.S. Seizes the French Ocean Liner Normandie France Naval History World War II The History Channel
Dec 17
1941
Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, U.S. Commander at Pearl Harbor, Is Relieved of His Post Hawaii Pearl Harbor History Channel
Dec 18
1941
Japanese Invade Hong Kong Japan Hong Kong World War II History Channel
Dec 19
1941
Hitler Takes Command of the German Army Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
Dec 23
1941
American Forces on Wake Island Surrender to the Japanese Japan Miltiary Figures World War II New York Times
Dec 24
1941
The U.S.S. Atlanta Is Commissioned at the New York Navy Yard New Yokr City Atlanta, Georgia Naval Military History World War II University of Georgia
Dec 25
1941
The British Garrison in Hong Kong Surrenders to the Japanese After a 17-Day Siege Hong Kong Great Britain Japan World War II History Channel Asian History
Dec 26
1941
Winston Churchill Is the First British Prime Minister to Address the U.S. Congress British Political and Social Leaders Winston Churchill U.S. Congress World War II Historic Firsts History Channel New York Times
Dec 27
1941
The U.S. Government Initiates Rubber Rationing Beginning with Tires U.S. Government Automotives World War II History Channel
Dec 30
1941
Winston Churchill Delivers His "Chicken Speech" to the Canadian Parliament Canadian Government Winston Churchill World War II CBC
Jan 1
1942
Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill Issue a Declaration Signed by 26 Countries, Creating the United Nations Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt United Nations World War II History Channel
The U.S. Government Prohibits Sales of Civilian Cars and Trucks to Dedicate Automotive Plants Entirely to the War Effort U.S. Government Automotives Economics World War II History Channel
Jan 2
1942
Japanese Forces Capture the Philippine Capital of Manila During World War II The Republic of the Philppines Japan World War II New York Times
Jan 3
1942
Parker Pen in Janesville, Wisconsin Is Awarded a Contract for 35 Million Parts for Anti-Aircraft Shell Fuses Janesville, Wisconsin Business World War  II Parker Pen Wisconsin Historical Society
Jan 6
1942
FDR Commits to Production of 45,000 Aircraft & 45,000 Tanks within a Year President Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
Jan 7
1942
In the Philippines the Siege of Bataan Begins Republic of the Philippines Siege of Bataan New York Times
Jan 11
1942
Japan Declares War Against the Netherlands, Invade the Dutch East Indies Japan The Netherland World War II New York Times
Jan 13
1942
Leaders of 9 Occupied Countries Vow to Prosecute NAZI Criminals at War's End Nazi Germany War Crimes The Holocaust Law and Legal Resources World War II History Channel
Jan 14
1942
U.S. and Great Britain Agree to Have Their Leaders Work Cooperatively on Military Policy Great Britain World War II History Channel
President Roosevelt Issues Proclamation Requiring Aliens from Italy, Germany and Japan to Register with the U.S. Department of Justice Franklin Roosevelt Immigration Law & Legal Resources World War II History Channel
Jan 15
1942
President Roosevelt Tells Baseball to Keep Going During World War II to Help Maintain Morale President Franklin Roosevelt Baseball Major League Baseball World War II The New York Times
Jan 20
1942
Nazis Leaders Conference to Discuss "Final Solution" of the "Jewish Question." Nazi Germany Judiasm The Holocaust World War II History Channel
Jan 25
1942
Thailand Declares War on the United States and England Thailand Great Britain World War II History Channel
Jan 28
1942
Pro-Axis Saboteurs Attempt to Destabilize Gold Mine Production by Destroying 5 South African Power Stations South Africa Gold World War II South African History
Jan 29
1942
Iran Signs Treaty of Alliance with Great Britain and the Soviet Union Iran Great Britain Soviet Union World War II History Channel
Jan 30
1942
Chevrolet & Desoto Auto Production Halted until End of WWII Automobiles Business and Economics World War II History Channel
Aug 19
1942
Canadian/British Raid on Dieppe, France Fails Canada at War British Military France World War II BBC
Aug 29
1942
Japan Refuses Red Cross Supplies for U.S. Prisoners of War Japan The Red Cross World War II History Channel
Sep 1
1942
California Federal Court Upholds Wartime Detention of Japanese-Americans California Japanese-American Heritage Law and Legal Resources World War II University of Pittsburgh School of Law
Sep 9
1942
Japanese Drop Incendiary Bombs on an Oregon Forest Oregon World War II History Channel
