Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

FEBRUARY 4

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World Health Organization: World Cancer Day
(Annual observance on this date marking the anniversary of the first World Summit Against Cancer held in Paris on 4 February 2000)
World Health Organization World Cancer Day
Angola: Inicio de Luta Armada (Commencement of the Armed Struggle)

Angola U.S. Department of State
Sri Lanka: National or Independence Day
(Celebration of freedom from British rule: 02/04/1948)
Sri Lanka Expedia Library of Congress
1844 Owen A. Wells (New York-born Member U.S. Congress From Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1865 Lila (Meade) Valentine (Virginia Champion of Women's Suffrage, Health and Education Reform) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Women's Suffrage Health Care Educators of Note Virginia Historical Society
1913 Rosa Parks (Alabama-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Rosa Parks U.S. Civil Rights Movement African American Political and Social Leaders
1921 Betty Friedan (Illinois-born Writer, Feminist, Women's Rights Activist) Illinois Political and Social Leaders Human Rights Women National Organization for Women Biography.com
1947 Dan Quayle (Indiana-born U.S. Senator; Vice-President of the United States) Indiana Political and Social Leaders President George Bush U.S. Congress Biography.com
Sanford Bishop (Alabama-born African-American Member of the U.S. Congress from Georgia) Alabama Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1989 Nkosi Johnson (South African AIDS Advocate, Victim) South African Political and Social Leaders AIDS Human Rights/Civil Rights National Public Radio African American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
211 Lucius Septimus Severus (Roman Emperor) Roman Empire Chambers Book of Days
1911 Stephen Benton Elkins (Ohio-born United States Senator From West Virginia) Ohio Political and Social Leaders West Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress West Virginia State Archive
1968 Alfredo Gonzalez (Texas-born Marine Sergeant Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor Texas Military Figures Latin-Amrican Military Figures American Military Figures Vietnam War U.S. Marines Texas State Historical Society
1974 Abram Onkgopotse Tiro (South African Student Rights Activist Killed in Botswana) Botswana South African Political and Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights Death South African History
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1783 Britain Declares a Formal Cessation of Hostilities with Its Former Colonies, the United States of America Great Britain American Revolution New York Times
1789 Electors Unanimously Choose George Washington to be the First President of the United States George Washington The American Presidency Historic Firsts History Channel University of Georgia
1794 French Convention Abolishes Slavery in the Colonies (Napoleon Will Revive Slavery in 1802) France Slavery Human Rights George Mason University African American Registry
1801 John Marshall Is Sworn in As Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court John Marshall U.S. Supreme Court Oyez New York Times
1829 The Mexican Government Changes the Name of La Bahía to Villa de Goliad Mexico Goliad, Texas Texas State Historical Society
1836 Dade County, the State's 19th County, Is Created and Named in Honor of Major Francis Dade Killed This Day in a Seminole Indian Ambush Dade County, Florida Florida Historical Society
Major Francis Langhorne Dade and 106 Men Perish in a Seminole Indian Ambush Near Present-Day Bushnell, Florida Bushnell, Florida Seminole, Indians Death Florida Historical Society
1839 The Durham Report for Unification of Upper & Lower Canada Is Presented to the Colonial Office Canada Canadian Encyclopedia
1841 The Bank of the United States Is Shut Down U.S. Government Economics History Channel
The Republic of Texas Authorizes Ill-Fated Peters Colony Republic of Texas Texas State Historical Society
1861 President-elect Abraham Lincoln Accepts an Invitation to Pass Through New York en Route to Washington, D.C. for His Inauguration New York Washington, D.C. Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
In Montgomery, Alabama, Delegates from Florida, Mississippi, South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana Convene the Congress of the Confederate States of America Montogomery, Alabama Florida Georgia Louisiana Mississippi South Carolina American Civil War Yale University History Channel Alabama State Archives Florida Historical Society University of Georgia
Indian Chief Cochise Escapes Capture at Apache Pass Arizona The Apache Tribe <I>Albuquerque Journal</i>
1864 The Governor of Michigan Signs a Resolution Expressing Support for President Lincoln's Reelection, the Constitution and the Union Michigan Abraham Lincoln American Civil War State of Michigan
1887 U.S. Congress Creates the Interstate Commerce Commission to Oversee the Railroad Industry U.S. Congress Railroads Law & Legal Resources National Archives
1915 Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm Proclaims the North Sea a War Zone Germany Naval Military History World War I History Channel
1928 Austrian National Socialists Protest the Presence of African-American Actress Josephine Baker on the Vienna Stage Vienna, Austria Josephine Baker Nazi Germany Racism Stage and Theater African-American Performing Artists Theatre History
1938 Hitler Seizes Control of the German Army German History Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler League of Nations
1939 In South Africa, the "Ossewabrandwag" Afrikaans Nationalist Organisation Is Founded in Bloemfontein South Africa Civil Rights/Human Rights South African History
1941 The United Service Organizations (The USO) Is Incorporated in New York State State of New York World War II Service Organizations Library of Congress History Channel
The Alaska Defense Command Is Established with General Simon Buckner As Its Commanding Officer Alaska U.S. Government Alaska Historical Society
1945 President Roosevelt, Winston Churchill & Joseph Stalin Begin a 7-day Conference in Yalta Winston Churchill Josef Stalin Franklin Roosevelt World War II Writer's Almanac History Channel Asian History
1948 Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Becomes an Independent Dominion within the British Commonwealth Sri Lanka British Commonwealth New York Times
North Korean National Defense Bureau Is Established Korea Federation of American Scientists
1962 The First U.S. Helicopter Is Shot Down in Vietnam Vietnam War Helicopter History Channel
1965 U.S. Conducts Underground Nuclear Test (Code Name Cashmere) in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1969 With Yasir Arafat As Its Leader, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Is Founded Palestine Yasir Arafat Middle East History History Channel
1970 U.S. Conducts 20-200 kt Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1974 Mail Bomb Kills South African Student Rights Activist Abram Onkgopotse Tiro in Botswana Botswana South African Political and Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights Death Terrorism South African History
A Bomb Explodes Aboard a Bus Carrying British Soldiers and Their Families, Killing 12 Great Britain Crime Death Terrorism BBC
In Berkeley, California, the Symbionese Liberation Army Abducts Patricia Hearst, 19-year-old Granddaughter of Publishing Billionaire William Randolph Hearst Berkeley, California William Randolph Hearst Crime Notorious Americans Terrorism History Channel New York Times
1976 President Samora Machel of Mozambique Issues a Decree Ending Private Property Ownership Mozambique Government Human Rights/Civil Rights Law and Legal Resources South African History
1987 Congress Overrides President Reagan's Veto of Clean Water Act U.S. Congress President Ronald Reagan Water Earth and Environmental Sciences Television News Archive
2000 A Coalition Government That Includes Joerg Haider's Far-Right Freedom Party Comes to Power in Austria Austrian Government New York Times
2003 Yugoslavia Is Formally Dissolved and Replaced with a Loose Union of Its Remaining Two Republics, Serbia and Montenegro Yugoslavia Serbia-Montenegro New York Times

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