Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

JANUARY 27

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1850 Samuel Gompers (English-American Labor Leader) Samuel Gompers Labor Leaders
1859 Wilhelm II, Kaiser of Germany German Political Leaders
1890 Ch'ing-ling Soong (Chinese Author; Wife of Sun Yet-sen Chinese Political Leaders
1944 Mairead Corrigan Maguire (Irish 1976 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Mairead Corrigan 1976 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1949 Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini Zuma (South African Political Leader) South African Political Leaders Women South African Government
1955 John G. Roberts, Jr. (Chief Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) John G. Roberts Law and Legal Resources George W. Bush U.S. Supreme Court
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1941 Joseph Schafer (Superintendent of the Wisconsin State Historical Society) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin State Historical Society
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312 Legend: Boat with Remains of Ste. Devote Washes Ashore at Monaco Ste. Devote
537 Byzantine Emperor Justinian Dedicates the Church of Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) in Constantinople Istanbul, Turkey Hagia Sophia Religion Concordia
1302 Dante Alighieri Is Heavily Fined for Hostility to the Church and Corrupt Practices Dante Alighieri Authors Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia Concordia History Channel
1801 The U.S. Senate Confirms John Marshall to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall U.S. Senate U.S. Supreme Court Virginia Historical Society
1838 Abraham Lincoln Speaks Before Young Men's Lyceum on "Perpetuation of Our Political Institutions" American Government Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1839 Episcopal Church Opens in Matagorda, Texas Despite Mexico's Required Allegiance to the Catholic Church Mexico Matagorda, Texas Episcopal Church Catholicism Texas State Historical Association
1847 Fugitive Kentucky Slaves Escape to Canada During Confrontation in Marshall, Michigan Canada Kentucky Marshall, Michigan Slavery State of Michigan
1861 Lincoln Sets February 11th Departure for Washington, D.C., Requests Privacy Prior to Leaving" Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1862 Lincoln Issues General Order for All Union Forces to Advance on February 22 Abraham Lincoln American Civil War History Channel
Samuel Jones Relieves Braxton E. Bragg as Commander of the Confederate Army of Pensacola Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Noah Swayne Is Sworn In as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Virginia Political and Social Leaders President Abraham Lincoln U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1882 Ward Hunt Retires as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court New York Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1916 Woodrow Wilson Makes Three Speeches in New York to Generate Support for World War I New York City President Woodrow Wilson World War I National Endowment for the Humanities
1924 Lenin's Body Is Placed in a Temporary Wooden Mausoleum in Red Square Vladimir Lenin Soviet Union Lenin Mausoleum
1926 The U.S. Senate Approves United States Adherence to the World Court Protocol U.S. Government World Government World History Indiana University
1941 Delta Airlines Announces Plans to Make Atlanta, Georgia Its Base Atlanta, Georgia Aviation History Delta Airlines University of Georgia
1943 U.S. Fliers Execute First All-U.S. Bombing of Germany at Wilhelmshaven Nazi Germany Aviation History World War II History Channel
1944 Soviet Army Breaks Germany's 880-day Siege of Leningrad The Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II BBC
1945 Soviet Army Continues Liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland Poland The Soviet Union Nazi Germany Auschwitz World War II Aushwitz Memorial & Museum BBC
1951 U.S. Air Force Plane Explodes a One-kiloton Nuclear Bomb in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Historic Firsts History Channel
1957 An Unexploded Bomb Is Found on Front Porch of Martin Luther King's Montgomery, AL Home Montgomery, Alabama Martin Luther King, Jr. Racism University of Georgia
1959 The Duke of Edinburgh Lays the Cornerstone for the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi Delhi, India Education Technology Indian Institute of Technology Delhi National Council for Science and Technology Communication
1964 France Establishes Diplomatic Relations with the People's Republic of China France China World History French Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Margaret Chase Smith Becomes the First Female Presidential Candidate for a Major Party Margaret Chase Smith The American Presidency Women Politics and Elections Historic Firsts Margaret Chase Smith Library (pdf)
1973 9-point Vietnam Cease-fire Agreement Signed in Paris Paris Vietnam War History Channel
1975 U.S. Senate Begins Investigation of FBI and CIA Activities U.S. Senate CIA FBI History Channel
1977 Vatican Reaffirms Roman Catholic Tradition of Male-only Priests Catholicism New York Times
1980 Opposition Leader Robert Mugabe Returns to Rhodesia After Five Years in Exile Zimbabwe Political and Social Leaders BBC
1981 President Reagan Greets the 52 Former American Hostages Released by Iran Iran Ronald Reagan The Iran Hostage Crisis New York Times
1982 Mauno Koivisto Is Elected President of Finland Finnish Political and Social Leaders Elections New York Times
1987 President Ronald Reagan Delivers State of the Union Address to Congress Ronald Reagan The American Presidency U.S. Congress C-Span
Marcos Loyalists Seize Manila Communications Sites, but Fail to Seize Control of Country Republic of the Philippines The Terrorism Research Center
1988 Senate Judiciary Committee Unanimously Approves Anthony Kennedy for Supreme Court California Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate U.S. Senate Reagan Library
1991 Rebels Force Somalian Dictator, Muhammad Siyad Barre, to Flee Mogadishu Somalia History Channel
1996 Military Coup Overthrew Niger's Democratically Elected President, Mahamane Ousmane Niger Amnesty International
2000 President Bill Clinton Delivers His Final State of the Union Address Bill Clinton The American Presidency PBS

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