Sep 10
1942
President Franklin Roosevelt Mandates Gasoline Rationing in the United States President Franklin Roosevelt Automotives Economics World War II History Channel
Sep 12
1942
German U-boat Sinks British Troop Ship Laconia World War II Naval History History Channel
Sep 21
1942
First Flight of a B-29 Superfortress Is Made over Seattle, Washington Washington State World War II Aviation History History Channel HistoryLink
Sep 25
1942
British Bombers Fail to Take Out the Nazi Gestapo Headquarters in Norway Norway Great Britain Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
Sep 27
1942
Japanese Begin Withdrawal from New Guinea Australia Japanese New Guinea World War II Australian Department of Defence
Glenn Miller and His Orchestra Perform Together for Last Time Glenn Miller Popular Music World War II New York Times
Sep 28
1942
Australians Recapture Ioribaiwa village and Eorbaiwa Ridge, New Guinea Australia Japanese New Guinea World War II Australian Department of Defence
Sep 29
1942
SS Booker T. Washington Is Launched at Wilmington, Delaware Delaware Naval History African American Heritage World War II African American Registry
Oct 1
1942
The Ford Motor Company Builds the First B-24 Bomber Near Ypsilanti, Michigan Ypsilanti, Michigan Aviation Military History World War II Historic Firsts Ford Motor Company State of Michigan
Oct 2
1942
Japanese Ship 200 Americans ("The Lost Battalion") to Singapore as Prisoners of War Japan Singapore World War II Prisoners of War Texas State Historical Association
Oct 11
1942
U.S. Ships Defeat Japanese in Battle of Cape Esperance World War II Naval History History Channel
Oct 12
1942
An Ordinance Plant Begins Production Near Point Pleasant, West Virginia Point Pleasant, West Virginia Weapons World War II West Virginia State Archives
Oct 18
1942
Vice Admiral Halsey Assumes Command of the South Pacific William F. Halsey Naval History World War II History Channel
Oct 22
1942
A Secret Meeting Is Held to Plan an Allied Amphibious Landing in North Africa Africa Naval Military History World War II History Channel
Oct 23
1942
British Begin Major Offensive at El Alamein, Egypt Egypt Great Britain World War II New York Times
Oct 26
1942
Japanese Air Attack Damages U.S.S. Hornet, Crew Abandons Ship World War II Aviation History Naval History History Channel
Nov 2
1942
British Forces Break through Rommel's Defensive Line at El Alamein, Egypt Egypt Great Britain Irwin Rommel World War II The History Channel
Nov 4
1942
German Field Marshall Erwin Rommel Retreats from El Alamein Egypt World War II BBC
Nov 7
1942
The Former Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin Is Killed When His U.S. Navy Ship Is Torpedoed Near Cape Town, South Africa Cape Town, South Africa Milwaukee, Wisconsin Naval Military History World War II Wisconsin Historical Society
Nov 8
1942
British & American Troops Invade North Africa Great Britain Africa World War II New York Times
Nov 10
1942
Germany Invades Vichy France NAZI Germany France World War II History Channel
Nov 11
1942
U.S. Congress Lowers the Draft Age to 18 and Raises the Upper Limit to 37 U.S. Congress World War II History Channel
Nov 12
1942
Battle of Guadalcanal Begins Japan Naval Military History Battle of Guadalcanal New York Times
Nov 14
1942
U.S.S. Washington Sinks the Japanese Battleship Kirishima Near Guadalcanal Japan World War II Naval History History Link
Nov 19
1942
Soviet Forces Take the Offensive at Stalingrad Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
Nov 22
1942
Soviets Encircle the Germans at Stalingrad Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
Nov 24
1942
U.S. War Labor Board Orders Equal Pay for Equal Work for Women Women at Work Labor Business & Economics World War II George Mason University
Nov 26
1942
President Roosevelt Orders Nationwide Gasoline Rationing, Beginning December 1 Franklin Roosevelt Automobiles World War II New York Times
Nov 27
1942
France Scuttles Its Naval Fleet to Avoid German Capture France Germany Naval Military History World War II History Channel
Nov 29
1942
Coffee Added to the List of U.S. Food Rations Foods World War II History Channel
Dec 1
1942
Nationwide Gasoline Rationing Goes into Effect in the United States Automobiles World War II New York Times University of Georgia
Dec 4
1942
Polish Christians Create the Council for the Assistance of the Jews Poland Judaism Warsaw Ghetto Uprisings World War II History Channel
At Naples, U.S. Bombers Strike the Italian Mainland for the First Time Italy Aviation Military History World War II The New York Times
