Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

JANUARY 31

Icon
Icon
Nauru: Independence Day
(Celebration of independence from United Kingdom-administered United Nations trusteeship: 01/31/1968)
Nauru Great Britain United Nations CIA
1734 Robert Morris (Pennsylvania-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders The Declaration of Independence History Channel
1764 David Blackshear (North Carolina-born Georgia Militia General; Namesake of Blackshear, Georgia) North Carolina Military Figures Blackshear, Georgia American Revolution University of Georgia
1878 W. W. Trent (West Virginia State Superintendent of Schools) West Virginia Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note West Virginia Archives
1925 Benjamin Hooks (Tennessee-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Benjamin Hooks American Civil Rights Movement Famous African Americans
1938 Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands The Netherlands
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1496 Menno Simons (Dutch-born Namesake of the Mennonite Church) Menno Simons Guide to Religion
1606 Guy Fawkes (Englishman Who Tried to Blow Up Parliament: Namesake of Guy Fawkes Day) Guy Fawkes Day
1945 Pvt. Eddie Slovik (Detroit-born World War II Soldier Executed for Desertion) Detroit World War II
1956 John Noyes (Head of the Alaska National Guard; Plane Crash) Alaska Military Figures Air Disasters Alaska National Guard Alaska Historical Society
1972 King Mahendra of Nepal Nepal Nepal News Asian History
Icon
Icon
1686 King Louis XIV of France Orders the Burning of all Waldensian Protestant Churches Burned French Political and Social Leaders Religion Concordia
1752 Sister Saint Martha Turpin Is First American-born Roman Catholic Nun Catholicism Women Historic Firsts Concordia
1795 Alexander Hamilton Resigns as Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton History Channel U.S. Treasury
1855 The Makah Villages Give Up Almost All Tribal Lands on Washington's Olympic Peninsula Washington Makah Historic U.S. Documents History Link
1858 British Launch the First All-Metal Ship, the Great Eastern, 18,900 Tons Great Britain Naval History Historic Firsts Greenwich Guide
1861 In Charleston, Illinois, Lincoln Visits His Stepmother, Relatives and His Father's Grave Charleston, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
Atlanta, Georgia City Council Selects Five Delegates for the Confederate Convention in Montgomery, AL Atlanta, Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
1862 President Lincoln Issues Special War Order No. 1. Directing Army of Potomac to Move by February 22 President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Reports to Congress on the Trent Affair U.S. Congress President Abraham Lincoln Trent Affair Lincoln Logs
Lincoln Approves Act Authorizing Him to Take Possession of Railroad and Telegraph Lines President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Railroads Telegraph Lincoln Logs
1863 Company A of Hunter's 1st South Carolina, the First Unit of Former Slaves to Join the Union Army, Is Called to Active Duty South Carolina American Civil War African-American Heritage Historic Firsts U.S. Army
1864 President Lincoln Corresponds with General Banks About Loyalty Oath Being Required in Louisiana Louisiana President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Reconstruction Lincoln Logs
1865 Congress Sends 13th Amendment Abolishing Slavery to States for Ratification 13TH Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Slavery U.S. House of Representatives History Channel New York Times
President Lincoln Sends Secretary Seward to Virginia to Meet Informally with Confederate Representatives Vrginia President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
Robert E. Lee Is Named General-In-Chief of the Confederate Armies Virginia Military Figures Robert E. Lee American Civil War New York Times
1870 Associate Justice Robert C. Grier Retires from the U.S. Supreme Court Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1872 Texas' Governor Is Indicted for Election Fraud Texas Political and Social Leaders Elections Crime Law and Legal Resources Texas State Historical Association
1879 William Tecumseh Sherman Revisits Atlanta, Georgia 15 Years after Ordering It to be Burned Atlanta, Georgia William Tecumseh Sherman American Civil War University of Georgia
1915 Germans First Use Poison Gas Against Russians Germany Russia World War I Historic Firsts
1917 Germany Announces Renewal of Unlimited Submarine Warfare in the Atlantic Germany World War I Submarines History Channel
1929 Leon Trotsky Is Expelled from the Soviet Union to Turkey Leon Trotsky Turkey Indiana University
1930 World Powers Meet in London to Negotiate an End to the Naval Arms Race London, England Naval History War Asian History
1938 Stanley Reed Is Sworn In As Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Kentucky Political and Social Leaders President Franklin Roosevelt U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1941 Associate Justice James C. McReynolds Retires from the U.S. Supreme Court Kentucky Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1944 U.S. Forces Invade the Japanese-held Marshall Islands Marshall Islands World War II New York Times
1945 Private Eddie Slovik Is the Only American Executed for Desertion in WWII World War II U.S. History Death History Channel State of Michigan
Yugoslavia Adopts USSR-style Constitution with Marshal Tito Official Head of State Yugoslavia Bates College
1946 Georgia's Government Authorizes a Franklin D. Roosevelt Memorial in Warm Springs Warm Springs, Georgia President Franklin Roosevelt University of Georgia
1950 President Truman Announces Order to Build the Hydrogen Bomb President Harry Truman Nuclear Weapons World History Truman Library History Channel
1956 General John Noyes, Head of the Alaska National Guard, Dies at Nome as a Result of a Plane Crash Alaska Military Figures Air Disasters Death Alaska National Guard Alaska Historical Society
1958 James Gladstone Is Appointed as Canada's First Senator of Native Descent Canada Native-American Studies Historic Firsts Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Centre
1961 David Ben-Gurion Resigns as Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion Israel The State of Israel
1966 U.S. President Lyndon Johnson Orders Renewed Bombing of North Vietnamese Targets President Lyndon Johnson War Asian History
1968 Viet Cong Seize the U.S. Embassy in Saigon for 6 Hours Vietnam War History Channel
First Two Days of Tet Offensive Leave 5,000 Dead Vietnam War Death BBC
U.S. Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Source Information from Geoscience Australia
1972 Nepal's King Birendra Accedes to Throne on Death of His Father King Mahendra Nepal Nepal News
1983 New Law Makes Seat Belts Mandatory in England Great Britain Auto Safety Laws and Legal Resources Historic Firsts BBC
1984 U.S. Conducts 20 to 150 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Source Information from Geoscience Australia
1985 South African President P.W. Botha Offers Nelson Mandela Conditional Release from Prison P.W. Botha Nelson Mandela Apartheid Prison South African History
1995 President Bill Clinton Authorizes a $20 Billion Loan to Mexico Mexico President Clinton International Trade History Channel
1996 Truck of Explosives Rams Sri Lanka Central Bank: 86 Die Sri Lanka Terrorism Death BBC
2001 Scottish Court Convicted a Libyan Terrorist for the 1988 Bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 Scotland Libya 1988 Bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 Terrorism New York Times
2006 The U.S. Senate Confirms (58-42) Samuel Alito as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court New Jersey Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress U.S. Supreme Court Natonal Public Radio

Have an item you would like for us to add? Let us know!

Click Here! E-mail