Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

JANUARY 22

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1440 Czar Ivan III of Russia Russian Political and Social Leaders
1570 Robert Bruce Cotton (His Collection of Early British Charters, Royal Letters, Correspondence, Registers, Coins Became Part of the British Museum) English Political and Social Leaders Museums British Museum Chamber's Book of Days
1819 Morton S. Wilkinson (New York-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Minnesota) New York Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1890 Fred M. Vinson (Kentucky-born 13th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court New York Times
1909 U Thant (Myanmar-born Third Secretary General of the United Nations) United Nations Burmese Political and Social Leaders
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
304 Vincent of Saragossa (Spanish-born Catholic Saint: First Martyr of Spain) Vincent of Saragossa Catholic Saints Catholic Online
1666 Shah Jahan (Indian Builder of the Taj Mahal) India
1779 Claudius Smith (Rebel Tory Leader, Hanged in Goshen, New York) Goshen, New York American Revolution Capital Punishment History Channel
1901 Queen Victoria of England English Political and Social Leaders Queen Victoria History Channel
1922 Pope Benedict XV (Italian-born Pope: 1914-1922) Italian Political and Social Leaders Religion Catholic Popes Concordia
James Bryce (Irish Historian, Jurist, Statesman Irish Authors
1927 John McCausland (Missouri-born Confederate General) Missouri Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
1973 Lyndon Johnson (Texas-born 36th President of United States) Lyndon Johnson The American Presidency
1995 Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (Massachusetts-born Matriarch of the "Kennedy Clan") Bobby Kennedy Lyndon Johnson
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1510 Maximilian I Grants Permission to Banish All Jews from Colmar, Germany Germany Judaism Jewish Encyclopedia
1779 Rebel Tory Leader, Claudius Smith, Is Hanged in Goshen, New York Goshen, New York American Revolution Capital Punishment Death History Channel
1813 British, Canadians and Indians Kill 80 Americans and Capture 500 at River Raisin Near Monroe, Michigan Monroe, Michigan War of 1812 Death State of Michigan
1818 Creek Indians Sign the Treaty of Creek Agency Ceding to Georgia Land South of the Altamaha River Georgia Creek Indians Historic Documents University of Georgia
1837 South Africa's Piet Retief Completes His Great Trek Manifesto South Africa South African History
1840 The First British Colonists to New Zealand Arrive at Port Nicholson on Auckland Island New Zealand Great Britain Historic Firsts History Channel
1855 Chief Seattle, Puget Sound Tribal Leaders and Washington's Territorial Governor Sign the Point Elliott Treaty Washington Native Amewrican Heritage Chief Seattle Historic American Documents History Link
1861 New York Authorities Seize 200 Guns Purchased for Shipment to Macon, Georgia New York Macon, Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
1866 A Joint Resolution of the Georgia General Assembly Calls for Removal of Federal Troops from the State Georgia American Civil War Historic Documents University of Georgia
1879 Zulu Warriors Route the British at IsandIwana: 1271 British Troops Die South Africa Great Britain Zulu War Death South African History BBC
In Nebraska, U.S. Troops Kill More Than 30 Cheyenne Indians Attempting to Return to Their Wyoming Homeland Nebraska Cheyenne Indians Death History Channel
1901 West Virginia's Legislature Passes a Joint Resolution Honoring Spanish- American War Hero Andrew S. Rowan West Virginia Military Leaders Spanish-American War West Virginia Archives
1905 First Russian Revolution Begins as Czar's Troops Slaughter Hundreds of Peaceful Labor Protestors 1905 Revolution Labor Revolutions and Revolutionaries Death History Channel
1906 SS Valencia Wrecks on Canada's Vancouver Island: 136 Crew & Passengers Die, 37 Survive Vancouver Island Naval History Death History Link
1917 Woodrow Wilson Calls for "Peace without Victory" End to WWI Woodrow Wilson World War I New York Times
1924 Ramsay MacDonald British Is Elected as the Labour Party's First Prime Minister British Political and Social Leaders Elections British Council
1932 U.S. Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) Is Created Herbert Hoover The Great Depression History Channel US Treasury
1941 British & Australians Take Tobruk, Libya Libya Great Britain Australia World War II History Channel
1944 Allies Begin Landing at Anzio, Italy Italy World War II New York Times
1946 The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Is Established by Presidential Directive The CIA President Harry Truman World War II National Archives
1949 Chinese Communist Forces Take Control of Beijing China Asian History
1950 Soviet and Chinese Leaders Meet in Moscow to Discuss the Presence of Soviet Troops in Manchuria Soviet Union China Asian History
1964 Kenneth Kaunda Becomes the Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) Zambian Political and Social Leaders South African History
1970 First Regularly-Scheduled Commercial Boeing 747 Flight Is Made from New York to London London, England New York City Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1971 Communist Rebels Attack Cambodia's Capital Phnom Penh with Artillery for the First Time Cambodia War Asian History
1973 U.S. Supreme Court Legalizes Abortion with Roe v. Wade Decision U.S. Supreme Court Roe v. Wade Constitutional Law Concordia History Channel New York Times Texas State Historical Association History Link
1980 Soviets Arrest Andrei Sakharov for Criticizing Military Intervention in Afghanistan Soviet Union Andrei Sakharov Cold War History Channel BBC
1990 Soviet Troops Move into Azerbaijan Soviet Union Azerbaijan Cold war BBC
1996 Former South Korea Leaders Are Charged with Treason and Mutiny for 1980 Massacre of pro-Democracy Activists Korean Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Asian History
1997 Madeleine Albright Is Confirmed as the First Female U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright U.S. Government President Bill Clinton Women Historic Firsts New York Times

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