Dec 12
1942
Malaysian Capital Kuala Lumpur Captured by the Japanese Army Malaysia Japan World War II Australian Department of Defence
President Franklin Roosevelt Reinstates Woodrow Wilson's National War Labor Board (NWLB) President Woodrow Wilson President Franklin Roosevelt World War II Labor History Channel
Florida Solider Killed in the Philippines Will Be Awarded First WWII Congressional Medal of Honor The Philippines Florida Military Figures World War II American Military Figures Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
Dec 13
1942
Joseph Goebbels Complains Italy Too Lax With Jews Italy Joseph Goebbels The Holocaust Judaism World War II History Channel
Dec 17
1942
British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden Condemns the Persecution of Jews in Eastern Europe European History British Political and Social Leaders Judaism The Holocaust World War II BBC
Dec 24
1942
French Admiral Jean Darlan Is Assassinated in Algiers French Military Leaders Algeria World War II Death History Channel
Dec 27
1942
Germany's "Smolensk Committee" Begins Recruiting anti-Soviet Prisoners of War to Join German Troops Against the Soviets Germany Soviet Union Prisoners of War World War II History Channel
Jan 12
1943
Soviet Forces Breach 18-month Nazi Siege of Leningrad Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
Jan 13
1943
Construction of the Pentagon Is Completed in Arlington County, Virginia Arlington County, Virginia The Pentagon World War II Virginia Historical Society
Jan 14
1943
President Franklin Roosevelt Meets British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Casablanca, Morocco Winston Churchill Morocco Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
Jan 15
1943
Snowstorm Paralyzes Puget Sound War Industries Washington Snow Economics World War II History Link
Jan 18
1943
Jewish Armed Resistance Attacks as Nazi's Resume Deportation of Warsaw Jews to Concentration Camp Poland Nazi Germany Judaism Treblinka World War II The History Channel
The Nazi Siege of Leningrad Is Broken Nazi Germany Soviet Union World War II The New York Times
Jan 24
1943
Field Marshal Montgomery's British 8th Army Captures Tripoli, Libya Libya Great Britain World War II Indiana University
Hitler's Orders Nazi Troops to Fight to the Death at Stalingrad Nazi Germany Soviet Union World War II History Channel
Roosevelt and Churchill Conclude Wartime Conference in Casablanca, Morocco Morocco Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt World War II New York Times
Jan 27
1943
U.S. Fliers Execute First All-U.S. Bombing of Germany at Wilhelmshaven Nazi Germany Aviation History World War II History Channel
Jan 30
1943
The British RAF Carries Out Daytime Bombing Raid of Berlin Berlin Great Britain World War II History Channel
Aug 31
1943
Julien Dubuque Bridge, Painted Grey for Protection Against Aerial Attack, Opens Across the Mississippi Between Iowa and Illinois Iowa Illinois Bridges World War II Iowa Department of Transportation Iowa State Historical Society
Sep 3
1943
British 8th Army Begins the Allied Invasion of the "Toe" of Italy Crossing the Strait of Messina from Sicily Italy Great Britain World War II History Channel BBC
Sep 5
1943
U.S. Forces Seize More of New Guinea New Guinea World War II History Channel
Sep 8
1943
Eisenhower Publicly Announces Italy's Surrender to the Allies Italy President Dwight Eisenhower World War II History Channel
Sep 9
1943
Allies Land at Salerno and Taranto Italy World War II History Channel
Rallies and Parades Open Delaware's Third War Loan Drive with a Goal of Raising $49,000,000 Delaware Economics World War II State of Delaware
Sep 11
1943
German Forces Seize Major Cities in Central and Northern Italy, Including Rome, Milan, Trieste, Genoa, Bologna, Verona, and Cremona Italy Germany World War II The League of Nations
Sep 23
1943
Former Dictator Benito Mussolini Reestablishes Fascist Regime in Northern Italy Benito Mussolini European History World War II History Channel
Sep 25
1943
Soviets Retake Smolensk from the Germans Soviet Union NAZI Germany World War II League of Nations History
Sep 29
1943
Allied Forces Sign Armistice with Italy Italy World War II Yale University
Oct 1
1943
Allied Forces Occupy Naples, Italy Italy World War II U.S. Army
Oct 7
1943
Japanese Execute 96 American Prisoners of War on Wake Island Japan World War II War Crimes Death History Channel
Oct 13
1943
Italy Declares War on Germany Italy Nazi Germany World War II History Channel New York Times
26-year-old Poet Robert Lowell Sentenced to Jail for Evading the Draft Robert Lowell World War II History Channel
