Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

JANUARY 1

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1449 Lorenzo de' Medici (Italian Statesman, Merchant) Lorenzo de' Medici
1745 "Mad" Anthony Wayne (Pennsylvania-born American Revolutionary General) Anthony Wayne American Revolution
1752 Betsy Ross (Pennsylvania-born Seamstress) Betsy Ross American Flag
1883 William J. Donovan (Buffalo Attorney Who Directed the OSS; Precursor to the CIA) New York Political and Social Leaders The CIA World War II
1895 J. Edgar Hoover (Washington, D.C.-born Director of the FBI) Washington, D.C. Political and Social Leaders The FBI Biography.com New York Times
1909 Barry Goldwater (U.S. Senator from Arizona; 1964 Republican Candidate for President) Barry Goldwater U.S. Senate Politics
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1515 Louis XII, King of France French Political and Social Leaders Chambers Book of Days
1856 John Macpherson Berrien (New Jersey-born Namesake of Berrien County, Georgia) New Jersey Political and Social Leaders Berrien County, Georgia U.S. Congress University of Georgia
2009 Claiborne Pell (New York City-born U.S. Sentator from Rhode Island; Namesake of the Pell Education Grant) Claiborne Pell Rhode Island Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Educators of Note
Helen Suzman (South African Anti-Apartheid Activist) Helen Suzman Apartheid Civil Rights/Human Rights
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1651 Charles II Is Crowned King by the Scots Scotland British Monarchy Chambers Book of Days
1776 Four British Warships Fire on Norfolk, Virginia with British soldiers Burning Warehouses and Waterfront Buildings Norfolk, Virginia American Revolution Naval Military History Virginia Historical Society
1781 1,500 Soldiers Kill Three Officers and Abandon the Continental Army's Winter Camp at Morristown, New Jersey Morristown, New Jersey American Revolution Death History Channel
1801 Ireland Joins Into a Union with England and Scotland to Form the United Kingdom Ireland Scotland England Chambers Book of Days Greenwich Guide
1805 Jean-Jacques Dessalines Proclaims the Independence of Saint-Domingue, Renaming it Haiti Haiti History Channel African American Registry
1863 President Lincoln Issues the Emancipation Proclamation President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation History Channel Lincoln Logs African American Registry University of Georgia
In Tennessee, the Battle of Stones River (Murfeesboro) Continues for a Second Day Tennessee Battle of Stones River Florida Historical Society
The Federal Ship U.S.S. Gem of the Sea Captures the Confederate Sloop Ann 6 Miles East of Florida's Jupiter Inlet Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Confederate Forces Attack Galveston, Texas and Expel Occupying Union Troops Galveston, Texas Galveston, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1869 In Minnesota, an African-American Convention Is Held in St. Paul's Ingersoll Hall to Honor the Emancipation Proclamation St. Paul, Minnesota President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation African-American Heritage Minnesota Historical Society
1892 A 15-year-old Irish Girl Is the First of 12M+ Immigrants to Pass through the Doors of the Ellis Island Immigration Station Immigration Ellis Island Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1915 British Battleship Formidable Is Torpedoed by the German Submarine U-24 and Sinks in the English Channel, Killing 547 Men Great Britain Germany Naval Military History World War II History Channel
1922 South African Coal Miners Begin a Strike That Will Erupt in Violence by March South African Business Labor Strike Business South African History
1942 Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill Issue a Declaration Signed by 26 Countries, Creating the United Nations Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt United Nations World War II History Channel
The U.S. Government Prohibits Sales of Civilian Cars and Trucks to Dedicate Automotive Plants Entirely to the War Effort U.S. Government Automotives Economics World War II History Channel
1946 An American Soldier Accepts the Surrender of 20 Japanese Soldiers Who Discovered the War Is Over by Reading the Newspaper Japan World War II History Channel
1947 Canadians Become Citizens of Their Own Country Rather Than British Subjects Canada Law and Legal Resources CBC
The National Coal Board Takes Control of Britain's Mines Great Britain Labor Business BBC
1956 Sudan Gains Its Independence From Egypt and the United Kingdom Sudan Egypt Great Britain CIA African American Registry
1959 Fidel Castro's Popular Revolution Forces Cuban Dictator, Fulgencio Batista, From Power Fidel Castro Cold War History Channel BBC New York Times
President Dwight D. Eisenhower Signs an Executive Order Creating NASA President Dwight D. Eisenhower NASA History Channel
1973 The United Kingdom Joins the European Economic Community British Business Economics European History Cold War BBC
1978 An Air India Boeing 747 Jet Crashes into the Sea Just After Takeoff, Killing All 213 People on Board India Air Disasters Death History Channel
Newspaper Editor Donald Woods Arrives in London After Fleeing for His Life From South Africa's Apartheid Regime London, England South Africa Apartheid Journalism BBC
1993 Czechoslovakia Is Peacefully Split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia Czech Republic Slovakia New York Times
1994 The North American Free Trade Agreement Goes Into Effect Canadian Business Mexican Business International Trade New York Times
1999 The Euro Becomes the Official Currency of 11 European Countries European History Currency BBC
2000 The World Celebrates the New Millennium New Years BBC
In England, Queen Elizabeth II Opens the Millennium Dome London, England Queen Elizabeth II New Years Greenwich 2000 Greenwich Guide

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