Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

FEBRUARY 16

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Lithuania: Independence Day
(Commemorates the Lithuanian declaration of independence: 02/16/1918)
Lithuanian Declaration of Independence Lithuanian Embassy, Washington, D.C.
1640 Frederick William (Prussian Elector of Brandenburg) Germany Political and Social Leaders
1808 Lysander Cutler (Massachusetts-born General of the 6th Wisconsin Infantry) Massachusetts Military Figures Wisconsin Military Figures American Civil War Wisconsin Historical Society
1810 Cushing Eells (Massachusetts-born Missionary, Founder of Whitman College) Cushing Eells Whitman Mission Religion Education Whitman College Library of Congress
1812 Henry Wilson (New Hampshire-born African-American Abolitionist) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders U.S. Grant Abolition African-American Registry
1852 William Saunders Scarborough (Georgia-born African-American President of Wilberforce College) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Wilberforce University African-American Registry
1913 Lewis W. Walt (Kansas-born Military Commander in Vietnam) Kansas Authors & Illustrators U.S. Military Figures Vietnam War
1942 Kim Jong Il (North Korean Dictator) Kim Jon Il
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1757 Henry Ellis Replaces John Reynolds as the Royal Governor of Georgia English Political and Social Leaders Georgia Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1786 James Monroe Marries Elizabeth Kortright James Monroe The History Channel
1808 Napoleon's Forces Cross the Spanish Border and Capture Pamplona France Spain War McGill University
1861 President Lincoln's Train Travels Cleveland to Buffalo: Greeted by Former President Fillmore Ohio Pennsylvania New York Abraham Lincoln Millard Fillmore Railroad Lincoln Papers
1862 14,000 Confederates Surrender to Grant's Troops at Fort Donelson, Tennessee Tennessee Ulysses S. Grant Ft. Donelson History Channel
1864 Federal Troops Raid the Woodstock Mills, Along Florida's St. Mary's River, for Lumber Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1916 Russian Army Captures the Armenian City of Erzerum in the Ottoman Province of Anatolia Armenia Russia World War I The History Channel
1918 Lithuanian Declaration of Independence Is Signed Lithuanian Declaration of Independence New York Times
1923 Archaeologist Howard Carter Opens Doorway to King Tut's Burial Chamber Howard Carter Tomb of King Tutankamun Archaeology New York Times
1927 Arthur Jerome Drossaerts Is Consecrated as First Archbishop of Catholic Archdiocese of San Antonio San Antonio, Texas Catholicism Religion Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1933 Czechoslovakia, Romania, Yugoslavia Strengthen Ties in Fear of Germany Czech Republic Slovakia Romania Yugoslavia Nazi Germany Indiana University
1936 Spain's Leftist Popular Front Wins General Election; Manuel Azana Becomes Premier Spain Elections Indiana University
1943 American Mildred Harnack Is Guillotined in Germany on Orders from Adolph Hitler for Assisting German Jews and Political Dissidents Nazi Germany Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Judaism Holocaust Capital Punishment World War II Wisconsin Historical Society
1945 American Troops Land on the Island of Corregidor in the Philippines Republic of the Philippines World War II New York Times
American Troops Recapture the Philippines' Bataan Peninsula Bataan Death March World War II The History Channel
1946 Inaugural Flight Is Made of the First Commercial Helicopter, the Sikorsky S51 Aviation History Historic Firsts Royal Australian Air Force Museum
1951 Josef Stalin Charges the United Nations Has Become a "Weapon of War" United Nations Josef Stalin The Cold War History Channel
1959 Fidel Castro Sworn in As Premier of Cuba after Overthrow of Fulgencio Batista Fidel Castro BBC History Channel Writer's Almanac South African History
1960 U.S. Nuclear Submarine Triton Begins Underwater Round-the-world Trip Submarines Cold War U.S. Navy
1987 Trial of Treblinka Death Camp's "Ivan the Terrible" Begins in Israel Israel The Holocaust War Crimes Law & Legal Resources Vanderbilt
1989 Investigators Determine Bomb Inside Cassette Player Cause of Pan Am Explosion over Scotland Scotland Pan Am 103 Disaster Terrorism Death New York Times
South Africa's United Democratic Front Disowns Winnie Mandela South Africa Nelson Mandela South African History
1991 Former Nicaraguan Contra Leader, Enrique Bermudez, Is Assassinated in Managua Nicaragua Iran-Contra Scandal Death New York Times
1992 Israeli Air Assault Kills Hezbollah General Secretary Abbas Musawi in Lebanon Israel Lebanon Terrorism Death Vanderbilt
1999 Kurds Seize European Embassies after Turkey Arrests Leader Abdullah Ocalan Turkey European History CNN
2001 Albanian Extremists Kill Seven Serbs with Bomb on a Kosovo Bus Bosnia Terrorism Death BBC

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