Oct 15
1943
Texas Native, Ira Eaker, Is Given Command of Both American Air Forces in England England Texas Military Figures World War II Aviation Military History Texas State Historical Association
Oct 19
1943
Chinese and Suluks Revolt Against Japanese Occupiers in North Borneo Japan China Malaysia World War II The History Channel
Nov 13
1943
Italy Declares War on Germany Italy Nazi Germany World War II History Channel New York Times
26-year-old Poet Robert Lowell Sentenced to Jail for Evading the Draft Robert Lowell World War II History Channel
Nov 15
1943
Heinrich Himmler Orders Imprisonment of Gypsies Heinrich Himmler The Holocaust World War II History Channel
Nov 16
1943
Britain's Lord Mountbatten Is Appointed Supreme Allied Commander in Southeast Asia Great Britain British Monarchy World War II Australian War Memorial
Nov 20
1943
Two Texas Marines Earn the Congressional Medal of Honor at the Battle of Tarawa Texas Military Leaders Congressional Medal of Honor World War II U.S. Marines Texas State Historical Association
Nov 22
1943
FDR, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-shek Begin 4-day Meeting in Cairo, Egypt Egypt Winston Churchill Chiang Kai-shek Franklin Roosevelt World War II U.S. Department of  State
Nov 23
1943
U.S. Forces Seize the Tarawa and Makin Atolls from the Japanese Japan War in the Pacific The New York Times
Nov 26
1943
German Missile Hits the British Transport HMT Rohna Killing 1,138 Men of Which 1,015 Are American Great Britain Nazi Germany Naval Military History Death New York Times
Nov 28
1943
Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin Meet in Tehran Winston Churchill Josef  Stalin Franklin Roosevelt World War II New York Times
Dec 1
1943
Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin End Conference in Tehran Winston Churchill Josef  Stalin Franklin Roosevelt World War II BBC
Dec 7
1943
The USS Wisconsin Is Christened by Wisconsin's First Lady Madge Goodland. Wisconsin Naval Military History World War II Wisconsin Historical Society
Dec 20
1943
The Patrol Frigate U.S.S. Albuquerque Is Commissioned at Richmond, California Califorinia Albuquerque, New Mexico Naval Military History World War II New Mexico Magazine
Dec 24
1943
President Franklin Roosevelt Appoints General Dwight Eisenhower Supreme Commander of Allied Forces President Franklin Roosevelt Dwight Eisenhower World War II The New York Times
Dec 26
1943
German Battle Cruiser Scharnhorst Is Sunk by British Warships in the Arctic The Arctic Great Britain Nazi Germany Naval Military History World War II History Channel Historic UK
Dec 27
1943
President Roosevelt Seizes Control of Railroads to Force the Resolution of a Labor Dispute President Franklin Roosevelt Railroads Business Labor" World War II History Channel
Jan 5
1944
Danish Patriot, Author & Religious Leader, Kaj Munk, Is Murdered by the Nazis Kaj Munk Plays Religious Leaders Nazi Germany Concordia
Jan 11
1944
German POW Murdered By NAZI Enforcers in Texas Internment Camp NAZI Germany Texas World War II Prisoners of War Death History Channel
Jan 13
1944
The Wife of the Mayor of Duluth, Minnesota Christens the Military Cruiser Duluth Launched in Newport News, Virginia Newport News, Virginia Duluth, Minnesota Naval Military History World War II Minnesota Historical Society
Jan 20
1944
"Texas Division" Suffers Heavy Casualties Crossing the Rapido River in Italy Italy Texas Military Figures World War II Texas State Historical Association
Jan 22
1944
Allies Begin Landing at Anzio, Italy Italy World War II New York Times
Jan 27
1944
Soviet Army Breaks Germany's 880-day Siege of Leningrad The Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II BBC
Jan 31
1944
U.S. Forces Invade the Japanese-held Marshall Islands Marshall Islands World War II New York Times
Aug 19
1944
Charles DeGaulle Begins Attacking German Forces in Paris Nazi Germany Charles DeGaulle Paris World War II The HistoryNet
Aug 22
1944
Romania Is Captured by Russia Romania Russia World War II History Channel
Aug 23
1944
Romania's King Mihai I Orders the Arrest of Military Dictator Ion Antonescu Romania World War II Nationmaster
Aug 26
1944
French General Charles de Gaulle Enters a Liberated Paris Charles de Gaulle Liberation of Paris World Wat II European History History Channel
Aug 28
1944
Allied Troops Liberate French Cities of Marseilles and Toulon France World War II BBC
Aug 29
1944
Jan Golian Leads 80,000 Slovaks in Attempted Overthrow of Fascist Government Slovakia World War II Radio Prague
Aug 31
1944
British Break the German's Gothic Line in Northern Italy Great Britain Italy Nazi Germany World War II The History Channel
Sep 2
1944
Anne Frank and Her family Are Placed on a Transport Train from Westerbork to Auschwitz Anne Frank Nazi Germany World War II The Holocaust Writer's Almanac
Future President George H. W. Bush Bails Out as His Bomber Is Shot Down Over the Pacific Ocean President George H. W. Bush Aviation Military History World War II History Channel
Sep 8
1944
First German V-2 Rocket Hits London Destroying Homes & Killing 3, Injuring 10 England NAZI Germany World War II Death Channel 4
Sep 9
1944
Communist-Dominated Fatherland Front Announces It Is in Control of Bulgaria's Government Bulgaria World War II European History Bulgaria Travel Directory
Sep 10
1944
5th U.S. Armored Division Liberates Luxembourg (Sep 10-12) Luxembourg World War II Luxembourg Office of Tourism
Sep 11
1944
President Roosevelt Meets British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Quebec, Canada Canada Franklin Roosevelt Winston Churchill World War II New York Times
5th U.S. Armored Division Liberates Luxembourg (Sep 10-12) Luxembourg World War II Luxembourg Office of Tourism
Sep 12
1944
U.S. Troops Enter Germany for the First Time Near Trier Nazi Germany World War II New York Times
5th U.S. Armored Division Liberates Luxembourg (Sep 10-12) Luxembourg World War II Luxembourg Office of Tourism
Sep 17
1944
Thousands of Allied Paratroopers Land Behind Enemy Lines in Holland Holland Nazi Germany Aviation Military History World War II BBC
Sep 18
1944
Two Texas Congressional Medal of Honor Winners Are Killed in Action Texas Military Figures World War II U.S. Military Leaders Death Texas State Historical Association
Sep 26
1944
Germans Devastate Allies at Arnhem Netherlands Nazi Germany World War II History Channel BBC
Oct 2
1944
Surviving Polish Rebels Surrender to Nazi Forces to End the Warsaw Uprising Warsaw Poland Nazi Germany Warsaw Uprising History Channel
Oct 3
1944
Poles Surrender after 63-day Warsaw Uprising Nazi Germany Poland World War II BBC
Oct 9
1944
Churchill & Stalin Begin 9-day Conference in Moscow Joseph Stalin Winston Churchill World War II History Channel
Oct 18
1944
Soviets Invade Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Czech Republic Slovakia World War II New York Times
Oct 19
1944
Navy Announces African-American Women to Be Included in the WAVES Naval History African American History World War II African American Registry
Oct 20
1944
Yugoslavian Cities of Belgrade and Dubrovnik Are Liberated Yugoslavia World War II New York Times
MacArthur Arrives in the Philippines, 2 1/2 Years After Saying, ''I shall return.'' Philippines General Douglas MasArthur World War II History Channel
Oct 21
1944
Aachen Is the First German City to Fall to the Allies NAZI Germany World War II New York Times
Oct 22
1944
The Battle of Leyte Gulf (Philippines) Is the Largest Naval Battle Ever Fought. The Philippines Naval Military History World War II Asian History
Oct 24
1944
U.S. Submarine Sinks Japanese Prisoner of War Ship: 1,700 American POWs Die World War II Naval History Prisoner of War West Virginia Division of Culture and History
Aircraft Carrier USS Princeton Sunk in the Leyte Gulf World War II Naval History U.S. Navy
Oct 25
1944
Japan's First Kamikaze Suicide Bombers Used in Leyte Gulf Japan Aviation World War II The History Channel
Oct 30
1944
Units Composed Primarily of Japanese-Americans Relieve a U.S. Regiment Surrounded by German Forces for a Week in France France Nazi Germany Asian-American Military Figures World War II LearnCalifornia
Nov 12
1944
U.S. Fighters Destroy Japanese Convoy: 8,000 Killed Japan Naval History World War II Death
32 British Lancaster Bombers Sink the German Battleship Tirpitz Great Britain Nazi Germany Aviation Military History Naval Military History World War II History Channel
Nov 19
1944
President Franklin Roosevelt Announces a 6th War Loan Drive to Immediately Raise $14 Billion for the War President Franklin Roosevelt Economics World War II History Channel
Nov 24
1944
111 U.S. B-29 Superfortress Bombers Raid Tokyo, Japan Tokyo, Japan Aviation Military History World War II History Channel
Nov 25
1944
German V-2 Rocket Kills 160 Shoppers at an English Woolworth Department Store England Germany World War II Death Woolworth Virtual Museum
Nov 27
1944
Texas Soldier, Macario García, Earns the Congressional Medal of Honor Near Grosshau, Germany Grosshau, Germany Texas Military Figures American Military Figures World War II Hispanic Military Figures Texas State Historical Association
Nov 29
1944
Nazi Forces Withdraw from Albania Albania Nazi Germany World War II Albanian Tourism
Dec 3
1944
Civil War Breaks Out in Athens as Communist Guerillas Battle Democratic Forces For Control of a Liberated Greece Greece World War II History Channel
Dec 13
1944
Japanese Kamikaze Strikes USS Nashville: 138 Killed Japan Naval History World War II Death New York Times
First African-American Woman Admitted to WAVE Officer Training African-American History World War II Historic Firsts
Dec 15
1944
Airplane Carrying Bandleader Glenn Miller Disappears en Route to Paris France Glenn Miller Aviation History World War II Death New York Times
Dec 16
1944
Battle of the Bulge Begins in Belgium when Germans Launch a Surprise Attack Belgium Nazi Germany Battle of the Bulge History Channel
Dec 17
1944
A Military Proclamation Approves the Release of Japanese Americans from Internment Camps Japanese Americans World War II History Channel
German Tanks, Aircraft and Paratroops Cross the Luxembourg And Belgian Borders in a Massive Ardennes Counter-Offensive Nazi Germany Luxembourg Belgium World War II BBC
Dec 18
1944
U.S. Supreme Court Upholds the Wartime Relocation of Japanese-Americans U.S. Supreme Court Japanese-American Detainment Human Rights/Civil Rights World War II New York Times
Dec 22
1944
U.S. General. Anthony C. McAuliffe Replies ''Nuts!'' to German Demands for Surrender at the Battle of the Bulge Nazi Germany World War II New York Times
Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. Is Captured During the Battle of the Bulge and Put to Work at a Vitamin Factory in Dresden Germany Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. American Authors World War II Prisoners of War American Collection
Dec 23
1944
General. Dwight Eisenhower Authorizes the Execution of Eddie Slovik, the Only American Executed for Desertion Dwight Eisenhower World War II War Crimes Capital Punishment History Channel
Dec 26
1944
Patton's Troops Relieve Besieged Allied Defenders of Bastogne, Belgium, During the Battle of the Bulge Belgium George Patton World War II History Channel
Floyd M. Edwards of Kalamazoo Is Michigan's First World War II Veteran to Take Advantage of the "G.I. Bill of Rights" Kalamazoo, Michigan Consumer Economics Veterans World War II Historic Firsts State of Michigan
Dec 27
1944
President Roosevelt Orders the Seizure of Montgomery Ward's Properties When the Company Refuses to Comply with a Labor Agreement President Franklin Roosevelt Montgomery Ward Business Labor" World War II History Channel
Dec 31
1944
Hungary Declares War on Germany Hungary Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
Jan 3
1945
MacArthur and Nimitz Given Command of U.S. Forces in the Pacific Douglas MacArthur Chester Nimitz World War  II History Channel
Jan 5
1945
Soviets Recognize Pro-Soviet Polish Provisional Government Soviet Union Poland World War II History Channel
Jan 6
1945
21-year-old Navy Pilot George Bush Marries 20-year-old Barbara Pierce President George Bush The American Presidency World War II Library of Congress
Jan 7
1945
British General Bernard Montgomery Claims Credit for Saving the Allied Cause in the Battle of the Bulge Bernard Montgomery Battle of the Bulge History Channel
Jan 12
1945
Soviet Forces Begin a Huge Offensive Against the Germans in Eastern Europe Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II New York Times
A Japanese Balloon Carrying Bombs Explodes Near Regina, Saskatchewan Regina, Saskatchewan Japan World War II Hot Air Balloons Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Jan 16
1945
Adolph Hitler Retreats to His Bunker for Last 105 Days of WWII Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
Jan 17
1945
Soviets Capture Warsaw Poland Soviet Union World War II History Channel
Jan 21
1945
The Medal of Honor Is Awarded Posthumously to Sergeant Truman C. Olson of Cambridge, Wisconsin Wisconsin Military Figures Congressional Medal of Honor World War  II Wisconsin Historical Society
Jan 24
1945
In the Philippines, U.S. Troops Liberate Camp O'Donnell and Prisoners of War from Japan The Philippines Japan Prisoners of War World War II New Mexico Magazine
Jan 26
1945
Audie Murphy, Earns the Medal of Honor by Single-Handedly Repelling a German Attack Texas Military Figures World War II Texas State Historical Association
Jan 27
1945
Soviet Army Continues Liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland Poland The Soviet Union Nazi Germany Auschwitz World War II Aushwitz Memorial & Museum BBC
Jan 28
1945
Allied Forces Break Japan's Blockade of China by Opening the 717-mile "Burma Road" Giving China a Supply Line to India China Japan World War II History Channel
Jan 30
1945
In the Philippines, U.S. Troops Liberate Camp Cabanatuan and Prisoners of War from Japan The Philippines Japan Prisoners of War World War II New Mexico Magazine
Jan 31
1945
Private Eddie Slovik Is the Only American Executed for Desertion in WWII World War II U.S. History Death History Channel State of Michigan
Aug 22
1945
President Harry Truman Ends Lend-Lease Aid Program World War II Allies President Truman World War II International Trade New York Times
Aug 27
1945
U.S. Troops Begin Landing in Japan Following the Surrender of the Japanese Government Japan World War II New York Times
Aug 28
1945
The U.S. Catron (Named for the New Mexico County) Is Launched from Wilmington, California Catron County, New Mexico Wilmington, California Naval Military History World War II New Mexico Magazine
Congressional Medal of Honor Posthumously Awarded to U.S. Submarine Commander, Samuel David Dealey Texas Military Figures World War II American Military Figures Naval Military History Texas State Historical Society
Aug 30
1945
Gen. Douglas MacArthur Lands in Japan to Oversee Surrender Douglas MacArthur Japan World War II History Channel
Sep 2
1945
Japan Formally Surrenders in Ceremonies Aboard the USS Missouri Japanese Surrender World War II BBC History Channel Writer's Almanac New York Times Asian History Texas State Historical Society
Sep 4
1945
Japanese Surrender Wake Island Japan World War II History Channel
Sep 5
1945
Japanese-American Wartime Radio Propagandist, "Tokyo Rose," Is Arrested in Yokohama Yokohama, Japan World War II Radio Propaganda Asian-American Heritage New York Times
Sep 6
1945
President Truman Presents post-War Economic Recovery Plan to Congress U.S. Congress President Harry Truman World War II Economics History Channel
Sep 10
1945
Vidkun Quisling Is Sentenced to in Norway Death for Nazi Collaboration Norway Nazi Germany World War II New York Times
Sep 17
1945
Milwaukee, Wisconsin's MacArthur Square Is Named to Honor General Douglas MacArthur Milwaukee, Wisconsin General Douglas MacArthur World War II Wisconsin Historical Society
Sep 18
1945
MacArthur Moves His Command Headquarters to Tokyo General Douglas MacArthur Japan World War II History Channel
Sep 30
1945
Aliceville German Prisoner-of-War Camp Is Decommissioned in Pickens County, AL Alabama Nazi Germany World War II Prisoners of War Alabama State Archives
Oct 5
1945
Marine Sergeant. David Timpany, Returns to Janesville After Almost 4 years as a Japanese Prisoner of War Japan Janesville, Wisconsin World War II Prisoners of War Wisconsin Historical Society
Oct 15
1945
Vichy French Premier Pierre Laval Is Executed for German Collaboration France NAZI Germany World War II War Crimes Death History Channel
Oct 24
1945
Vidkun Quisling, Norway's Wartime President, Executed as Nazi Collaborator Norway NAZI Gemany War Crimes World War II Indiana University
Oct 30
1945
U.S. Government Ends Shoe Rationing Business & Economics World War II New York Times
Nov 16
1945
88 German Scientists Arrive in the U.S. to Start Rocket Program Nazi Germany Space Exploration NASA History Channel
Nov 20
1945
World War II Nazi War Crimes Trial Begins in Nuremberg, Germany Nuremberg, Germany Nazi Germany World War II War Crime Trials War Crimes Law and legal resources Concordia History Channel New York Times BBC Court TV
Nov 23
1945
U.S. Ends Most Wartime Food Rationing, of Meat, Butter, and Other Foods World War II Foods and Nutrition The New York Times
Dec 15
1945
General McArthur Orders an End of Shinto As Japan's State Religion Japan General Douglas McArthur Religion World War II History Channel
Dec 27
1945
Allied Powers Decide to Divide Korea into North and South Occupation Zones Divided Along the 38th Parallel Korea Korea World War II Korean War Cold War Asian History
Jan 1
1946
An American Soldier Accepts the Surrender of 20 Japanese Soldiers Who Discovered the War Is Over by Reading the Newspaper Japan World War II History Channel
Jan 3
1946
William Joyce Is Hanged in London for Broadcasting Nazi Propaganda Great Britain Propaganda World War  II World Crimes Death
Jan 22
1946
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Is Established by Presidential Directive The CIA President Harry Truman World War II National Archives
Sep 30
1946
22 Top Nazi Leaders Found Guilty of War Crimes by Nuremberg Tribunal Nazi Germany World War II War Crimes Concordia
Oct 1
1946
Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal Issues Death Sentences for Convicted Nazis Nazi Germany World War II Nuremberg War Crimes Trials History Channel
Oct 15
1946
Nazi Leader Herman Goering Kills Himself in Prison with Cyanide Herman Goering World War II War Crimes Death History Channel
Oct 16
1946
Ten High-Ranking Nazi Officials Are Hanged in Nuremberg, Germany for Crimes Against Humanity Nuremberg, Germany Nazi Germany Nuremberg War Crimes Trial Capital Punishment History Channel
Nov 9
1946
World War II Wage and Salary Controls Are Ended World War II Economics Labor US Treasury
Dec 23
1946
President Truman Appoints a Board to Consider Amnesty for Conscientious Objectors Who Refused to Serve During World War II President Harry Truman World War II Human Rights/Civil Rights History Channel
Dec 31
1946
President Truman Officially Proclaims the End of Hostilities in World War II President Harry Truman World War II New York Times
Dec 18
1947
Occupying Commander Douglas MacArthur Orders the Breakup of Japan's Zaibatsu Industrial Conglomerates Japanese Business Douglas MacArthur Business and Economics World War II Asian History
Sep 10
1948
Mildred Gillars of Portland, Maine Is Indicted for Treason as the Nazi Wartime Radio Broadcaster Known as ''Axis Sally'' Portland, Maine Nazi Germany Law & Legal Resources War Crimes World War II New York Times
Sep 24
1948
Mildred Gillars Pleads Innocent as Nazi Radio Propagandist ''Axis Sally'' Nazi Germany Propaganda Radio War Crimes World War II
Nov 9
1948
In Georgia, U.S. Post Office Issues a 3-cent Stamp Honoring Moina Michael Who Championed Selling Poppies to Help Disabled Soldiers Georgia Political and Social Leaders World War II Special Needs Education Community Service U.S. Postal Service University of Georgia
Nov 12
1948
Japanese Prime Minister Tojo and 7 Others Are Sentenced to Hang Japan World War II Capital Punishment War Crimes History Channel
Dec 23
1948
Former Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo and Six Other Japanese War Leaders Are Executed in Tokyo Japan World War II War Crimes Capital Punishment Death History Channel Asian History
Oct 6
1949
American Iva Toguri D'Aquino, ''Tokyo Rose,'' Sentenced to 10 Years in Prison World War II Propaganda War Crimes
Jan 15
1951
"The Witch of Buchenwald" Is Sentenced to Life in Prison War Crimes World War II The Holocaust The History Channel
Sep 8
1951
48 Nations Sign Peace Pact with Japan Ending World War II Japan World War II Yale University Avalon Project
Oct 19
1951
President Truman Signs Act Formally Ending State of War with Germany Germany President Harry Truman World War II The New York Times
Sep 15
1954
Battleship U.S.S. Missouri Arrives in Seattle for Her Last Visit Before Decommissioning in Bremerton Seattle, Washington Naval Military History World War II HistoryLink
Nov 10
1954
President Eisenhower Dedicates the Marine Corps Memorial in Arlington, Virginia Virginia President Eisenhower The U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial (Iwo Jima) World War II National Park Service
Dec 15
1961
Israeli Court Finds NAZI Officer Adolf Eichmann Guilty on All Counts Israel Adolf Eichmann World War II The Holocaust History Channel
Dec 21
1971
U.N. Chooses Kurt Waldheim to Succeed U Thant as Secretary-general United Nations Kurt Waldheim Nazi Germany New York Times
Jan 24
1972
Japanese Soldier Found on Guam Not Knowing WWII Has Ended Guam Japan World War II History Channel
Jan 6
1973
Hitler's Mercedes-Benz 770K Sedan Parade Car Auctioned for $153,000 Adolph Hitler Nazi Germany Automobiles History Channel
Jan 19
1977
President Gerald R. Ford Pardons Iva Toguri, "Tokyo Rose" President Ford Propaganda World War II Asian-American Heritage History Channel
Jan 19
1983
Klaus Barbie, the Nazi "Butcher of Lyons," Is Arrested in Bolivia Bolivia Nazi Germany World War II War Crimes History Channel
Sep 22
1988
Canadian Government Apologizes for WWII Internment of Japanese-Canadians Canada World War II Asian-American Studies New York Times
Nov 2
1995
Argentine Supreme Court Extradites Nazi Captain to Italy for War Crimes Trial Argentina Italy Nazi Germany War Crimes Law and Legal Resources
Dec 5
1995
Sri Lankan Troops Drive Tamil Tiger Guerrillas Out of Jaffna Sri Lanka War BBC
Dec 14
1999
U.S., Germany Establish $5.2B Fund for Nazi-era Slaves - Forced Laborers Nazi Germany The Holocaust World War II Business & Economics CNN

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This guide last edited 10/28/2008
This guide last revised 05/15/2008
This guide created 05/15/2008